Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Achillea distans > Achillea distans subsp. tanacetifolia
 

Achillea distans subsp. tanacetifolia (Yarrow)

Synonyms: Achillea dentifera; Achillea millefolium tanacetifolia; Achillea rubra; Achillea senecioniflora; Achillea subtanacetifolia; Achillea tanacetifolia; Achillea tanacetifolia tanacetifolia

Attributes

Height [3]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Width [3]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Summer
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Rhizomatous
Growth Period [2]  Spring
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Hazards [3]  Extended use of this plant, either medicinally or in the diet, can cause allergic skin rashes or lead to photosensitivity in some people;
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Propagation [2]  Container, Seed, Sprig
Regrowth Rate [2]  Moderate
Root Depth [2]  8 inches (20 cm)
Scent [3]  The leaves have a pungent aroma, especially when grown in a hot sunny position. The leaves of the cultivar 'Pink' are especially aromatic.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  2852006 / lb (6287603 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Structure [5]  Herb
Usage [3]  The growing plant repels beetles, ants and flies; The plant has been burnt in order to ward off mosquitoes; A liquid plant feed can be made from the leaves; You fill a container with the leaves and then add some water. Leave it to soak for a week or two and then dilute the rather smelly dark liquid, perhaps 10 - 1 with water though this figure is not crucial; This plant is an essential ingredient of 'Quick Return' herbal compost activator; This is a dried and powdered mixture of several herbs that can be added to a compost heap in order to speed up bacterial activity and thus shorten the time needed to make the compost; The fragrant seeds have been used to impart a pleasant smell indoors; An essential oil obtained from the leaves is used medicinally; The leaves contain from 0.6 to 0.85% essential oil; The leaves have been used as a cosmetic cleanser for greasy skin; Yellow and green dyes are obtained from the flowers; A good ground cover plant, spreading quickly by its roots;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow
View Plants For A Future Record : Achillea distans subsp. tanacetifolia

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Border Mires, Kielder – Butterburn 29286 England, United Kingdom
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Inverpolly 29349 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Moorfoot Hills 21001 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rum 26775 Scotland, United Kingdom
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Strathglass Complex 58277 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Predators

