Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Tanacetum bipinnatum > Tanacetum bipinnatum subsp. bipinnatum
 

Tanacetum bipinnatum subsp. bipinnatum (Tansy)

Synonyms: Artemisia kotzebuensis; Chrysanthemum bipinnatum; Chrysanthemum bipinnatum subsp. huronense; Chrysanthemum camphoratum; Chrysanthemum douglasii; Matricaria bipinnata; Omalanthus camphoratus; Omalotes camphorata; Pyrethrum bipinnatum; Pyrethrum velutinum; Tanacetum bipinnatum; Tanacetum boreale; Tanacetum camphoratum; Tanacetum douglasii; Tanacetum elegans; Tanacetum huronense; Tanacetum huronense var. bifarium; Tanacetum huronense var. floccosum; Tanacetum huronense var. johannense; Tanacetum huronense var. terrae-novae; Tanacetum kotzebuense; Tanacetum pauciflorum

Wikipedia Abstract

Tanacetum camphoratum is a species of flowering plant in the aster family known by the common names camphor tansy and dune tansy. It is native to the Pacific Coast of North America from British Columbia to California, where it grows in sand dunes and other coastline habitat. This species may be known by the synonym Tanacetum douglasii and is often included in Tanacetum bipinnatum.

Attributes

Height [3]  39 inches (1 m)
Width [3]  4.9 feet (1.5 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [4]  Rich
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Bee Flower Color [2]  Green
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [3]  The plant is poisonous if large quantities are ingested; There have been cases of death in N. America from drinking strong brews of the tea, presumably as an abortifacient;
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees, Flies, Beetles, Bats
Structure [5]  Herb
Usage [3]  A green dye is obtained from the young shoots; The leaves and flowers can also be used and a yellow can also be obtained; The plant is used as a strewing herb in cellars, churches etc in order to repel insects; Both the growing and the dried plant are said to repel flies, ants and fleas, especially if they are mixed with elder leaves (Sambucus spp.); The leaves and the flowering shoots contain 0.15% of an essential oil that contains camphor, borneol and thujone; Both the leaves and the oil and they have been used to kill fleas and lice; Thujone is an effective insecticide, but it is highly toxic to mammals when taken in excess; The plant is a good addition to the compost heap, being valued for its mineral content;
View Plants For A Future Record : Tanacetum bipinnatum subsp. bipinnatum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Cwm Doethie – Mynydd Mallaen 10186 Wales, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lewis Peatlands 69055 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Migneint–Arenig–Dduallt 49343 Wales, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tweed Estuary 385 England, United Kingdom  
Ukrainskii Stepnoi Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik Ia 2920 Ukraine  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Predators

Agathis nigra[6]
Agrypon flaveolatum[6]
Amphipoea oculea (Ear Moth)[6]
Anania perlucidalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ancistrocerus gazella (European tube wasp)[6]
Andrena dorsata[6]
Anthocomus rufus <Unverified Name>[6]
Anthophila fabriciana (Nettle-tap Moth)[6]
Anthrenus fuscus[6]
Anthrenus museorum (Museum beetle)[6]
Apechthis compunctor[6]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[6]
Aplocnemus nigricornis <Unverified Name>[6]
Apolygus lucorum[6]
Apolygus spinolae[6]
Arge ochropus <Unverified Name>[6]
Argyresthia goedartella[6]
Athalia circularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)[6]
Barycnemis bellator[6]
Blastobasis decolorella[7]
Bombus campestris (Field Cuckoo-bee)[6]
Bombus lapidarius (Stone Humble-bee)[6]
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)[6]
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)[6]
Bombus terrestris (Large Earth Humble-bee)[6]
Botanophila fugax[6]
Brachypterus urticae (Nettle Pollen Beetle)[6]
Bracon minutator[6]
Brassicogethes aeneus[6]
Bryotropha terrella[6]
Calliphora vicina (Blue bottlefly)[6]
Campoletis latrator[6]
Casinaria morionella[6]
Cassida rubiginosa (Thistle Tortoise Beetle)[7]
Cassida sanguinosa[7]
Cassida stigmatica[6]
Celypha rufana <Unverified Name>[7]
Cepaea nemoralis (grovesnail)[6]
Cerapteryx graminis (antler moth)[6]
Chrysolina graminis <Unverified Name>[7]
Chrysotoxum cautum[6]
Coenonympha pamphilus (Small Heath Butterfly)[6]
Coleophora gardesanella[7]
Coleophora striatipennella[6]
Coleophora trochilella[6]
Colletes daviesanus (Davies' Colletes)[6]
Colletes similis[6]
Cotesia glomerata[6]
Crambus perlella <Unverified Name>[6]
Cynomya mortuorum (Bluebottle Blow Fly )[6]
Dacnusa areolaris[6]
Dasysyrphus tricinctus[6]
Delia floralis (turnip maggot)[6]
Depressaria emeritella[7]
Depressaria silesiaca[7]
Dichrorampha acuminatana[6]
Dichrorampha flavidorsana[7]
Dichrorampha gueneeana[7]
Dichrorampha montanana[7]
Dichrorampha petiverella[6]
Dichrorampha sedatana[6]
Dichrorampha senectana[7]
