Animalia > Arthropoda > Malacostraca > Euphausiacea > Euphausiidae > Meganyctiphanes > Meganyctiphanes norvegica
 

Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill; Noorse krill)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Northern krill, Meganyctiphanes norvegica, is a species of krill that lives in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is an important component of the zooplankton, providing food for whales, fish and birds. (In the Southern Ocean, Antarctic krill Euphausia superba fills a similar role.) M.
View Wikipedia Record: Meganyctiphanes norvegica

Attributes

Speed [1]  0.17 MPH (.075 m/s)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Calanus finmarchicus[2]
Calanus glacialis[2]
Calanus hyperboreus[2]
Metridia longa[2]
Neocalanus tonsus[2]
Oithona spinirostris[2]

Predators

Alepocephalus bairdii (Baird's smoothhead)[2]
Alepocephalus rostratus (Risso's smooth-head)[2]
Alle alle (Little Auk)[2]
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)[3]
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)[3]
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)[2]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Ammodytes americanus (inshore sand lance)[2]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[2]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[3]
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)[2]
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)[3]
Aristeus antennatus (blue and red shrimp)[4]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[5]
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)[2]
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)[2]
Benthosema glaciale (Large-eyed froghead)[2]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[2]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[3]
Capros aper (cuckoofish)[2]
Carcharhinus altimus (Knopp's shark)[2]
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)[2]
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)[3]
Chelidonichthys cuculus (cockoo gurnard)[2]
Chlorophthalmus agassizi (Green-eye)[6]
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte's Gull)[7]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Coelorinchus occa (Swordsnout grenadier)[2]
Coryphaenoides rupestris (Roundnose grenadier)[8]
Cyclopterus lumpus (Lumpsucker)[2]
Dasyatis say (Say's stingray)[2]
Epigonus telescopus (Telescope cardinal)[9]
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)[8]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[10]
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)[2]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[9]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[2]
Gaidropsarus argentatus (Treebearded rockling)[2]
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)[11]
Halargyreus johnsonii (dainty more)[2]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[2]
Hoplostethus mediterraneus (Mediterranean redfish)[6]
Illex coindetii (southern shortfin squid)[12]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[13]
Lampanyctus pusillus (Pygmy lanternfish)[14]
Lepidopus caudatus (Southern frostfish)[9]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[2]
Lycenchelys kolthoffi (Checkered wolf eel)[2]
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)[2]
Malacocephalus laevis (Softhead grenadier)[2]
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)[3]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[2]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[2]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[3]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[2]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[9]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[15]
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)[3]
Notoscopelus kroyeri (Lanternfish)[2]
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)[16]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[2]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[2]
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)[2]
Paromola cuvieri (Crab)[17]
Pasiphaea multidentata (pink glass shrimp)[18]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[2]
Periphylla periphylla (Crown jellyfish)[19]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[2]
Phycis chesteri (Longfin hake)[3]
Plesionika martia (golden shrimp)[20]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[2]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[2]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[3]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[21]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[2]
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)[2]
Regalecus glesne (Giant oarfish)[2]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[2]
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)[2]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[3]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[3]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[11]
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)[3]
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)[3]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[2]
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)[2]
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)[7]
Synaphobranchus kaupii (Gray's cutthroat)[2]
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)[2]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[2]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[12]
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)[2]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[2]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[3]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[3]
Xenodermichthys copei (bluntsnout smoothhead)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[22]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1"Pelagic Fishes and Their Macroplankton Prey: Swimming Speeds", Sergey M. Ignatyev, Proceedings • Forage Fishes in Marine Ecosystems, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, AK-SG-97-01, 1997, p. 31-39 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 4Feeding ecology of the deep-water aristeid crustacean Aristeus antennatus, J. E. Cartes, F. Sardà, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 54: 229-238, 1989 5Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244 6Feeding ecology of deep fishes in the Le Danois Bank (Cantabrian Sea, North Spain), Preciado, I., Cartes, J., Velasco, F., Olaso, I., Serrano, A., Frutos, I., Sánchez, F., nternational Symposium on Oceanography of the Bay of Biscay (Vigo, Spain) (2006) 7FEEDING ECOLOGY OF NONBREEDING POPULATIONS OF LARIDS OFF DEER ISLAND, NEW BRUNSWICK, B. M. BRAUNE AND D. E. GASKIN, The Auk 99: 67-76. January 1982 8Predator-Prey Relationships and Food Sources of the Skagerrak Deep-Water Fish Assemblage, O. A. Bergstad, Å. D. Wik and Ø. Hildre, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 31, 2003, pp. 165-180 9Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 10Feeding habits of grey gurnard, Eutrigla gurnardus (L., 1758), along the Catalan coast (northwestern Mediterranean), R. Moreno-Amich, Hydrobiologia 273: 57-66, 1994. 11Feeding ecology of demersal elasmobranchs from the shelf and slope off the Balearic Sea (western Mediterranean), MARIA VALLS, ANTONI QUETGLAS, FRANCESC ORDINES and JOAN MORANTA, Scientia Marina 75(4) December 2011, 633-639, Barcelona (Spain) 12CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 13Feeding Spectrum and Trophic Relationships of Short-finned Squid (Illex illecebrosus) in the Northwest Atlantic, Yu. M. Froerman, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 7: 67-75 (1984) 14Bernal, Ainhoa, M. Pilar Olivar, and M. Luz Fernandez de Puelles. "Feeding patterns of Lampanyctus pusillus (Pisces: Myctophidae) throughout its ontogenetic development." Marine Biology 160.1 (2013): 81+. Academic OneFile. Web. 14 July 2014. 15A comparative study of the feeding ecology of Nephrops norvegicus (L.), (Decapoda: Nephro- pidae) in the bathyal Mediterranean and the adjacent Atlantic, MARGARIDA CRISTO and JOAN E. CARTES, SCI. MAR., 62 (Supl. 1): 81-90 16Davoren, G.K., et al. "Diets and distributions of Leach's storm-petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) before and after an ecosystem shift in the Northwest Atlantic." Canadian Journal of Zoology 87.9 (2009): 787+. Academic OneFile. Web. 15 July 2014. 17Diets of deep-sea brachyuran crabs in the Western Mediterranean Sea, J. E. Cartes, Marine Biology 117, 449-457 (1993) 18Feeding habits of pasiphaeid shrimps close to the bottom on the Western Mediterranean slope, J. E. Cartes, Marine Biology 117, 459-468 (1993) 19Swimming and feeding in Periphylla periphylla (Scyphozoa, Coronatae), Tom A. Sørnes, Aino Hosia, Ulf Båmstedt, Dag L. Aksnes, Mar Biol (2008) 153:653–659 20Diets of deep-water pandalid shrimps on the Western Mediterranean slope, J. E. Cartes, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 96: 49-61, 1993 21Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 22Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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