Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Varanidae > Varanus > Varanus exanthematicus

Varanus exanthematicus (Savannah Monitor)

Synonyms: Lacerta exanthematicus; Varanus exanthematicus ocellatus; Varanus ocellatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The savannah monitor (Varanus exanthematicus) is a medium-sized species of monitor lizard native to Africa. The species is known as Bosc's monitor in Europe, since French scientist Louis Bosc first described the species. It belongs to the subgenus Polydaedalus, along with the Nile, the ornate and other monitors.
View Wikipedia Record: Varanus exanthematicus


Adult Weight [1]  78.26 lbs (35.50 kg)
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic Nigeria Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abuko Nature Reserve IV 264 Gambia
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No

Prey / Diet

Madoqua guentheri (Günther's dik-dik)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)1
Aquila verreauxii (Verreaux's Eagle)1
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)1
Caracal caracal (Caracal)1
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)1
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)1
Leptailurus serval (Serval)1
Panthera pardus (Leopard)1
Polemaetus bellicosus (Martial Eagle)1
Python sebae (African Rock Python)1


Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground Hornbill)[3]


Parasitized by 
Duthiersia fimbriata[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Akron Zoological Park
Al Ain Zoo
America's Teaching Zoo
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Berkshire College of Agriculture
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Central Florida Zoological Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Connecticut's Beardsley Zooexanthematicus
Dallas Zoo
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Museum of Science - Live Animal Center
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Reid Park Zoo
Rodbaston College
Scovill Zoo
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Sofia Zoological Gardens
Staten Island Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Tallinn Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Texas Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Philadelphia Zoo
Walford & North Shropshire College
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Wildlife World Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.


Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Uganda, N Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zair;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Madoqua guentheri, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 539, pp. 1-10 (1996)
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access