Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Solanales > Solanaceae > Solanum > Solanum lycopersicum

Solanum lycopersicum (Currant Tomato; Plum-shaped Yellow;; Salad tomato;; New Northern Light;; New Ponderosa;; Early Red Apple; Cherry tomato; Cherry fruited tomato; Golden Sunrise; Garden tomato;; Livingston's Beauty;; Red pear tomato; Love apple;; New Golden Peach;; Potato Leaf;; Red cherry tomato; Common tomato; Wild tomato;; Emperor; Dwarf Champion; Lorillard;; New Paragon;; Optimus;; Large Yellow;; Puritan;; Early Ruby; cherry tomatoes; Atlantic Prize; Canada Victor; Earliest All; Meikado W Turner Hybrid;; Livingston's Buckeye State;; Livingston's Dwarf Aristocrat;; Early Advance; Livingston's Favorite;; Livingston's Perfection;; Livingston's Round Red;; Red Pear Shaped;; Red Cherry;; Essex Hybrid; New Meeten;; Livingstone's Golden Queen;; Jeho nan tera sal (wild tomato);; Fan; Livingstone's Garden Ball;; Paragon;; Ornament dwarf tomato;; Greer's Selected Trophy;; King Hemmbert;; Red Cherry Tomato;; Extra Early; Thurburn's Longkeeper;; The Hervey;; Thuburn's Lemon Blush;; Thuburn's New Jersey;; Thuburn's Terracotta;; Tomato "sugar";; Tomato Atlantic Prize;; Tomato Buckeye State;; Tomato Dwarf Champion;; Tomato Henderson's Crimson Cushion;; Tomato Large Round Yellow;; Tomato Livigstone's Favorite;; Tomato Livingston's Perfection;; Tomato Livingstone's Beauty;; Tomato Pear Shaped Red;; Tomato Ponderosa;; Tomato Stone;; Tomato;; tomatoes; Volunteer;; Xitomatl;Jitomate;; Yellow cherry; Yellow Cherry;; Yellow Pear Shaped;)

Synonyms: Amatula flava; Amatula rubra; Lycopersicon cerasiforme; Lycopersicon esculentum; Lycopersicon esculentum subsp. galenii; Lycopersicon esculentum subsp. humboldtii; Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme; Lycopersicon esculentum var. leptophyllum; Lycopersicon galeni; Lycopersicon humboldtii; Lycopersicon lycopersicon; Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. cerasiforme; Lycopersicon pomum-amoris; Lycopersicon pyriforme; Lycopersicon solanum; Lycopersicon solanum-lycopersicum; Scubulon humboldti; Solanum humboldtii; Solanum luridum; Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme; Solanum pomiferum; Solanum pseudolycopersicum; Solanum pyriforme
Language: Aleria Piaguaje - inf; Banda; cantonese; Guamanian name; Ib dialect?; Ifugao; Ifugao dialect; M; Malay; Maya; Nahuatl; Spanish; spanish, Tacana; Tobelorese; Totonaco; Tzeltal; Tzotzil

Wikipedia Abstract

The tomato (see ) is the edible, red fruit of Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant, which belongs to the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The species originated in Central and South America. The Nahuatl (Aztec language) word tomatl gave rise to the Spanish word "tomate", from which the English word tomato originates.
View Wikipedia Record: Solanum lycopersicum


Height [2]  6.6 feet (2 m)
Width [2]  16 inches (0.4 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [4]  Rich
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  All green parts of the plant are poisonous;
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera, Bats
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [2]  The strong aroma of this plant is said to repel insects from nearby plants; A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed. It can be used in making soap; See the notes above regarding utilization. A spray made from tomato leaves is an effective but very poisonous insecticide; It is especially effective against ants; The pulp of the fruit is used cosmetically in face-packs;
View Plants For A Future Record : Solanum lycopersicum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Hackpen Hill 89 England, United Kingdom  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  


