Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Crocodylia > Alligatoridae > Paleosuchus > Paleosuchus palpebrosus
 

Paleosuchus palpebrosus (Dwarf caiman, Cuvier's smooth-fronted caiman)

Synonyms: Alligator palpebrosus; Champsa gibbiceps; Champsa palpebrosa; Crocodilus palpebrosus; Jacaretinga moschifer

Wikipedia Abstract

Cuvier's dwarf caiman (Paleosuchus palpebrosus) is a small crocodilian from northern and central South America in the alligator family. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam and Venezuela. It lives in riverine forests, flooded forests near lakes, and near fast-flowing rivers and streams. It can traverse dry land to reach temporary pools and tolerates colder water than other species of alligator. Other common names for this species include the musky caiman, the dwarf caiman, Cuvier's caiman and the smooth-fronted caiman. It is sometimes kept in captivity as a pet and may be referred to as the wedge head caiman by the pet trade.
View Wikipedia Record: Paleosuchus palpebrosus

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore
Gestation [2]  90 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  24 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Acquario di Genova
Adventure Aquarium
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Cameron Park Zoo
Central Park Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Park
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Ellen Trout Zoo
Exmoor Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Gladys Porter Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Helsinki Zoo
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
John Ball Zoological Garden
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Jyllands Park Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Madras Crocodile Bank Trust
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
New York Aquarium
Olmense Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Randers Regnskov
Reid Park Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rotterdam Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Sunset Zoo
Terrarium Vissenbjerg
The Philadelphia Zoo
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Topeka Zoological Park
Toronto Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, NE Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela. Terra typica: "Cayenne," French Guiana.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Magnusson, WE (1992). Paleosuchus palpebrosus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 554.1-554.2
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access