Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Hymenoptera > Vespoidea > Vespidae > Vespula > Vespula maculifrons

Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)

Synonyms: Vespa flavida; Vespa maculifrons; Vespula inexpectata

Wikipedia Abstract

The eastern yellow jacket or eastern yellowjacket (Vespula maculifrons) is a wasp found in eastern North America. Although most of their nests are subterranean, they are often considered a pest due to their nesting in recreational areas and buildings. This yellow jacket is a social insect, living in colonies of hundreds to thousands of individuals. Along with their subfamily, Vespinae, this species demonstrates supportive parental care for offspring, separation of reproductive and sterile castes, and overlapping generations. They aggressively defend their hives from threats and are known to inflict painful stings.
View Wikipedia Record: Vespula maculifrons


Diet [1]  Omnivore
Hibernates [1]  Yes


Prey / Diet

Apis mellifera (honey bee)[2]
Asclepias syriaca (broadleaf milkweed)[2]
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[2]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[2]
Cichorium intybus (chicory)[2]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[2]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[2]
Ilex opaca (American holly)[2]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[2]
Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper)[2]


Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)[2]
Anax junius (green darner)[2]
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)[2]
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[2]
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)[2]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[2]
Diogmites discolor[3]
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)[2]
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)[2]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[2]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[2]
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)[2]
Misumena vatia (flower spider)[2]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[2]
Neoitamus flavofemoratus <Unverified Name>[3]
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)[2]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[2]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[2]
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)[2]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[2]
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)[2]


Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[2]
Salix nigra (black willow)[2]


Pollinator of 
Cichorium intybus (chicory)[2]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[2]
Ilex opaca (American holly)[2]



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
3Predator-Prey Database for the family Asilidae (Hexapoda: Diptera) Prepared by Dr. Robert Lavigne, Professor Emeritus, University of Wyoming, USA and Dr. Jason Londt (Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg)
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access