Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Dactyloidae > Anolis > Anolis carolinensis

Anolis carolinensis (Green anole)

Synonyms: Anolis baccatus; Anolis bullaris; Anolis podargicus; Anolis principalis; Anolis strumosa; Dactyloa carolinensis; Lacerta principalis; Norops baccatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Carolina anole (Anolis carolinensis) is an arboreal lizard found primarily in the southeastern United States and some Caribbean islands. Other common names include the green anole, American anole and red-throated anole. It is also sometimes referred to as the American chameleon due to its ability to change color from several brown hues to bright green and its somewhat similar appearance (though it is not a true chameleon).
View Wikipedia Record: Anolis carolinensis


Invasive Species

The green anole, Anolis carolinensis is a moderate sized arboreal lizard native to the southeastern United States. Most likely spread through unintentional transport, alien populations have managed to establish on numerous islands in the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean, including the Ogasawara Islands, Japan. Here A. carolinensis is thought to have played a significant role in the extinctions and population declines of many species of endemic insects through predation. Projects are underway to manage this species through use of adhesive traps and exclusion fencing, with preventing the spread of A. carolinensis to uninvaded nearby islands having priority.
View ISSG Record: Anolis carolinensis


Adult Weight [1]  2.3 grams
Litters / Year [2]  4
Maximum Longevity [3]  7 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
American Memorial Park   Saipan, Northern Mariana Island  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Caroline National Memorial III 137 Florida, United States
Fort Matanzas National Monument III 269 Florida, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park VI 854 Texas, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes


Lanius ludovicianus (Loggerhead Shrike)[4]


Parasitized by 
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Oochoristica anolis <Unverified Name>[5]
Skrjabinoptera phrynosoma <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Audubon Zoocarolinensis
Berkshire College of Agriculture
Birmingham Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Caldwell Zoo
Chahinkapa Zoo
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Dallas Zoo
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Louisville Zoological Garden
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Oakland Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
South Carolina Aquarium
The Living Rainforest
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tropical Butterfly House
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken

Range Map

Mexico Terra typica: Mexico; USA (E Texas, SE Oklahoma, S Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, SE Tennessee), Bahamas, Grand Cayman Islands (HR 33: 321), Anguilla (HR 32: 118), Cuba, Mexico. Introduced to Belize and Hawaii (fid;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Length–weight allometries in lizards, S. Meiri, Journal of Zoology 281 (2010) 218–226
2Clutch Size and Reproductive Effort in the Lizard Lacerta vivipara Jacquin, R. A. Avery, Oecologia (Berl.) 19, 165-170 (1975)
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access