Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Bufonidae > Rhinella > Rhinella marina
 

Rhinella marina (Cane Toad)

Synonyms: Bombinator maculatus; Bufo agua; Bufo albicans; Bufo angustipes; Bufo brasiliensis; Bufo horribilis; Bufo horridus; Bufo humeralis; Bufo lazarus; Bufo marinus; Bufo pithecodactylus; Chaunus marinus; Rana marina; Rhinella marinus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Cane Toad (Bufo marinus), also known as the Giant Neotropical Toad or Marine Toad, is a large, terrestrial true toad which is native to Central and South America, but has been introduced to various islands throughout Oceania and the Caribbean. It is a member of the subgenus Rhinella of the genus Bufo, which includes many different true toad species found throughout Central and South America. The cane toad is a prolific breeder; females lay single-clump spawns with thousands of eggs.
View Wikipedia Record: Rhinella marina

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
13
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.14
EDGE Score: 1.64

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  106 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  2 days
Litter Size [1]  10,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Admiralty Islands lowland rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Louisiade Archipelago rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mindanao montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
New Britain-New Ireland montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Andean páramo Ecuador, Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Solomon Islands rain forests Solomon Islands Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern Papuan rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Trobriand Islands rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
American Memorial Park   Saipan, Northern Mariana Island  
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Bosawás Biosphere Reserve National Resource Reserve VI 1808157 Nicaragua  
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Ocote Ecological Reserve Biosphere Reserve VI 251855 Chiapas, Mexico  
El Parque Estatal Lagunas de Yalahau Wetland Reserve   Yucatan, Mexico  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Haleakala National Park II   Hawaii, United States
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Kalaupapa National Historic Site V 9746 Hawaii, United States  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
National Park of American Samoa II   American Samoa, United States    
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras        
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru        
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Victoria-Mayaro Forest Reserve 132764 Trinidad and Tobago  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Cerrado Brazil No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Predators

