Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rosaceae > Pyracantha > Pyracantha coccinea

Pyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)

Synonyms: Cotoneaster pyracantha; Crataegus dumosa; Crataegus pauciflora; Crataegus pyracantha; Gymnopyrenium pyracantha; Mespilus pauciflora; Mespilus pyracantha; Oxyacantha amygdalifolia; Pyracantha lucida; Pyracantha pauciflora; Pyracantha spinosa; Pyracantha vulgaris; Timbalia pyracantha

Wikipedia Abstract

Pyracantha coccinea, the scarlet firethorn is the European species of firethorn that has been cultivated in gardens since the late 16th century. The tree has small white flowers. It produces small, bright red berries. The fruit is bitter and astringent, making it inedible when raw. The fruit can be cooked to make jellies, jams, sauces and marmalade. It ranges from southern Europe to western Asia. It has been introduced to North America and cultivated there as an ornamental plant since the 18th century. In England, since the late of 18th century, it was used to cover unsightly walls.
View Wikipedia Record: Pyracantha coccinea


Height [3]  13.1 feet (4 m)
Width [3]  13.1 feet (4 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Very Rich
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Orange
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  5 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  18 inches (46 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  None
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  175000 / lb (385809 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Irregular
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  Tolerant of trimming and of reasonable exposure, it can be grown as a hedge; It forms a very spiny barrier;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Pyracantha coccinea

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Delta del Po 61806 Italy  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Volcán Irazú National Park II 4954 Costa Rica
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  


Acrobasis indigenella[4]
Antheraea yamamai (Japanese Silk Moth)[4]
Carcina quercana[4]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[5]
Chionaspis furfura (Harris's bark-louse)[5]
Corythucha cydoniae (hawthorn lace bug)[6]
Phyllocoptes goniothorax <Unverified Name>[7]
Pulvinaria citricola (cottony citrus scale)[5]
Pulvinaria vitis (cottony vine scale)[5]
Rhizoecus americanus[5]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[5]


Parasitized by 
Podosphaera clandestina[8]




Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Corythucha cydoniae (Fitch) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Tingidae), F.W. Mead (retired), Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry; and T.R. Fasulo, University of Florida, May 1999. Latest revision: August 2015
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access