Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Bufonidae > Anaxyrus > Anaxyrus terrestris

Anaxyrus terrestris (Southern Toad)

Synonyms: Buffo clamosus; Bufo erythronotus; Bufo lentiginosus lentiginosus; Bufo lentiginosus pachycephalus; Bufo terrestris; Rana lentiginosa; Rana terrestris

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern toad (Bufo terrestris or Anaxyrus terrestris) is a true toad native to the southeastern United States, from eastern Louisiana and southeastern Virginia south to Florida. It often lives in areas with sandy soils. It is nocturnal and spends the day in a burrow. Its coloring is usually brown but can be red, gray, or black. It is approximately 8 cm (3 inches) long.
View Wikipedia Record: Anaxyrus terrestris

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.55
EDGE Score: 1.71


Adult Weight [1]  19 grams
Gestation [1]  3 days
Litter Size [1]  3,250
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Snout to Vent Length [2]  4.6 inches (11.63 cm)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Caroline National Memorial III 137 Florida, United States
Fort Matanzas National Monument III 269 Florida, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  

Prey / Diet

Lithobates heckscheri (River Frog)[3]


Atelerix albiventris (Four-toed Hedgehog)[3]
Hemiechinus auritus (Long-eared Hedgehog)[3]


Parasitized by 
Cylindrotaenia americana <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Central Florida Zoological Park
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Dallas Zoo
Detroit Zoological Society
Florida Aquarium
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoo
South Carolina Aquarium
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Virginia Zoological Park

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
3Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access