The Gorgan mountain salamander is restricted to a single cave and stream in the mountains of northern Iran. It lives almost entirely in water, feeding on invertebrates and breeding in a long, narrow pool within the Shir-Abad cave. During mating, the female produces paired arc-shaped, gelatinous egg sacs, each containing 35-70 eggs. The male grasps these and fertilises them externally. There are only around 100 breeding adults remaining, and all are threatened by a restricted distribution and numerous visitors each year to the Shir-Abad cave. The is some question regarding whether the Gorgan mountain salamander is a separate species, or a local population of the Persia mountain salamander (Paradactylodon persicus).
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)