Animalia > Arthropoda > Malacostraca > Euphausiacea > Euphausiidae > Euphausia > Euphausia superba
 

Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill; Krill)

Language: Danish; Dutch; French; German; Italian; Portuguese; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) is a species of krill found in the Antarctic waters of the Southern Ocean. It is a small, swimming crustacean that lives in large schools, called swarms, sometimes reaching densities of 10,000–30,000 individual animals per cubic metre. It feeds directly on minute phytoplankton, thereby using the primary production energy that the phytoplankton originally derived from the sun in order to sustain their pelagic (open ocean) life cycle.
View Wikipedia Record: Euphausia superba

Attributes

Speed [1]  3.36 MPH (1.5 m/s)

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Antarctomysis ohlinii[2]
Calanoides acutus[2]
Eukrohnia hamata[2]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[2]
Metridia gerlachei[2]
Microcalanus pygmaeus[2]
Pelagobia longicirrata[2]
Primno macropa[2]
Pseudosagitta gazellae[2]
Salpa thompsoni[2]
Thysanoessa macrura[2]

Predators

Aetideopsis antarctica[2]
Alacia belgicae[2]
Alacia hettacra[2]
Amblyraja georgiana (Antarctic starry skate)[2]
Antarctomysis maxima[2]
Antarctomysis ohlinii[2]
Aphrodroma brevirostris (Kerguelen Petrel)[3]
Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)[4]
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)[2]
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)[5]
Artedidraco mirus (South Georgian plunderfish)[2]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[2]
Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Antarctic Minke Whale)[6]
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)[2]
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)[2]
Bathydraco marri (Deepwater dragon)[7]
Benthosema suborbitale (Smallfin lanternfish)[2]
Boroecia antipoda[2]
Calanus propinquus[2]
Callianira antarctica[8]
Cephalophanes frigidus[2]
Chaenocephalus aceratus (Scotian icefish)[9]
Chaenodraco wilsoni (Spiny icefish)[2]
Champsocephalus esox (Pike icefish)[10]
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)[9]
Chionodraco hamatus (Crocodile icefish)[2]
Chionodraco myersi (Myers' icefish)[2]
Chionodraco rastrospinosus (Ocellated icefish)[2]
Conchoecissa imbricata[2]
Cryodraco antarcticus (Long-fingered icefish)[2]
Cryothenia peninsulae (Pithead)[2]
Ctenocalanus citer[2]
Cygnodraco mawsoni (Mawson's dragonfish)[11]
Cyllopus lucasii[2]
Cyphocaris faurei[2]
Cyphocaris richardi[2]
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)[12]
Diaphus effulgens (Lanternfish)[2]
Diaphus hudsoni (Hudson's lanternfish)[2]
Diaphus luetkeni (Luetken's lanternfish)[2]
Diaphus meadi (Mead's lanternfish)[2]
Diaphus taaningi (Taaning's lanternfish)[2]
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)[2]
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)[4]
Dissostichus mawsoni (Antarctic blenny)[4]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[2]
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)[9]
Electrona paucirastra (Belted lanternfish)[2]
Electrona subaspera (Rough lanternfish)[2]
Epimeriella macronyx[2]
Euchirella rostromagna[2]
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)[9]
Eukrohnia hamata[2]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[2]
Eurythenes gryllus[2]
Eurythenes obesus[2]
Eusirus microps[2]
Eusirus perdentatus[2]
Farrania frigida[2]
Filippovia knipovitchi (Smooth Hooked Squid)[2]
Fregetta tropica (Black-bellied Storm Petrel)[2]
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)[12]
Gaetanus kruppii[2]
Gaetanus simplex[2]
Gaetanus tenuispinus[2]
Gerlachea australis (Antarctic dragonfish)[2]
Gobionotothen angustifrons (Narrowhead rockcod)[10]
Gobionotothen gibberifrons (Humped rockcod)[10]
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)[11]
Gymnoscopelus bolini (Lanternfish)[2]
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)[13]
Gymnoscopelus fraseri (Lanternfish)[2]
Gymnoscopelus microlampas (Minispotted lanternfish)[2]
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)[14]
Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus (Lanternfish)[14]
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)[12]
Haloptilus ocellatus[2]
Heterorhabdus austrinus[2]
Heterorhabdus farrani[2]
Histiodraco velifer (Plunderfish)[2]
Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal)[2]