Dichrorampha sequana[7]
Dichrorampha simpliciana[6]
Dilophus febrilis (Fever Fly)[6]
Dioxyna bidentis[8]
Eclytus ornatus[6]
Ectemnius dives[6]
Empis genualis[6]
Empis livida[6]
Empis picipes[6]
Empis syrovatkai[6]
Ensina sonchi[6]
Epinotia nanana[6]
Epuraea aestiva[6]
Eridolius dorsator[6]
Eridolius lineiger[6]
Eriothrix rufomaculatus[6]
Eristalis abusiva <Unverified Name>[6]
Eristalis arbustorum[6]
Eristalis pertinax[6]
Eristalis similis <Unverified Name>[6]
Eudonia truncicolella[6]
Eupeodes latifasciatus[6]
Eupeodes luniger[6]
Eupithecia icterata (Tawny Speckled Pug Moth)[6]
Eutrichota socculata <Unverified Name>[6]
Exallonyx ligatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Exyston pratorum[6]
Figites anthomyiarum <Unverified Name>[6]
Forficula auricularia (European earwig)[6]
Gillmeria ochrodactyla <Unverified Name>[6]
Gillmeria pallidactyla <Unverified Name>[6]
Graphomya maculata[6]
Gymnosoma rotundatum[6]
Halictus maculatus[6]
Halictus rubicundus[6]
Helina reversio[6]
Helophilus pendulus (Striped Hover Fly)[6]
Helophilus trivittatus (Sun Fly)[6]
Heriades truncorum (Daisy Carpenter Bee)[6]
Homoeosoma nebulella[7]
Hylaeus confusus[6]
Hylaeus hyalinatus[6]
Ichneutes reunitor[6]
Ischnopterapion virens <Unverified Name>[6]
Isophrictis striatella[7]
Isturgia limbaria (Frosted Yellow Moth)[6]
Itoplectis maculator[6]
Lasioglossum albipes[6]
Lasioglossum calceatum (Slender Mining Bee)[6]
Lasioglossum lativentre[6]
Lasioglossum leucozonium[6]
Leptosciarella pilosa[6]
Lindenius albilabris[6]
Lissonota coracina[6]
Lissonota dubia[6]
Lissonota humerella[6]
Longitarsus absynthii <Unverified Name>[7]
Longitarsus succineus[7]
Longitarsus suturellus <Unverified Name>[7]
Lucilia caesar (Greenbottle Blow Fly)[6]
Lycaena phlaeas (Small Copper Butterfly)[6]
Lycaena tityrus <Unverified Name>[6]
Lygus pratensis (Common Meadow Bug)[6]
Lygus wagneri[6]
Macrosiphoniella persequens[6]
Macrosiphoniella tanacetaria[6]
Megalocoleus tanaceti[6]
Melanips alienus <Unverified Name>[6]
Meliscaeva cinctella[6]
Meromyza saltatrix (Wheat Stem Maggot Fly)[6]
Mesapamea didyma (Lesser Common Rustic Moth)[6]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[6]
Miscophus concolor[6]
Mordella aculeata <Unverified Name>[6]
Morellia podagrica[6]
Musca autumnalis (face fly)[6]
Myathropa florea <Unverified Name>[6]
Myrmica rubra (Red Ant)[6]
Neides tipularius[8]
Neoascia podagrica[6]
Neomyia cornicina[6]
Neomyia viridescens[6]
Noctua pronuba (Large Yellow Underwing Moth)[6]
Nodulosphaeria dolioloides[8]
Oedemera virescens <Unverified Name>[6]
Olesicampe cavigena[6]
Olesicampe paludicola[6]
Opomyza germinationis[6]
Orthocephalus coriaceus[6]
Pachyprotasis rapae <Unverified Name>[6]
Palloptera ustulata[6]
Panorpa communis (common scorpionfly)[6]
Paradelia intersecta[6]
Parasyrphus annulatus[6]
Pediobius saulius[6]
Phaonia cincta[6]
Phygadeuon cylindraceus[6]
Phygadeuon dubius[6]
Phygadeuon infelix[6]
Phygadeuon varicornis[6]
Phytomyza pullula[8]
Pimpla rufipes (Black Slip Wasp)[6]
Platycheirus peltatus[6]
Platygaster demades[6]
Platypalpus cursitans[6]
Platyptilia ochrodactyla[7]
Platyptilia pallidactyla[7]
Plutella xylostella (Diamondback moth)[6]
Polietes lardarius <Unverified Name>[6]
Pollenia rudis (cluster fly)[6]
Polyommatus icarus (Common Blue Butterfly)[6]
Protapanteles fulvipes[6]
Protophormia terraenovae (northern blowfly)[6]
Rhabdospora tanaceticola[8]
Rhamphomyia variabilis[6]
Rhizoecus franconiae (Franconian root mealybug)[9]
Rhorus palustris[6]
Rivula sericealis (Straw Dot Moth)[6]
Sarcophaga carnaria (Camouflaged Flesh Fly)[6]
Scaeva pyrastri[6]
Scambus nigricans[6]
Scathophaga stercoraria (Common Yellow Dung Fly)[6]
Scathophaga suilla[6]
Sciara hemerobioides[6]
Scopesis frontator[6]
Scrobipalpa acuminatella[6]
Selandria serva <Unverified Name>[6]
Sepsis flavimana[6]
Sepsis punctum[6]
Septoria tanaceti[6]
Siphona cristata[6]
Siphona geniculata[6]
Siphona pauciseta[6]
Sitochroa verticalis[6]
Sphaerophoria scripta[6]
Sphecodes monilicornis[6]
Sphenella marginata[6]
Stelis ornatula[6]
Stenomacrus cognatus[6]
Stenurella melanura[6]
Stictopleurus abutilon[6]
Stictopleurus crassicornis[6]
Stictopleurus punctatonervosus[6]
Sylvicola punctatus[6]
Torymus bedeguaris[6]
Trypeta artemisiae[7]
Tryphon brunniventris[6]
Udea lutealis <Unverified Name>[6]
Vespula germanica (European wasp)[6]
Vespula rufa (Red Wasp)[6]
Vespula vulgaris (English wasp)[6]
Volucella pellucens (White-banded Drone Fly)[6]
Yponomeuta padella (Common Hawthorn Ermel Moth)[6]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Agathis nigra[6]
Andrena dorsata[6]
Anthocomus rufus <Unverified Name>[6]
Anthophila fabriciana (Nettle-tap Moth)[6]
Anthrenus fuscus[6]
Anthrenus museorum (Museum beetle)[6]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[6]
Aplocnemus nigricornis <Unverified Name>[6]
Arge ochropus <Unverified Name>[6]
Argyresthia goedartella[6]
Athalia circularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Bombus campestris (Field Cuckoo-bee)[6]
Bombus lapidarius (Stone Humble-bee)[6]
