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Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill; Noorse krill)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Northern krill, Meganyctiphanes norvegica, is a species of krill that lives in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is an important component of the zooplankton, providing food for whales, fish and birds. M. norvegica is the only species recognised in the genus Meganyctiphanes, although it has been known by several synonyms: Euphausia intermedia Euphausia lanei Meganyctiphanes calmani Nyctiphanes norvegicus Thysanopoda norvegica
View Wikipedia Record: Meganyctiphanes norvegica

Attributes

Speed [1]  0.17 MPH (.075 m/s)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  

Ecosystems

Predators

Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)[2]
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)[2]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[2]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[2]
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)[2]
Aristeus antennatus (blue and red shrimp)[3]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[4]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[2]
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)[2]
Chlorophthalmus agassizi (Green-eye)[5]
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte's Gull)[6]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[2]
Coryphaenoides rupestris (Roundnose grenadier)[7]
Epigonus telescopus (Telescope cardinal)[8]
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)[7]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[9]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[8]
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)[10]
Hoplostethus mediterraneus (Mediterranean redfish)[5]
Illex coindetii (southern shortfin squid)[11]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[12]
Lampanyctus pusillus (Pygmy lanternfish)[13]
Lepidopus caudatus (Southern frostfish)[8]
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)[2]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[2]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[2]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[8]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[14]
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)[2]
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)[15]
Paromola cuvieri (Crab)[16]
Pasiphaea multidentata (pink glass shrimp)[17]
Periphylla periphylla (Crown jellyfish)[18]
Phycis chesteri (Longfin hake)[2]
Plesionika martia (golden shrimp)[19]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[2]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[20]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[2]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[2]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[10]
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)[2]
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)[2]
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)[6]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[11]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[2]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[21]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Brinton E., Ohman M.D., Townsend A.W., Knight M.D. & Bridgeman A.L., 2002-11-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1"Pelagic Fishes and Their Macroplankton Prey: Swimming Speeds", Sergey M. Ignatyev, Proceedings • Forage Fishes in Marine Ecosystems, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, AK-SG-97-01, 1997, p. 31-39 2Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 3Feeding ecology of the deep-water aristeid crustacean Aristeus antennatus, J. E. Cartes, F. Sardà, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 54: 229-238, 1989 4Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244 5Feeding ecology of deep fishes in the Le Danois Bank (Cantabrian Sea, North Spain), Preciado, I., Cartes, J., Velasco, F., Olaso, I., Serrano, A., Frutos, I., Sánchez, F., nternational Symposium on Oceanography of the Bay of Biscay (Vigo, Spain) (2006) 6FEEDING ECOLOGY OF NONBREEDING POPULATIONS OF LARIDS OFF DEER ISLAND, NEW BRUNSWICK, B. M. BRAUNE AND D. E. GASKIN, The Auk 99: 67-76. January 1982 7Predator-Prey Relationships and Food Sources of the Skagerrak Deep-Water Fish Assemblage, O. A. Bergstad, Å. D. Wik and Ø. Hildre, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 31, 2003, pp. 165-180 8Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 9Feeding habits of grey gurnard, Eutrigla gurnardus (L., 1758), along the Catalan coast (northwestern Mediterranean), R. Moreno-Amich, Hydrobiologia 273: 57-66, 1994. 10Feeding ecology of demersal elasmobranchs from the shelf and slope off the Balearic Sea (western Mediterranean), MARIA VALLS, ANTONI QUETGLAS, FRANCESC ORDINES and JOAN MORANTA, Scientia Marina 75(4) December 2011, 633-639, Barcelona (Spain) 11CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 12Feeding Spectrum and Trophic Relationships of Short-finned Squid (Illex illecebrosus) in the Northwest Atlantic, Yu. M. Froerman, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 7: 67-75 (1984) 13Bernal, Ainhoa, M. Pilar Olivar, and M. Luz Fernandez de Puelles. "Feeding patterns of Lampanyctus pusillus (Pisces: Myctophidae) throughout its ontogenetic development." Marine Biology 160.1 (2013): 81+. Academic OneFile. Web. 14 July 2014. 14A comparative study of the feeding ecology of Nephrops norvegicus (L.), (Decapoda: Nephro- pidae) in the bathyal Mediterranean and the adjacent Atlantic, MARGARIDA CRISTO and JOAN E. CARTES, SCI. MAR., 62 (Supl. 1): 81-90 15Davoren, G.K., et al. "Diets and distributions of Leach's storm-petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) before and after an ecosystem shift in the Northwest Atlantic." Canadian Journal of Zoology 87.9 (2009): 787+. Academic OneFile. Web. 15 July 2014. 16Diets of deep-sea brachyuran crabs in the Western Mediterranean Sea, J. E. Cartes, Marine Biology 117, 449-457 (1993) 17Feeding habits of pasiphaeid shrimps close to the bottom on the Western Mediterranean slope, J. E. Cartes, Marine Biology 117, 459-468 (1993) 18Swimming and feeding in Periphylla periphylla (Scyphozoa, Coronatae), Tom A. Sørnes, Aino Hosia, Ulf Båmstedt, Dag L. Aksnes, Mar Biol (2008) 153:653–659 19Diets of deep-water pandalid shrimps on the Western Mediterranean slope, J. E. Cartes, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 96: 49-61, 1993 20Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 21Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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