Aethes margaritana[6]
Aethes smeathmanniana (Smeathmann's Aethes Moth)[6]
Alcis repandata (Mottled Beauty)[6]
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)[7]
Aphis vandergooti <Unverified Name>[6]
Aporophyla lutulenta (Deep Brown Dart)[6]
Araschnia levana (Map Butterfly)[7]
Aspitates gilvaria (Straw Belle)[6]
Atrococcus achilleae (yarrow mealybug)[8]
Atrococcus cracens (slender mealybug)[8]
Botanophila spinosa[6]
Brachylagus idahoensis (Pygmy Rabbit)[9]
Bruchidius villosus (broom seed beetle)[6]
Bucculatrix capreella[6]
Bucculatrix cristatella[6]
Calocoris roseomaculatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cassida denticollis[6]
Cassida prasina[6]
Cassida stigmatica[7]
Ceuthorhynchidius barnevillei <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceutorhynchus triangulum <Unverified Name>[6]
Cheilosia vernalis[7]
Chlorita viridula[6]
Chrysolina marginata[6]
Chrysolina staphylaea[6]
Cnephasia asseclana (Flax Tortrix Moth)[6]
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)[6]
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)[6]
Coleophora argentula[6]
Coleophora gardesanella[6]
Coleophora trochilella[7]
Coleophora vibicigerella[6]
Coloradoa achilleae[6]
Costelytra zealandica[10]
Craspedolepta nervosa[6]
Cynthia cardui[6]
Dactynotus achilleae <Unverified Name>[6]
Dasineura francoisi <Unverified Name>[6]
Depressaria olerella[6]
Depressaria silesiaca[6]
Dichrorampha gueneeana[6]
Dichrorampha montanana[6]
Dichrorampha petiverella[7]
Dichrorampha plumbagana[6]
Dichrorampha plumbana[6]
Dichrorampha sequana[6]
Dithryca guttularis[6]
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)[7]
Eriococcus cingulatus (Kiritchenko's felt scale)[8]
Eriococcus erinaceus (woolly felt scale)[8]
Eriococcus insignis (remarkable felt scale)[6]
Eriococcus munroi (Munro's felt scale)[8]
Eriococcus pseudinsignis (boreal felt scale)[6]
Eriophyes kiefferi <Unverified Name>[6]
Eriothrix rufomaculatus[7]
Eristalis interrupta[7]
Eristalis rupium[7]
Eupithecia absinthiata (Wormwood Pug)[6]
Eupithecia centaureata (Lime-speck Pug)[6]
Eupithecia goossensiata[6]
Eupithecia icterata (Tawny Speckled Pug Moth)[7]
Eupithecia millefoliata (Yarrow Pug)[6]
Eupithecia satyrata (Satyr Pug Moth)[7]
Eupithecia subfuscata (gray pug)[6]
Eupithecia succenturiata (Bordered Pug)[6]
Eupithecia vulgata (Common Pug Moth)[6]
Eupteryx tenella[6]
Eusomus ovulum[6]
Galeruca tanaceti <Unverified Name>[6]
Gillmeria pallidactyla <Unverified Name>[7]
Gortyna flavago[6]
Haplothrips propinquus <Unverified Name>[6]
Haplothrips setiger[6]
Heliococcus radicicola (pink root mealybug)[8]
Helophilus pendulus (Striped Hover Fly)[7]
Hypocassida subferruginea[6]
Lasioptera francoisi[6]
Lemmiscus curtatus (sagebrush vole)[11]
Liriomyza flavopicta[6]
Liriomyza hampsteadensis[6]
Liriomyza ptarmicae[6]
Longitarsus absynthii <Unverified Name>[6]
Longitarsus atricillus <Unverified Name>[6]
Longitarsus ochroleucus <Unverified Name>[6]
Longitarsus succineus[6]
Lycia zonaria <Unverified Name>[6]
Lygus pratensis (Common Meadow Bug)[7]
Macdunnoughia confusa (Dewick’s Plusia)[6]
Macrolabis achilleae[6]
Macrosiphoniella millefolii[7]
Macrosiphoniella sejuncta[6]
Macrosiphoniella usquertensis[6]
Megalocoleus molliculus[6]
Melanagromyza dettmeri[6]
Mellicta athalia[6]
Microplontus triangulum <Unverified Name>[6]
Microsiphum millefolii[6]
Mordella aculeata <Unverified Name>[7]
Mordellistena parvula <Unverified Name>[6]
Neocrepidodera ferruginea <Unverified Name>[6]
Neocrepidodera transversa <Unverified Name>[6]
Oedemera lurida <Unverified Name>[7]
Olibrus millefolii <Unverified Name>[6]
Ophiomyia curvipalpis[6]
Orthocephalus coriaceus[7]
Otiorhynchus ligustici[6]
Ovis canadensis (bighorn sheep)[12]
Oxyna flavipennis[6]
Ozirhincus millefolii[6]
Pachytodes cerambyciformis[7]
Parasyrphus vittiger <Unverified Name>[7]
Pegohylemyia spinosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Peliococcus turanicus (malicious mealybug)[8]
Phenacoccus pumilus (dwarf mealybug)[8]
Phragmatobia fuliginosa (ruby tiger moth)[6]
Phyllobius vespertinus[6]
Phytocoris varipes[6]
Phytomyza horticola <Unverified Name>[6]