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)[6]
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)[6]
Bombus terrestris (Large Earth Humble-bee)[6]
Botanophila fugax[6]
Brachypterus urticae (Nettle Pollen Beetle)[6]
Brassicogethes aeneus[6]
Bryotropha terrella[6]
Cerapteryx graminis (antler moth)[6]
Chrysotoxum cautum[6]
Coenonympha pamphilus (Small Heath Butterfly)[6]
Coleophora striatipennella[6]
Colletes daviesanus (Davies' Colletes)[6]
Colletes similis[6]
Dasysyrphus tricinctus[6]
Dilophus febrilis (Fever Fly)[6]
Ensina sonchi[6]
Epinotia nanana[6]
Epuraea aestiva[6]
Eriothrix rufomaculatus[6]
Eristalis abusiva <Unverified Name>[6]
Eristalis arbustorum[6]
Eristalis pertinax[6]
Eristalis similis <Unverified Name>[6]
Eudonia truncicolella[6]
Eupeodes latifasciatus[6]
Eupeodes luniger[6]
Exallonyx ligatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Figites anthomyiarum <Unverified Name>[6]
Gillmeria ochrodactyla <Unverified Name>[6]
Gillmeria pallidactyla <Unverified Name>[6]
Halictus maculatus[6]
Halictus rubicundus[6]
Helophilus pendulus (Striped Hover Fly)[6]
Helophilus trivittatus (Sun Fly)[6]
Heriades truncorum (Daisy Carpenter Bee)[6]
Hylaeus confusus[6]
Hylaeus hyalinatus[6]
Ischnopterapion virens <Unverified Name>[6]
Isturgia limbaria (Frosted Yellow Moth)[6]
Lasioglossum albipes[6]
Lasioglossum calceatum (Slender Mining Bee)[6]
Lasioglossum lativentre[6]
Lasioglossum leucozonium[6]
Leptosciarella pilosa[6]
Lindenius albilabris[6]
Lissonota humerella[6]
Lucilia caesar (Greenbottle Blow Fly)[6]
Lycaena tityrus <Unverified Name>[6]
Melanips alienus <Unverified Name>[6]
Meliscaeva cinctella[6]
Meromyza saltatrix (Wheat Stem Maggot Fly)[6]
Mordella aculeata <Unverified Name>[6]
Musca autumnalis (face fly)[6]
Myathropa florea <Unverified Name>[6]
Myrmica rubra (Red Ant)[6]
Neoascia podagrica[6]
Oedemera virescens <Unverified Name>[6]
Opomyza germinationis[6]
Palloptera ustulata[6]
Panorpa communis (common scorpionfly)[6]
Parasyrphus annulatus[6]
Pediobius saulius[6]
Platycheirus peltatus[6]
Platygaster demades[6]
Platypalpus cursitans[6]
Plutella xylostella (Diamondback moth)[6]
Rhamphomyia variabilis[6]
Sarcophaga carnaria (Camouflaged Flesh Fly)[6]
Scaeva pyrastri[6]
Scathophaga stercoraria (Common Yellow Dung Fly)[6]
Scathophaga suilla[6]
Sciara hemerobioides[6]
Scrobipalpa acuminatella[6]
Sepsis flavimana[6]
Sepsis punctum[6]
Sphaerophoria scripta[6]
Sphecodes monilicornis[6]
Sphenella marginata[6]
Stelis ornatula[6]
Stenurella melanura[6]
Sylvicola punctatus[6]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[6]
Torymus bedeguaris[6]
Vespula germanica (European wasp)[6]
Volucella pellucens (White-banded Drone Fly)[6]
Yponomeuta padella (Common Hawthorn Ermel Moth)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Golovinomyces cichoracearum[8]
Puccinia tanaceti[8]
Septoria tanaceti[6]
Shelter for 
Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

1 - Europe, ; 1 - Europe, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, ; 7 - Northern America, ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), ; 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Japan (JAP), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Japan (JAP), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Korea (KOR), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Korea (KOR), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, North Caucasus (NCS), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Tasmania (TAS), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), ; 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, Alberta (ABT), Alberta (ABT-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Buenos Aires (AGE-BA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Corrientes (AGE-CN); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Argentina Distrito Federal (AGE-DF); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Chubut (AGS-CB); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Neuquén (AGS-NE); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Rio Negro (AGS-RN); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Tierra del Fuego (Argentina) (AGS-TF); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Mendoza (AGW-ME); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Salta (AGW-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Tucuman (AGW-TU); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Altay (ALT), Altay (ALT-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 31 - Russian Far East, Amur (AMU), Amur (AMU-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., Arizona (ARI), Arizona (ARI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Arkansas (ARK), Arkansas (ARK-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Alaska (ASK), Alaska (ASK-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Austria (AUT-AU); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Liechtenstein (AUT-LI); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Liechtenstein (AUT-LI); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Belgium (BGM-BE); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Luxembourg (BGM-LU); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Belarus (BLR), Belarus (BLR-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Estonia (BLT-ES); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Latvia (BLT-LA); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Lithuania (BLT-LI); 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, British Columbia (BRC), British Columbia (BRC-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Buryatiya (BRY), Buryatiya (BRY-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), Bulgaria (BUL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil West-Central (BZC), Brazilia Distrito Federal (BZC-DF); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil West-Central (BZC), Goiás (BZC-GO); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil West-Central (BZC), Mato Grosso do Sul (BZC-MS); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil West-Central (BZC), Mato Grosso (BZC-MT); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Alagoas (BZE-AL); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Bahia (BZE-BA); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Ceará (BZE-CE); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Maranhao (BZE-MA); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Paraíba (BZE-PB); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Pernambuco (BZE-PE); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Piauí (BZE-PI); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Rio Grande do Norte (BZE-RN); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Sergipe (BZE-SE); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Southeast (BZL), Espirito Santo (BZL-ES); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Southeast (BZL), Minas Gerais (BZL-MG); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Southeast (BZL), Rio de Janeiro (BZL-RJ); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Southeast (BZL), São Paulo (BZL-SP); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil North (BZN), Acre (BZN-AC); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil North (BZN), Amazonas (BZN-AM); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil North (BZN), Amapá (BZN-AP); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil North (BZN), Pará (BZN-PA); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil North (BZN), Roraima (BZN-RM); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil North (BZN), Rondônia (BZN-RO); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil North (BZN), Tocantins (BZN-TO); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Paraná (BZS-PR); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Paraná (BZS-PR); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Rio Grande do Sul (BZS-RS); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Santa Catarina (BZS-SC); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Manchuria (CHM), Heilongjiang (CHM-HJ); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Biobío (CLC-BI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Coquimbo (CLC-CO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), La Araucania (CLC-LA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Maule (CLC-MA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Santiago (CLC-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Valparaíso (CLC-VA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Aisén (CLS-AI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Los Lagos (CLS-LL); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Magellanes (CLS-MG); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Connecticut (CNT), Connecticut (CNT-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Colorado (COL), Colorado (COL-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Cook Is. (COO), Cook Is. (COO-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Chita (CTA), Chita (CTA-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Czechoslovakia (CZE), Czech Republic (CZE-CZ); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Delaware (DEL), Delaware (DEL-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Denmark (DEN), Denmark (DEN-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Finland (FIN), Finland (FIN-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Føroyar (FOR), Føroyar (FOR-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Channel Is. (FRA-CI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), France (FRA-FR); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Monaco (FRA-MO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Hungary (HUN), Hungary (HUN-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Iceland (ICE), Iceland (ICE-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Idaho (IDA), Idaho (IDA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Illinois (ILL), Illinois (ILL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Indiana (INI), Indiana (INI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Iowa (IOW), Iowa (IOW-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Ireland (IRE-IR); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Ireland (IRE-IR); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Northern Ireland (IRE-NI); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Northern Ireland (IRE-NI); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Irkutsk (IRK), Irkutsk (IRK-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Italy (ITA-IT); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), San Marino (ITA-SM); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Vatican City (ITA-VC); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 31 - Russian Far East, Kamchatka (KAM), Kamchatka (KAM-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Kansas (KAN), Kansas (KAN-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, Kazakhstan (KAZ), Kazakhstan (KAZ-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, Kirgizistan (KGZ), Kirgizistan (KGZ-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 31 - Russian Far East, Khabarovsk (KHA), Khabarovsk (KHA-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 30 - Siberia, Krasnoyarsk (KRA), Krasnoyarsk (KRA-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), Krym (KRY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Kentucky (KTY), Kentucky (KTY-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 31 - Russian Far East, Kuril Is. (KUR), Kuril Is. (KUR-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Louisiana (LOU), Louisiana (LOU-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 31 - Russian Far East, Magadan (MAG), Magadan (MAG-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Maine (MAI), Maine (MAI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, Manitoba (MAN), Manitoba (MAN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Masachusettes (MAS), Masachusettes (MAS-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Michigan (MIC), Michigan (MIC-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Minnesota (MIN), Minnesota (MIN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Montana (MNT), Montana (MNT-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 37 - Mongolia, Mongolia (MON), Mongolia (MON-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 37 - Mongolia, Mongolia (MON), Mongolia (MON-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Maryland (MRY), Maryland (MRY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Mississippi (MSI), Mississippi (MSI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Missouri (MSO), Missouri (MSO-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, New Brunswick (NBR), New Brunswick (NBR-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., North Carolina (NCA), North Carolina (NCA-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, North Caucasus (NCS), Dagestan (NCS-DA); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., North Dakota (NDA), North Dakota (NDA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Nebraska (NEB), Nebraska (NEB-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Netherlands (NET), Netherlands (NET-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., Nevada (NEV), Nevada (NEV-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Newfoundland (NFL), Newfoundland (NFL-NE); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Newfoundland (NFL), St.Pierre-Miquelon (NFL-SP); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Norway (NOR), Norway (NOR-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Nova Scotia (NSC), Nova Scotia (NSC-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, New South Wales (NSW), New South Wales (NSW-NS); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., New Hampshire (NWH), New Hampshire (NWH-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., New Jersey (NWJ), New Jersey (NWJ-OO); 7 - Northern America, 77 - South-Central U.S.A., New Mexico (NWM), New Mexico (NWM-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Northwest Territories (NWT), Northwest Territories (NWT-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., New York (NWY), New York (NWY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Ohio (OHI), Ohio (OHI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Oklahoma (OKL), Oklahoma (OKL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Ontario (ONT), Ontario (ONT-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Oregon (ORE), Oregon (ORE-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Prince Edward I. (PEI), Prince Edward I. (PEI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Pennsylvania (PEN), Pennsylvania (PEN-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Peru (PER); Bassegi Zapovednik; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287. 3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999) 5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 6Ecology of Commanster 7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access