Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rosaceae > Rosa > Rosa virginiana

Rosa virginiana (Virginia Rose)

Synonyms: Rosa lucida; Rosa virginica

Wikipedia Abstract

Rosa virginiana, commonly known as the Virginia Rose, Common Wild Rose or Prairie Rose, is a woody perennial in the rose family native to eastern North America, where it is the most common wild rose. It is deciduous, forming a suckering shrub up to 2 metres in height, though often less. The stems are covered in numerous hooked prickles. The leaves are pinnate, usually with between 7 and 9 glossy leaflets.
View Wikipedia Record: Rosa virginiana



Height [2]  4.9 feet (1.5 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [1]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [1]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [1]  Purple
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Red
Fall Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  High
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [1]  4 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Summer
Growth Form [1]  Rhizomatous
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [1]  Moderate
Hazards [2]  There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [1]  16 inches (41 cm)
Scent [2]  The flowers are fragrant;
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Seed Vigor [1]  Medium
Shape/Orientation [1]  Semi-Erect
Structure [2]  Shrub
Usage [2]  Can be grown as a hedge, succeeding in windy positions; The suckering form of this species can be used to fix sand dunes; It also makes a good ground cover;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  Slow
View Plants For A Future Record : Rosa virginiana

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States



Apis mellifera (honey bee)[3]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[3]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[3]
Dolichovespula maculata (baldfaced hornet)[3]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[3]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[3]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[3]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[3]
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)[3]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[3]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[3]
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)[3]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[3]
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)[3]
Nymphalis antiopa[3]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[3]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[3]


Parasitized by 
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)[3]
Podosphaera pannosa[4]
Shelter for 
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[3]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[3]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[3]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[3]
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)[3]
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)[3]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[3]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[3]
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)[3]
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)[3]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[3]
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)[3]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[3]
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)[3]
Nymphalis antiopa[3]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[3]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[3]


Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access