Phytomyza pullula[6]
Phytomyza tanaceti <Unverified Name>[6]
Plagiognathus chrysanthemi[6]
Platyptilia pallidactyla[6]
Pleotrichophorus duponti[6]
Polyommatus icarus (Common Blue Butterfly)[6]
Pseudococcus sorghiellus (trochanter mealybug)[8]
Puto pilosellae (hairy mealybug)[8]
Rhizoecus franconiae (Franconian root mealybug)[8]
Rhopalomyia millefolii[6]
Rhopalomyia ptarmicae[6]
Scathophaga stercoraria (Common Yellow Dung Fly)[7]
Scopula immutata (Lesser Cream Wave Moth)[6]
Scopula marginepunctata (Mullein Wave)[6]
Spermophilus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)[13]
Sphaerophoria scripta[7]
Spilococcus pressus (pressus mealybug)[8]
Stenopterus rufus[7]
Stenotus binotatus (Two-spotted Grass Bug)[7]
Stenurella melanura[7]
Stenurella nigra[7]
Stictopleurus punctatonervosus[7]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[7]
Tephritis crepidis[6]
Thalera fimbrialis (Sussex Emerald)[6]
Thetidia smaragdaria (Essex Emerald)[6]
Thiodia citrana[6]
Thrips pillichi[6]
Thrips tabaci (Onion thrip)[6]
Thrips vulgatissimus[6]
Trama troglodytes[6]
Trichosirocalus barnevillei <Unverified Name>[6]
Trionymus multivorus (polyphagous mealybug)[8]
Trioza abdominalis[6]
Tyria jacobaeae (cinnabar moth)[6]
Xystophora pulveratella[6]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Agathis vulgaris[14]
Allograpta obliqua[15]
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)[7]
Apinops atra <Unverified Name>[15]
Araschnia levana (Map Butterfly)[7]
Archytas analis[15]
Boettcheria cimbicis[15]
Bombias auricomus <Unverified Name>[15]
Cerceris compacta <Unverified Name>[15]
Cerceris rufinoda <Unverified Name>[15]
Chloralictus pilosus <Unverified Name>[15]
Chloralictus versatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Chrysops striatus[15]
Cistogaster occidua <Unverified Name>[15]
Conops brachyrrhynchus <Unverified Name>[15]
Epigrimyia polita[15]
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)[7]
Eriothrix rufomaculatus[7]
Eristalis aeneus <Unverified Name>[15]
Eristalis dimidiatus[15]
Eristalis interrupta[7]
Eristalis rupium[7]
Eristalis tenax (drone fly)[15]
Eristalis transversus <Unverified Name>[15]
Eupeodes americanus (American hover fly)[15]
Gillmeria pallidactyla <Unverified Name>[7]
Gnathias cuneatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Gnophaela vermiculata (Police-Car Moth)[14]
Gymnoclytia immaculata[15]
Gymnosoma fuliginosa <Unverified Name>[15]
Helicobia helicis <Unverified Name>[15]
Helophilus pendulus (Striped Hover Fly)[7]
Leionotus foraminatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Leionotus fulvipes <Unverified Name>[15]
Lucilia sylvarum <Unverified Name>[15]
Mallota cimbiciformis[15]
Megachile petulans[15]
Mesogramma marginata[15]
Mordella aculeata <Unverified Name>[7]
Mordella melaena[15]
Notoglossa americana <Unverified Name>[15]
Notoglossa frontalis <Unverified Name>[15]
Odontalictus ligatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Oedemera lurida <Unverified Name>[7]
Oncodocera leucoprocta <Unverified Name>[15]
Orthoneura nitida <Unverified Name>[15]
Oxybelus packardii <Unverified Name>[15]
Panzeria radicum[14]
Paragus tibialis[15]
Paralictus simplex <Unverified Name>[15]
Parasyrphus vittiger <Unverified Name>[7]
Phorbia acra <Unverified Name>[15]
Phorbia platura <Unverified Name>[15]
Protothyreopus rufifemur <Unverified Name>[15]
Pseudopyrellia cornicina <Unverified Name>[15]
Rhynchocephalus sackeni <Unverified Name>[15]
Sapromyza vulgaris <Unverified Name>[15]
Scathophaga stercoraria (Common Yellow Dung Fly)[7]
Senotainia rubriventris[15]
Senotainia trilineata[15]
Sphaerophoria cylindrica[15]
Sphaerophoria scripta[7]
Synanthedon albicornis (Willow Stem Borer)[14]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[7]
Syrphus ribesii (Summer Fly)[15]
Terellia occidentalis[14]
Thecophora occidensis[15]
Toxophora amphitea[15]
Vanessa atalanta (red admiral)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Cheilosia vernalis[7]
Gillmeria pallidactyla <Unverified Name>[7]
Puccinia cnici-oleracei[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