Hyperiella dilatata[2]
Hyperiella macronyx[2]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[9]
Krefftichthys anderssoni (Anderson's lanternfish)[2]
Labidiaster annulatus[2]
Lagenorhynchus cruciger (Hourglass Dolphin)[9]
Larus dominicanus (Kelp Gull)[12]
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)[9]
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)[2]
Lindbergichthys nudifrons (Yellowfin notie)[10]
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)[4]
Lucicutia gaussae[2]
Lucicutia macrocera[2]
Lucicutia wolfendeni[2]
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)[12]
Manta birostris (Skeete)[2]
Martialia hyadesi (sevenstar flying squid)[2]
Maupasia coeca[2]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[4]
Metaconchoecia isocheira[2]
Metaconchoecia skogsbergi[2]
Metelectrona herwigi (Herwig lanternfish)[2]
Metridia curticauda[2]
Metridia gerlachei[2]
Microcalanus pygmaeus[2]
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)[2]
Mimocalanus cultrifer[2]
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)[9]
Muraenolepis microps (Smalleye moray cod)[2]
Mysidetes posthon[2]
Nannobrachium achirus (Lantern fish)[2]
Neopagetopsis ionah (Jonah's icefish)[2]
Notolepis coatsi (Antarctic jonasfish)[2]
Notothenia coriiceps (Black rockcod)[2]
Notothenia neglecta (Yellowbelly rockcod)[2]
Notothenia rossii (Marbled rockcod)[2]
Nototheniops larseni (Painted notie)[10]
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)[12]
Oithona frigida[2]
Oithona similis[2]
Oncaea antarctica[2]
Oncaea curvata[2]
Onykia ingens (warty squid)[4]
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)[2]
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)[12]
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)[15]
Pagetopsis macropterus (Crocodile icefish)[2]
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)[12]
Pagothenia borchgrevinki (Bald notothen)[2]
Parachaenichthys georgianus (Antarctic dragonfish)[10]
Paradiplospinus gracilis (Slender escolar)[2]
Paraeuchaeta antarctica[2]
Paraeuchaeta similis[2]
Parandania boecki[2]
Patagonotothen guntheri (Yellowfin notothen)[2]
Pelagobia longicirrata[2]
Pelecanoides georgicus (South Georgia Diving Petrel)[2]
Pelecanoides urinatrix (Common Diving Petrel)[2]
Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)[2]
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)[12]
Pleuragramma antarctica (Antarctic silverfish)[2]
Pleuromamma robusta[2]
Pogonophryne scotti (Plunderfish)[2]
Primno macropa[2]
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)[3]
Protomyctophum andriashevi (Lanternfish)[2]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[2]
Protomyctophum choriodon (Lanternfish)[2]
Protomyctophum luciferum (Lanternfish)[2]
Protomyctophum normani (Norman's lanterrnfish)[2]
Pseudoamallothrix emarginata[2]
Pseudochaenichthys georgianus (South Georgia icefish)[10]
Pseudochirella hirsuta[2]
Pseudochirella mawsoni[2]
Pseudomma belgicae[2]
Pseudosagitta gazellae[2]
Psilodraco breviceps (Antarctic dragonfish)[2]
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)[2]
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)[4]
Pygoscelis antarcticus (Chinstrap Penguin)[12]
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)[12]
Racovitzanus antarcticus[2]
Rhincalanus gigas[2]
Salpa thompsoni[2]
Scolecithricella minor[2]
Sebastes chrysomelas (Rockfish)[2]
Solidosagitta marri[2]
Spinocalanus abyssalis[2]
Spinocalanus magnus[2]
Stephos longipes[2]
Stercorarius maccormicki (South Polar Skua)[12]
Sterna vittata (Antarctic Tern)[12]
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)[16]
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)[12]
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)[4]
Themisto gaudichaudii[2]
Thysanoessa macrura[2]
Tomopteris carpenteri[2]
Tomopteris planktonis[2]
Tomopteris septentrionalis[2]
Trematomus bernacchii (Emerald notothen)[2]
Trematomus eulepidotus (Blunt scalyhead)[2]
Trematomus hansoni (Striped rockcod)[10]
Trematomus lepidorhinus (Slender scalyhead)[2]
Trematomus newnesi (Dusky notothen)[2]
Trematomus nicolai (Spotted notothen)[2]
Trematomus pennellii (Sharp-spined notothen)[2]
Trematomus scotti (Crowned rockcod)[2]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[9]
Vibilia stebbingi[2]
Vomeridens infuscipinnis (Antarctic dragonfish)[17]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Diphyllobothrium procercoid <Unverified Name>[18]