Abagrotis alternata (greater red dart)[5]
Acherontia atropos (Death's-head hawk moth)[6]
Acleris variegana (Garden rose tortricid moth)[5]
Acontia porphyrea[5]
Actenicerus sjaelandicus <Unverified Name>[7]
Aculops lycopersici[7]
Agriotes lineatus (lined click beetle)[7]
Agriotes obscurus <Unverified Name>[7]
Agriotes sputator <Unverified Name>[7]
Agrotis gladiaria (claybacked cutworm)[5]
Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)[6]
Agrotis malefida (palesided cutworm)[5]
Agrotis orthogonia (pale western cutworm)[5]
Agrotis radians (Brown Cutworm)[5]
Agrotis repleta[5]
Agrotis subterranea (granulate cutworm)[6]
Agrotis vetusta (Old Man Dart)[5]
Amorbia emigratella (Mexican Leaf-roller)[5]
Anomis flava (Cotton looper)[6]
Anthophora abrupta (miner bee)[8]
Aphis fabae (Bean aphid)[7]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[9]
Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly)[10]
Athous haemorrhoidalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Aulacorthum solani (Foxglove aphid)[6]
Bactericera cockerelli (potato psyllid)[11]
Bemisia tabaci (sweetpotato whitefly)[6]
Bolla brennus[5]
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Carnation Tortrix)[5]
Calyptella campanula[6]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[9]
Chrysodeixis acuta (Tunbridge Wells Gem)[5]
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green garden looper)[5]
Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)[9]
Cuspicona simplex[11]
Dilophus febrilis (Fever Fly)[7]
Discestra trifolii (clover cutworm)[6]
Drosophila busckii[7]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[9]
Empoasca fabae (Potato leafhopper)[6]
Epitrix pubescens <Unverified Name>[7]
Erinnyis ello (Ello Sphinx)[5]
Eriophyes lycopersici <Unverified Name>[7]
Estigmene acrea (saltmarsh caterpillar)[6]
Euplexia lucipara (Small Angle Shades)[5]
Euxoa messoria (darksided cutworm)[5]
Euxoa tessellata (striped cutworm)[5]
Euxoa tritici[5]
Euzophera osseatella[5]
Euzophera perticella[5]
Feltia jaculifera (Dingy cutworm)[5]
Feltia subgothica (Dingy cutworm)[5]
Ferrisia malvastra (grey mealybug)[9]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[9]
Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)[6]
Gilmaniella humicola[6]
Glischrochilus hortensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)[11]
Helicoverpa assulta (Oriental Tobacco Budworm)[5]
Helicoverpa gelotopoeon[5]
Heliothis armigera <Unverified Name>[7]
Heliothis nubigera <Unverified Name>[7]
Hydraecia micacea (potato stem worm)[5]
Hypercompe icasia[5]
Hypercompe indecisa[5]
Icerya aegyptiaca[9]
Keiferia lycopersicella (Tomato Pinworm)[5]
Lacanobia oleracea (Bright-line Brown-Eye Moth)[7]
Lepidosaphes tapleyi (guava long scale)[9]
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)[7]
Leptoglossus zonatus (Large-Legged Bug)[12]
Liriomyza bryoniae[7]
Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)[7]
Loxostege sticticalis[6]
Lycophotia porphyrea (True Lover's Knot)[5]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[9]
Maladera castanea (Asiatic garden beetle)[6]
Mamestra brassicae (Cabbage Moth)[5]
Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm)[5]
Manduca diffissa[5]
Manduca lichenea[5]
Manduca lucetius[5]
Manduca quinquemaculatus (five-spotted hawk moth)[5]
Manduca sexta (Tobacco hornworm)[5]
Mechanitis lysimnia[5]
Mechanitis polymnia (Orange-spotted Tiger Clearwing)[5]
Muscina assimilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Nesidiocoris tenuis[6]
Nezara viridula (Southern green stink bug)[6]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[9]
Noctua pronuba (Large Yellow Underwing Moth)[5]
Papaipema cataphracta (burdock borer)[5]
Paracoccus lycopersici[9]
Pentalonia nigronervosa (banana aphid)[6]
Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm)[7]
Phenacoccus gossypii (Mexican mealybug)[9]
Phenacoccus madeirensis (Mexican mealybug)[9]
Phenacoccus parvus[9]
Phenacoccus solani (solanum mealybug)[9]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[9]
Phthorimaea operculella (Potato tuberworm)[5]
Phycita clientella[5]
Phytomyza horticola <Unverified Name>[7]
Pinnaspis aspidistrae <Unverified Name>[9]
Pinnaspis buxi (bamboo mussel-scale)[9]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[9]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[9]
Platynota stultana (Omnivorous leafroller)[5]
Pnyxia scabiei (potato scab gnat)[7]
Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)[7]
Prodiplosis longifila (citrus gall midge)[13]
Pseudaletia adultera[5]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[9]
Pseudaulacaspis subcorticalis[9]
Pseudococcus dolichomelos (false trochanter mealybug)[9]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[9]
Pseudococcus symoni[9]
Psylliodes affinis[7]
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[14]
Pthorimaea operculella <Unverified Name>[7]
Pulvinaria grabhami (cottony camellia scale)[9]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[9]
Pulvinaria urbicola (urbicola soft scale)[9]
Pyrrharctia isabella (banded woollybear)[6]
Rachiplusia nu[5]
Rhizoecus falcifer (ground mealybug)[9]
Rhizoecus mayanus[9]
Rhopalosiphoninus latysiphon (Potato aphid)[7]
Sceliodes laisalis[7]
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa (humpbacked scorpionfish)[6]
Scrobipalpa ergasima[5]
Scrobipalpula absoluta[5]
Sphinx separatus (Separated Sphinx)[5]
Spilosoma virginica (yellow woollybear)[6]
Spodoptera dolichos[5]
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)[7]
Spodoptera exempta (nutgrass armyworm)[5]
Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm)[6]
Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)[6]
Spodoptera latifascia (Lateral Lined Armyworm)[5]
Spodoptera littoralis (African Cotton Leafworm)[7]
Spodoptera praefica (yellowstripe armyworm)[5]
Stemphylium vesicarium[6]
Strasseria geniculata[6]
Symmetrischema tangolias (South American Potato Tuber Moth)[5]
Tetranychus evansi[6]
Thrips tabaci (Onion thrip)[6]
Trialeurodes vaporariorum (greenhouse whitefly)[7]
Trichocladium asperum[6]
Trichoderma longibrachiatum[6]
Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)[7]
Utetheisa pulchella (Crimson-speckled Flunkey)[5]


Parasitized by 
Aculops lycopersici[6]
Arthrobotrys oligosporus[6]
Golovinomyces orontii[6]
Verticillium nubilum[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault




Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Anthophora abrupta Say (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apidae), Jason R. Graham, Jamie Ellis, Glenn Hall, Catherine Zettel Nalen, University of Florida, December 2011
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
10Atherigona orientalis (Schiner) (Insecta: Diptera: Muscidae), Kenneth L. Hibbard, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry; and William A. Overholt, University of Florida, September 2012
11New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
12Leptoglossus zonatus (Dallas) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coreidae), Amelio A. Chi and Russell F. Mizell, III, University of Florida, April 2012
13Prodiplosis longifila Gagné (Insecta: Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), J. E. Peña, University of Florida; and F.W. Mead, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, July 1998. Latest revision: May 2011
14Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997)
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access