Drymarchon corais (Indigo Snake)[3]
Theraphosa blondi (Goliath birdeating tarantula)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus correalimai[5]
Acanthocephalus lutzi[5]
Aplectana hoffmani <Unverified Name>[5]
Aplectana hylambatis <Unverified Name>[5]
Aplectana incerta <Unverified Name>[5]
Aplectana itzocanensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Aplectana membranosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Aplectana vellardi <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillaria petiti <Unverified Name>[5]
Catadiscus cohni <Unverified Name>[5]
Centrorhynchus cystacanth <Unverified Name>[5]
Cephalogonimus americanus[5]
Choanocotyle elegans <Unverified Name>[5]
Choledocystus elegans <Unverified Name>[5]
Choledocystus hepaticus <Unverified Name>[5]
Choledocystus intermedius <Unverified Name>[5]
Choledocystus vesicalis <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum attenuatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum metacercaria <Unverified Name>[5]
Cosmocerca brasiliense <Unverified Name>[5]
Cosmocerca parva <Unverified Name>[5]
Creptotrema lynchi <Unverified Name>[5]
Cruzia empera <Unverified Name>[5]
Cruzia morleyi <Unverified Name>[5]
Cylindrotaenia americana <Unverified Name>[5]
Distoichometra bufonis <Unverified Name>[5]
Dolichosaccus helocirrus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dolichosaccus juvenilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Dolichosaccus symmetrus <Unverified Name>[5]
Falcaustra mascula <Unverified Name>[5]
Glypthelmins intermedia <Unverified Name>[5]
Glypthelmins linguatula <Unverified Name>[5]
Glypthelmins palmipedis <Unverified Name>[5]
Glypthelmins poncedeleoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Glypthelmins robustus <Unverified Name>[5]
Glypthelmins vesicalis <Unverified Name>[5]
Gorgoderina cryptorchis <Unverified Name>[5]
Gorgoderina diaster <Unverified Name>[5]
Gorgoderina megalorchis <Unverified Name>[5]
Gorgoderina parvicava <Unverified Name>[5]
Gorgoderina rochalimai[5]
Haematoloechus fuelleborni <Unverified Name>[5]
Haematoloechus medioplexus <Unverified Name>[5]
Icosiella neglecta <Unverified Name>[5]
Johnpearsonia pearsoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Langeronia macrocirrus <Unverified Name>[5]
Langeronia provitellaria <Unverified Name>[5]
Loxogenes macrocirra <Unverified Name>[5]
Maxvachonia flindersi <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesocoelium danforthi <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesocoelium incognitum <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesocoelium mesembrinum <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesocoelium monas[5]
Mesocoelium sociale <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesocoelium travassosi <Unverified Name>[5]
Moniliformis moniliformis[5]
Nematotaenia dispar <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematotaenia hylae <Unverified Name>[5]
Neocruzia morleyi <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella albareti <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella caballeroi <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella chiapensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella complicata <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella convoluta <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella digiticauda <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella dufourae <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella figueroai <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella guyanensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella lamothei <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella nanolarvata <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella oumari <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella royi <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochoterenella vellardi <Unverified Name>[5]
Oswaldocruzia albareti <Unverified Name>[5]
Oswaldocruzia lopezi <Unverified Name>[5]
Oswaldocruzia mazzai <Unverified Name>[5]
Oswaldocruzia pipiens <Unverified Name>[5]
Oswaldocruzia subauriculatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Oswaldocruzia taranchoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Oswaldocruzia venezuelensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Oxyascaris similis <Unverified Name>[5]
Oxysomatium itzocanensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Paraoxyascaris travassosi <Unverified Name>[5]
Parapharyngodon kartana <Unverified Name>[5]
Parapseudopolystoma cerrocoloradensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Parathelandros mastigurus <Unverified Name>[5]
Physaloptera Travassos <Unverified Name>[5]
Porrorchis hylae[5]
Proteocephalus bonariensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Pseudoacanthocephalus bufonis[5]
Pteroxyascaris similis <Unverified Name>[5]
Raillietiella orientalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Rhabdias fuelleborni <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhabdias hylae <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhabdias sphaerocephala <Unverified Name>[5]
Schistosoma mansoni[5]
Sigmapera cincta <Unverified Name>[5]
Sparganum mansoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Spirometra erinacei <Unverified Name>[5]
Spirometra mansoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia filariformis <Unverified Name>[5]
Zeylanurotrema spearei <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Akron Zoological Park
Albuquerque Biological Park
Amazon World
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Biodome de Montreal
Birmingham Zoo
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Brandywine Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brent Lodge Park Animal Centre
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoo
Central Park Zoo
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Clyde Peeling's Reptiland
Columbian Park Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dakota Zoo
Dallas World Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Erie Zoological Gardens
Flamingo Land LTD
Florida Aquarium
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Plains Zoo
Greenville Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Helsinki Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Indianapolis Zoo
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
John Ball Zoological Garden
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Moscow Zoological Park
Museum of Science - Live Animal Center
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Newark Museum Association
Newport Aquarium
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Paradise Wildlife Park
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Perth Zoological Gardens
Prospect Park Zoo
Pueblo Zoo
Racine Zoological Gardens
Randers Regnskov
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Red River Zoo
Riga Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rodbaston College
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Sacramento Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Scovill Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Seneca Park Zoo
Shuttleworth College Animal Centre
Silver Springs Park
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Staten Island Zoo
Szeged Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Tennessee Aquarium
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Toronto Zoo
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wildlife World Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Zürich
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
ZooMontana

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Ha&#769;bitos alimentares de serpentes em Espiga&#771;o do Oeste, Rondo&#770;nia, Brasil, Paulo Sérgio Bernarde & Augusto Shinya Abe, Biota Neotrop., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 167-173 (2010) 4Predation on amphibians by spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) in the Neotropical region, Marcelo Menin, Domingos de Jesus Rodrigues and Clarissa Salette de Azevedo, Phyllomedusa 4(1):39-47, 2005 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011