Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Testudines > Podocnemididae > Podocnemis > Podocnemis unifilis
 

Podocnemis unifilis (Yellow-spotted Amazon River Turtle; Yellow-spotted river turtle)

Synonyms: Emys cayennensis; Emys terekay; Podocnemis cayennensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-spotted Amazon river turtle or yellow-spotted river turtle (Podocnemis unifilis) is one of the largest South American river turtles. It can grow up to 45 cm long and weigh up to 8 kg. This species can be recognized by its black or brown oval carapace (upper shell) with distinctive low keels on the second and third scutes. Yellow spots on the side of its head give this species its common name. These spots are most prominent in juveniles and fade with age. Females can be up to twice the size of males. Their average life span is 60 to 70 years.
View Wikipedia Record: Podocnemis unifilis

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  9.92 lbs (4.50 kg)
Gestation [1]  60 days
Litter Size [1]  24

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Barranquilla Zoo
Biodome de Montreal
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Burger's Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Cango Wildlife Ranch
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Copenhagen Zoo
Dallas World Aquarium
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark Emmen
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Greenville Zoo
Helsinki Zoo
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Krokodille Zoo (Danish Crocodile Exhb)
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Mesker Park Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Miller Park Zoo
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
New England Aquarium
New York Aquarium
Newport Aquarium
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc de Lunaret
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Reid Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Staten Island Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tennessee Aquarium
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Turtle Back Zoo
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wildlife World Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Distribution

Caribbean drainages of Guyana, French Guiana, Venezuela, and Colombia, Trinidad ?, Tobago ?, upper tributaries of the Amazon River in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, N Bolivia, S Venezuela, and Brazil Terra typica: "Rupununi und Takutu" rivers, Guyana.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access