Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Dactyloidae > Anolis > Anolis cristatellus

Anolis cristatellus (Common Puerto Rican anole, Crested anole)

Synonyms: Anolis cozumelae; Anolis lindeni; Ctenonotus cristatellus; Ptychonotus cristatellus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Puerto Rican crested anole (Anolis cristatellus cristatellus) is the nominate subspecies of a species of anole belonging to the Polychrotidae family of reptiles.
View Wikipedia Record: Anolis cristatellus


Invasive Species

Anolis cristatellus or the crested anole, is native to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and is best distinguished by the high crests on the middle of the back and on the base of the tail. It has most likely been dispersed unintentionally over long distances to its introduced range. Its aggressiveness and high fecundity makes A. cristatellus a strong competitor capable of displacing native anole lizard species or forcing them to use different parts of their natural habitat.
View ISSG Record: Anolis cristatellus


Adult Weight [1]  8.4 grams


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Virgin Islands Biosphere Reserve 15148 Virgin Islands, United States  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. Yes


Epicrates monensis (Mona Island Boa)[2]


Parasitized by 
Centrorhynchus cystacanth <Unverified Name>[3]
Mesocoelium danforthi <Unverified Name>[3]
Mesocoelium monas[3]
Oochoristica maccoyi <Unverified Name>[3]
Parapharyngodon cubensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Skrjabinoptera leiocephalorum <Unverified Name>[3]
Spauligodon anolis <Unverified Name>[3]
Trichospirura teixeirai <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Sedgwick County Zoo
Welsh Mountain Zoo


Puerto Rico (including many offshore islands), Isla Vieques, Isla Culebra, Isla Culebrita, Virgin Islands, Isla de Cabras, Punta Salinas Island, Cayo Ratones (near Jobos, Puerto Rico), Skipper Cay (south of Key Point, Peter Island, British Virgin Islands;



Species recognized by Uetz P., , The Reptile Database in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Length–weight allometries in lizards, S. Meiri, Journal of Zoology 281 (2010) 218–226 2"Habitat Use by a Boid Snake, Epicrates monensis, and Its Anoline Prey, Anolis cristatellus", C. Ray Chandler and Peter J. Tolson, Journal of Herpetology Vol. 24, No. 2 (Jun., 1990), pp. 151-157 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011