Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Colubridae > Thamnophis > Thamnophis sirtalis
 

Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)

Synonyms: Coluber sirtalis; Eutaenia sirtalis; Eutainia concinna; Eutainia dorsalis; Eutainia infernalis; Eutainia pickeringii; Eutainia sirtalis; Eutanaeia sirtalis; Tropidonotus bipunctatus; Tropidonotus concinnus; Tropidonotus ordinatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Common Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) is a numerous snake indigenous to North America. Most garter snakes have a pattern of yellow stripes on a brown or green background and their average length is about 55 cm, maximum about 137 cm . The average body mass is 150 g .
View Wikipedia Record: Thamnophis sirtalis

Infraspecies

Thamnophis sirtalis annectens (Texas gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis concinnus (Red-spotted gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis dorsalis (New Mexico gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi (Valley gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis infernalis (California red-sided gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis lowei (Gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis pallidulus (Maritime Garter Snake)
Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis (Red-sided gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis pickeringii (Gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis similis (Blue-striped gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis (Eastern gartersnake)
Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia (San Francisco gartersnake)

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  150 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  3 months 10 days
Hibernates [2]  Yes
Litter Size [3]  17
Maximum Longevity [1]  14 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cascade Head Biosphere Reserve 17423 Oregon, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fairfield Osborn Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 190 California, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Matanzas National Monument III 269 Florida, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
George WA Carver National Monument V 210 Missouri, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park V 216 North Carolina, United States
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Jepson Prairie Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 1553 California, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lanphere-Christensen Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 471 California, United States  
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
McCloud River Preserve Conservation Easement 1693 California, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Parque Nacional de Sierra San Pedro Martir National Park II 180607 Baja California, Mexico  
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site III 139 New Hampshire, United States
San Francisco Peninsular Watershed County Wildlife Refuge or Management Area 30320 California, United States  
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Scotts Bluff National Monument V 3185 Nebraska, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Vina Plains Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2056 California, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Emblem of

Massachusetts

Prey / Diet

Acris crepitans (Northern Cricket Frog)[4]
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)[5]
Anaxyrus woodhousii woodhousii (Rocky Mountain Toad)[4]
Ascaphus truei (Tailed Frog)[6]
Calosoma scrutator (Fiery searcher)[5]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[5]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[5]
Hyla chrysoscelis (Cope's Gray Treefrog)[4]
Lithobates blairi (Plains Leopard Frog)[4]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[4]
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)[5]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[5]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[5]
Microtus ochrogaster (prairie vole)[4]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[5]
Osteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban Treefrog)[6]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[5]
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)[5]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[5]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[5]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[5]
Rana aurora (Northern Red-legged Frog)[6]
Rana cascadae (Cascades Frog)[6]
Rana muscosa (Southern Mountain Yellow-legged Frog)[6]
Taricha granulosa (Rough-skinned Newt)[7]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[5]
Zapus princeps (western jumping mouse)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aegolius acadicus (Northern Saw-whet Owl)3
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)4
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)7
Agkistrodon piscivorus (conanti)2
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)1
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)2
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)5
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)5
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)4
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)2
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)2
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)1
Blarina brevicauda (Northern Short-tailed Shrew)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)9
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)4
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)3
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)6
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)3
Coluber constrictor (Eastern Racer)3
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)5
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))3
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)7
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)6
Dicamptodon copei (Cope's Giant Salamander)1
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)4
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)4
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)1
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)4
Glaucidium gnoma (Northern Pygmy-Owl)1
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)5
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)1
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)2
Lampropeltis calligaster (Prairie Kingsnake)1
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)4
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)3
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)3
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)4
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)1
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)2
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)4
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)5
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)3
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)3
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)4
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)3
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)8
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)2
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)2
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)1
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)2
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)2
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)3
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)1
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)1
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)2
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)7
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)3
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)2
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)4
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)2
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)3
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)3
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)3
Strix varia (Barred Owl)6
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)4
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)3
Thamnophis atratus (Santa Cruz Garter Snake)1
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)3
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)6
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)2
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)3
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)1

Predators

Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[5]
Coluber constrictor (Eastern Racer)[4]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[5]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[5]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[5]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[5]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[5]

Providers

Shelter 
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[5]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[5]
Diphasiastrum digitatum (fan clubmoss)[5]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[5]
Hibiscus moscheutos (crimsoneyed rosemallow)[5]
Lindera benzoin (northern spicebush)[5]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[5]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[5]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[5]
Rosa virginiana (Virginia Rose)[5]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[5]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[5]
Symplocarpus foetidus (Skunk Cabbage)[5]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[5]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[5]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[5]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Macracanthorhynchus ingens[9]
Ophioxenos dienteros[9]
Ophioxenos singularis <Unverified Name>[9]
Rhabdias fuscovenosa[9]
Telorchis corti <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Birmingham Nature Centretetrataenia
Clyde Peeling's Reptilandparietalis
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoosirtalis
Coyote Point Museumtetrataenia
Dakota Zoo
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Centersirtalis
Fresno Chaffee Zootetrataenia
Hutchinson Zooparietalis
Indianapolis Zoosirtalis
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Krakow Aquarium & Natural History Msminfernalis
Maryland Zoo in Baltimoresirtalis
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodztetrataenia
Musee d'Histoire Naturelle de Tournaitetrataenia
Natural History Museum of Adirondackssirtalis
NEW Zoo
North of England Zoological Societytetrataenia
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkparietalis
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevilletetrataenia
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rodbaston Collegetetrataenia
Rotterdam Zootetrataenia
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Francisco Zoological Gardenstetrataenia
Sedgwick County Zooparietalis
Silver Springs Parksirtalis
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Toronto Zooparietalis
Touroparctetrataenia
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Centerparietalis
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctrsirtalis
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munstertetrataenia
Wildlife World Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoo of Antwerptetrataenia
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)sirtalis
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoological Society of Londontetrataenia
Zoologicka zahrada Liberectetrataenia
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzentetrataenia
ZooMontana

Range Map

USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, NW Nevada, N;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Uetz P., , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3A neglected life-history trait: clutch-size variance in snakes, R. Shine and R. A. Seigel, J. Zool. Lond. (1996) 239, 209-223 4Resources of a Snake Community in Prairie-Woodland Habitat of Northeastern Kansas, Henry S. Fitch, U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13: 83-98 (1982) 5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 6Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 7Brodie, Edmund D., III, et al. "Sex-biased predation on newts of the genus Taricha by a novel predator and its relationship with tetrodotoxin toxicity." The American Midland Naturalist 165.2 (2011): 389+. Academic OneFile. Web. 15 July 2014. 8Zapus princeps, E. Blake Hart, Mark C. Belk, Eralee Jordan, and Malinda W. Gonzalez, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 749, pp. 1–7 (2004) 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011