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Fragaria vesca (Wild Strawberry)

Wikipedia Abstract

Fragaria vesca, commonly called wild strawberry, woodland strawberry, Alpine strawberry, European strawberry, or fraise des bois, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the rose family that grows naturally throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere, and that produces edible fruits.
View Wikipedia Record: Fragaria vesca

Infraspecies

Fragaria vesca subsp. americana (Woodland strawberry)
Fragaria vesca subsp. bracteata (Attributes)
Fragaria vesca subsp. californica (California strawberry)
Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca (Woodland strawberry) (Attributes)

Invasive Species

Fragaria vesca is a herbaceous rhizomatous perennial. It is found in disturbed areas, degraded forests and along roads and paths. In Hawaii, the species is naturalized in mesic areas and moist forests, between 700 and 1700 m. It spreads very rapidly by stolons and can form dense stands. In La Runion, it invades natural or semi-natural environments with a relatively high density but it does not dominate or co-dominate vegetation. Its fruit is edible and is dispersed by birds and mammals.
View ISSG Record: Fragaria vesca

Attributes

Height [3]  10 inches (0.25 m)
Width [3]  39 inches (1 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Light Preference [4]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue-Green
Flower Color [2]  White
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera
Structure [5]  Herb
Usage [3]  The fruit is used as a tooth cleaner; The fresh fruit removes stains from teeth if it is allowed to remain for about 5 minutes; The fruit is also used cosmetically in skin-care creams; It tones and whitens the skin, combats wrinkles, lightens freckles, soothes sunburn and whitens the teeth;
View Plants For A Future Record : Fragaria vesca

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Bagni di Masino - Pizzo Badile - Val di Mello - Val Torrone - Piano di Preda Rossa 23828 Italy  
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Ben Nevis 23023 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Caenlochan 12860 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Canneti del Lago Maggiore 561 Italy  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Chilterns Beechwoods 3154 England, United Kingdom  
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Disgrazia - Sissone 7438 Italy  
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Ilmensky Zapovednik Ia 84955 Chelyabinsk, Russia
Ingleborough Complex 14256 England, United Kingdom
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Massiccio del Monte Pollino e Monte Alpi 217581 Italy  
Merrick Kells 21494 Scotland, United Kingdom
Monte di Scerscen - Ghiacciai di Scerscen - Monte Motta 23885 Italy  
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Parco Regionale Campo dei Fiori 3207 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riserva Regionale Fontanile Nuovo 91 Italy  
River Moriston 481 Scotland, United Kingdom
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
San Juan Island National Historical Park III 1674 Washington, United States
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Taynish National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Val di Togno - Pizzo Scalino 7784 Italy  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  

Ecosystems

Predators

Abagrotis alternata (greater red dart)[6]
Acherontia atropos (Death's-head hawk moth)[7]
Acleris aspersana[6]
Acleris comariana (Strawberry Tortrix)[6]
Acronicta rumicis (Knot Grass)[6]
Acyrthosiphon malvae (Pelargonium aphid)[7]
Agromyza potentillae[7]
Aleyrodes lonicerae[8]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[9]
Anthonomus rubi[8]
Argyrotaenia franciscana[6]
Barypeithes araneiformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Batophila aerata <Unverified Name>[7]
Batophila rubi <Unverified Name>[7]
Bison bonasus (European bison)[10]
Camptogramma bilineata <Unverified Name>[7]
Chionomys nivalis (European snow vole)[11]
Chloroclysta citrata <Unverified Name>[7]
Chloroclysta concinnata <Unverified Name>[7]
Chloroclysta truncata <Unverified Name>[7]
Coccura comari (Kunow's mealybug)[12]
Coleophora potentillae[8]
Coleophora violacea <Unverified Name>[7]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[12]
Ectoedemia arcuatella[6]
Elaphria venustula[7]
Empria liturata <Unverified Name>[7]
Ericaphis wakibae[7]
Galerucella sagittariae <Unverified Name>[7]
Gnophos obscuratus <Unverified Name>[7]
Hepialus humuli (Ghost Moth)[7]
Hydraecia micacea (potato stem worm)[7]
Hypercompe indecisa[6]
Incurvaria praelatella <Unverified Name>[8]
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)[8]
Macrothylacia rubi (Fox Moth)[7]
Meganola albula <Unverified Name>[7]
Mesoleuca albicillata (Beautiful Carpet Moth)[6]
Mormo maura (Old Lady)[7]
Moschus chrysogaster (alpine musk deer)[13]
Mythimna conigera <Unverified Name>[7]
Myzus cymbalariae (Cymbalaria aphid)[7]
Neotoma fuscipes (dusky-footed woodrat)[14]
Otiorhynchus ovatus (Strawberry Root Weevil)[7]
Otiorhynchus rugifrons[7]
Otiorhynchus sulcatus (European strawberry weevil)[7]
Pamphilius nemorum <Unverified Name>[7]
Parornix anglicella[6]
Peliococcus calluneti (heather mealybug)[12]
Perizoma taeniatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Pheucticus melanocephalus (Black-headed Grosbeak)[15]
Phyllobius oblongus[7]
Phyllobius pomaceus (Green Nettle Weevil)[7]
Phyllobius vespertinus[7]
Plagiognathus arbustorum[8]
Puto pilosellae (hairy mealybug)[12]
Pyrgus armoricanus (Oberthür's Grizzled Skipper)[16]
Pyrgus malvae (Grizzled Skipper)[6]
Rhynchites aeneovirens[7]
Rhynchites germanicus[7]
Scopula ternata (Smoky Wave Moth)[7]
Spilosoma luteum <Unverified Name>[7]
Stigmella aeneofasciella[7]
Stigmella aurella[7]
Stigmella splendidissimella[7]
Tinagma perdicella[6]
Tischeria confusa[6]
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)[16]
Udea ferrugalis (Rusty Dot Pearl)[7]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[16]
Xestia sexstrigata (Six-striped Rustic)[7]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Bombus melanopygus (orange-rumped bumblebee)[17]
Heriades gracilior[17]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anthonomus rubi (Strawberry Blossom Weevil)[8]
Podosphaera aphanis[16]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Bassegi Zapovednik; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Ecology of Commanster
9Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
10Food eaten by the free-living European bison in Białowieża Forest, Zofia GĘBCZYŃSKA, Marek GĘBCZYŃSKI and Ewa MARTYNOWICZ, Acta Theriologica 36 (3-4), 307-313, 1991.
11SNOW VOLE - Chionomys nivalis (Martins 1842), Janeau G., Aulagnier S., IBEX J.M.E. 4:1997
12Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
13Food plants and feeding habits of Himalayan ungulates, Anjali Awasthi, Sanjay Kr. Uniyal, Gopal S. Rawat and S. Sathyakumar, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 85, NO. 6, 25 SEPTEMBER 2003
14Neotoma fuscipes, L. N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 386, pp. 1-10 (1991)
15NOTES ON THE DIET OF THE CRIMSON-COLLARED GROSBEAK (RHODOTHRAUPIS CELAENO) IN NORTHEASTERN MEXICO, Jack Clinton Eitniear & Alvaro Aragon Tapia, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 11: 363–364, 2000
16Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
17Clements, R. E., and F. L. Long. 1923, Experimental pollination. An outline of the ecology of flowers and insects. Washington, D.C., USA, Carnegie Institute of Washington.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access