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1"Pelagic Fishes and Their Macroplankton Prey: Swimming Speeds", Sergey M. Ignatyev, Proceedings • Forage Fishes in Marine Ecosystems, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, AK-SG-97-01, 1997, p. 31-39 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3THE DIETS AND DIETARY SEGREGATION OF SEABIRDS AT THE SUBANTARCTIC CROZET ISLANDS, VINCENT RIDOUX, MARINE ORNITHOLOGY Vol. 22 No. 1 1994 4Who's Eating Who 5Geographical variation in the diet of the Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus gazella, R. Casaux, A. Baroni, F. Arrighetti, A. Ramón, A. Carlini, Polar Biol (2003) 26: 753–758 6Feeding Habits and Prey Consumption of Antarctic Minke Whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis) in the Southern Ocean, Tsutomu Tamura and Kenji Konishi, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 42: 13–25 7Feeding habits of Bathydraco marri (Pisces, Notothenioidei, Bathydraconidae) from the Ross Sea, Antarctica, Mario La Mesa, Joseph T. Eastman, Priscilla Licandro, Polar Biol (2007) 30:541–547 8Feeding ecology and metabolism of the Antarctic cydippid ctenophore Callianira antarctica, Kerri M. Scolardi, Kendra L. Daly, Evgeny A. Pakhomov, Joseph J. Torres, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 317: 111–126, 2006 9Towards the trophic structure of the Bouvet Island marine ecosystem, U. Jacob, T. Brey, I. Fetzer, S. Kaehler, K. Mintenbeck, K. Dunton, K. Beyer, U. Struck , E.A. Pakhomov and W.E. Arntz, Polar Biology, 29 (2). pp. 106-113 (2006) 10Trophic Ecology and Structure of Coastal Antarctic Fish Communities, Timothy E. Targett, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 4: 243-263, 1981 11Diet of two Antarctic dragonfish (Pisces: Bathydraconidae) from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean, EVGENY A. PAKHOMOV, Antarctic Science 10 (1): 55-61 (1998) 12DENSITIES OF ANTARCTIC SEABIRDS AT SEA AND THE PRESENCE OF THE KRILL EUPHAUSIA SUPERBA, BRYAN S. OBST, The Auk 102: 540-549. July 1985 13Feeding ecology of myctophid fishes in the northern Scotia Sea, R. S. Shreeve, M. A. Collins, G. A. Tarling, C. E. Main, P. Ward, N. M. Johnston, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 386: 221–236, 2009 14Prey composition and daily rations of myctophid fishes in the Southern Ocean, E. A. Pakhomov, R. Perissinotto, C. D. McQuaid, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 134: 1-14, 1996 15Food and feeding ecology of the sympatric thin-billed Pachyptila belcheri and Antarctic P. desolata prions at Iles Kerguelen, Southern Indian Ocean, Yves Cherel, Pierrick Bocher, Claude De Broyer, Keith A. Hobson, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 228: 263–281, 2002 16Exploitation of mesoscale oceanographic features by grey-headed albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma in the southern Indian Ocean, D. C. Nel, J. R. E. Lutjeharms, E. A. Pakhomov, I. J. Ansorge, P. G. Ryan, N. T. W. Klages, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, Vol. 217: 15–26, 2001 17Biology of the Antarctic dragonfish Vomeridens infuscipinnis (Notothenioidei: Bathydraconidae), KRISTEN L. KUHN, THOMAS J. NEAR, H. WILLIAM DETRICH III and JOSEPH T. EASTMAN, Antarctic Science 23(1), 18–26 (2011) 18Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access