The Paghman mountain salamander is entirely water-dwelling and restricted to three tributaries of the Paghman stream drainage system. The stream is fed by melting glaciers and this species seems to prefer cold, fast-flowing water below 14°C. Fertilisation of paired egg sacs is external, and these sacs are attached to the underside of rocks and guarded by the males. The wild population is now only 1,000-2,000 individuals and is declining at lower elevations. It is threatened by irrigation reducing stream flow, livestock grazing, human/livestock traffic, and stream damming to provide water for Kabul. The impact of the war in Afghanistan is not known, but it makes current conservation action and surveys very difficult.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 20.05
EDGE Score: 5.82