1 - Europe, ; 1 - Europe, ; 1 - Europe, ; 2 - Africa, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, ; 7 - Northern America, ; 7 - Northern America, ; 7 - Northern America, ; 2 - Africa, 27 - Southern Africa, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 31 - Russian Far East, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, Antipodean Is. (ATP), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Azores (AZO), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Belarus (BLR), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Corse (COR), ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, Chatham Is. (CTM), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Denmark (DEN), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Finland (FIN), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Føroyar (FOR), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), ; 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Hungary (HUN), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Iceland (ICE), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Japan (JAP), ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, Kermadec Is. (KER), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Korea (KOR), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, North Caucasus (NCS), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Netherlands (NET), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Norway (NOR), ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, New Zealand North (NZN), ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, New Zealand South (NZS), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Pakistan (PAK), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Poland (POL), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Portugal (POR), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Romania (ROM), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, East European Russia (RUE), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, North European Russia (RUN), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, South European Russia (RUS), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Northwest European Russia (RUW), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Sardegna (SAR), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Sweden (SWE), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Switzerland (SWI), ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Tasmania (TAS), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Turkey (TUR), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Vietnam (VIE), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, West Siberia (WSB), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), ; 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, Alberta (ABT), Alberta (ABT-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Afghanistan (AFG), Afghanistan (AFG-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Buenos Aires (AGE-BA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), La Pampa (AGE-LP); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Chubut (AGS-CB); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Neuquén (AGS-NE); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Rio Negro (AGS-RN); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Santa Cruz (AGS-SC); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Tierra del Fuego (Argentina) (AGS-TF); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), La Rioja (AGW-LR); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Salta (AGW-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Tucuman (AGW-TU); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Alabama (ALA), Alabama (ALA-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Altay (ALT), Altay (ALT-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., Arizona (ARI), Arizona (ARI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Arkansas (ARK), Arkansas (ARK-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Alaska (ASK), Alaska (ASK-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Austria (AUT-AU); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Austria (AUT-AU); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Liechtenstein (AUT-LI); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Liechtenstein (AUT-LI); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Azores (AZO), Açôres (AZO-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Azores (AZO), Açôres (AZO-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Baleares (BAL), Baleares (BAL-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Belgium (BGM-BE); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Belgium (BGM-BE); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Luxembourg (BGM-LU); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Luxembourg (BGM-LU); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Belarus (BLR), Belarus (BLR-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Estonia (BLT-ES); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Latvia (BLT-LA); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Lithuania (BLT-LI); 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, British Columbia (BRC), British Columbia (BRC-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), Bulgaria (BUL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Paraná (BZS-PR); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Santa Catarina (BZS-SC); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Guizhou (CHC-GZ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Hubei (CHC-HU); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Sichuan (CHC-SC); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Yunnan (CHC-YN); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Hainan (CHH), Hainan (CHH-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Inner Mongolia (CHI), Nei Mongol (CHI-NM); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Inner Mongolia (CHI), Ningxia (CHI-NX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Manchuria (CHM), Heilongjiang (CHM-HJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Manchuria (CHM), Jilin (CHM-JL); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Manchuria (CHM), Liaoning (CHM-LN); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Beijing (CHN-BJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Gansu (CHN-GS); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Hebei (CHN-HB); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Shaanxi (CHN-SA); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Shandong (CHN-SD); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Shanxi (CHN-SX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Tianjin (CHN-TJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Qinghai (CHQ), Qinghai (CHQ-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Anhui (CHS-AH); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Fujian (CHS-FJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Guangdong (CHS-GD); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Guangxi (CHS-GX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Henan (CHS-HE); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Hong Kong (CHS-HK); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Hunan (CHS-HN); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Jiangsu (CHS-JS); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Jiangxi (CHS-JX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Macau (CHS-MA); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Shanghai (CHS-SH); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Zhejiang (CHS-ZJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Tibet (CHT), Tibet (CHT-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Xinjiang (CHX), Xinjiang (CHX-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Biobío (CLC-BI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Coquimbo (CLC-CO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), La Araucania (CLC-LA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Maule (CLC-MA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Santiago (CLC-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Aisén (CLS-AI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Los Lagos (CLS-LL); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Magellanes (CLS-MG); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Connecticut (CNT), Connecticut (CNT-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Colorado (COL), Colorado (COL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Costa Rica (COS), Costa Rica (COS-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Chita (CTA), Chita (CTA-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Cyprus (CYP), Cyprus (CYP-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Czechoslovakia (CZE), Czech Republic (CZE-CZ); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Czechoslovakia (CZE), Czech Republic (CZE-CZ); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Delaware (DEL), Delaware (DEL-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Denmark (DEN), Denmark (DEN-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Denmark (DEN), Denmark (DEN-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Ecuador (ECU), Ecuador (ECU-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Finland (FIN), Finland (FIN-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Finland (FIN), Finland (FIN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Florida (FLA), Florida (FLA-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Føroyar (FOR), Føroyar (FOR-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Channel Is. (FRA-CI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), France (FRA-FR); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Monaco (FRA-MO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Greenland (GNL), Greenland (GNL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Greenland (GNL), Greenland (GNL-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Guatemala (GUA), Guatemala (GUA-OO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Guatemala (GUA), Guatemala (GUA-OO); 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), Hawaiian Is. (HAW-HI); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Honduras (HON), Honduras (HON-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Hungary (HUN), Hungary (HUN-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Hungary (HUN), Hungary (HUN-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Iceland (ICE), Iceland (ICE-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Iceland (ICE), Iceland (ICE-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Idaho (IDA), Idaho (IDA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Illinois (ILL), Illinois (ILL-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Goa (IND-GO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - ; Bassegi Zapovednik; Tapantí-Macizo de La Muer National Park; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Flann C., 23-Sep-2011, GCC: Global Compositae Checklist in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999) 5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 7Ecology of Commanster 8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 9SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR PYGMY RABBIT (BRACHYLAGUS IDAHOENSIS) IN WYOMING, DOUGLAS A. KEINATH AND MATTHEW MCGEE, United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Wyoming State Office Cheyenne, Wyoming (2004) 10New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database 11Lemmiscus curtatus, Lynn E. Carroll and Hugh H. Genoways, Mammalian Species No. 124, pp. 1-6 (1980) 12Bighorn Sheep Diet Selection and Forage Quality in Central Idaho, Guy D. Wagner and James M. Peek, Northwest Science, Vol. 80, No.4, 2006, pp. 246-258 13Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991) 14Clements, R. E., and F. L. Long. 1923, Experimental pollination. An outline of the ecology of flowers and insects. Washington, D.C., USA, Carnegie Institute of Washington. 15Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Carlsbad Caverns National Park Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by Svalbard Global Seed Vault, Norway Ministry of Agriculture and Food - February 2013