Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Ballerus > Ballerus sapa

Ballerus sapa (White-eye bream; White-eye; Southwest white-eye)

Synonyms: Abramis sapa; Abramis sapa aralensis; Abramis sapa bergi; Abramis schreibersii; Cyprinus cleveza; Cyprinus kleweza; Cyprinus sapa
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Wikipedia Abstract

White-eye bream (Ballerus sapa) is a fish species of the family Cyprinidae. It is widespread in many large rivers in Europe and Asia in drainages of the Black Sea, Caspian Sea, and Aral Sea. It was introduced to several rivers in northern Russia, in Rhine (in 1995) and invasive in Vistula drainage, coming from the Black Sea basin through the Dnieper–Bug Canal. Freshwater fish are up to 35 cm long.
View Wikipedia Record: Ballerus sapa


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Dolina Dolnego Bugu 183624 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowej Wisly 76054 Poland  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Nadbuzanska 113759 Poland  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[2]
Acanthocephalus lucii[2]
Allocreadium isoporum[2]
Apharyngostrigea cornu[2]
Apophallus muehlingi[2]
Ascocotyle calceostoma <Unverified Name>[2]
Ascocotyle coleostoma[2]
Aspidogaster limacoides[2]
Asymphylodora imitans[2]
Asymphylodora kubanicum[2]
Biacetabulum appendiculatum <Unverified Name>[2]
Bucephalus polymorphus[2]
Capillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[2]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[2]
Caryophyllaeus fimbriceps <Unverified Name>[2]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[2]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[2]
Cucullanus dogieli <Unverified Name>[2]
Dactylogyrus cornoides[2]
Dactylogyrus cornu[2]
Dactylogyrus distinguendus[2]
Dactylogyrus propinquus[2]
Dactylogyrus saurogobii[2]
Dactylogyrus sphyrna[2]
Dactylogyrus wunderi[2]
Diplostomulum clavatum <Unverified Name>[2]
Diplostomum confusus <Unverified Name>[2]
Diplostomum spathaceum[2]
Diplozoon bergi <Unverified Name>[2]
Diplozoon paradoxum[2]
Gryporhynchus cheilancristrotus[2]
Gyrodactylus elegans[2]
Gyrodactylus vimbi <Unverified Name>[2]
Hysteromorpha triloba[2]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[2]
Khawia rossittensis <Unverified Name>[2]
Ligula intestinalis[2]
Metagonimus yokogawai[2]
Monobothrium wageneri <Unverified Name>[2]
Nicolla skrjabini[2]
Opisthorchis felineus[2]
Palaeorchis incognitus <Unverified Name>[2]
Palaeorchis unicus <Unverified Name>[2]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus[2]
Paradilepis scolecina[2]
Paradiplozoon homoion[2]
Paradiplozoon sapae <Unverified Name>[2]
Philometra rischta <Unverified Name>[2]
Phyllodistomum dogieli <Unverified Name>[2]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[2]
Phyllodistomum folium[2]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[2]
Porrocaecum reticulatum <Unverified Name>[2]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[2]
Proteocephalus torulosus[2]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[2]
Rhipidocotyle campanula[3]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[2]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[2]
Tetracotyle variegatus <Unverified Name>[2]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[2]
Tylodelphys clavata[2]


Europe and Asia: large rivers draining to Black, Azov, Caspian and Aral Seas. Introduced or native to Northern Dvina drainage (White Sea basin) where it is presently spreading from warmer upper reaches (Vychegda system) northward. Introduced in River Volkhov (a tributary of Lake Ladoga), in Rhine in 1995 and invasive in Vistula drainage, coming from Black Sea basin through Prypet-Bug canal (connecting Dniepr and Vistula drainages).; Europe and Former USSR: basins of Danube, Dniester, Bug, Dnieper, Don, Kuban, Volga, Kama, Vyatka, Ural and Terek; also in the Volkhov River.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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