Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rosaceae > Prunus > Prunus domestica

Prunus domestica (plum)

Wikipedia Abstract

Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica) is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. The greengages and damsons also belong to subspecies of P. domestica. Its hybrid parentage is believed to be Prunus spinosa and Prunus cerasifera. This is the most commonly grown plum at least in Europe, and most prunes (dried plums) are made from fruits of this species.
View Wikipedia Record: Prunus domestica



Height [2]  39 feet (12 m)
Width [2]  33 feet (10 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [4]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Specific Gravity [5]  0.5
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A green dye can be obtained from the leaves; A dark grey to green dye can be obtained from the fruit; A yellow dye is obtained from the bark; A gum obtained from points of damage along the stem can be used as an adhesive; The ground up seeds are used cosmetically in the production of face-masks for dry skin; A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed; No details of its uses. Wood - hard, compact. Used for musical instruments;
View Plants For A Future Record : Prunus domestica

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Cwm Doethie – Mynydd Mallaen 10186 Wales, United Kingdom
Dartmoor 57244 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Nez Perce National Historical Park V 2076 Idaho, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pembrokeshire Woodlands/ Coedydd Gogledd Sir Benfro 780 Wales, United Kingdom  
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Emblem of

Taiwan, Province Of China


Abagrotis alternata (greater red dart)[6]
Abgrallaspis latastei[7]
Abraxas grossulariata (Magpie Moth)[8]
Abroma temperata[8]
Acalitus phloeocoptes <Unverified Name>[8]
Acherontia atropos (Death's-head hawk moth)[8]
Acleris rhombana (Rhomboid Tortrix)[8]
Acleris variegana (Garden rose tortricid moth)[6]
Acrobasis tricolorella[6]
Acronicta aceris[8]
Acronicta brumosa (Charred Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta clarescens (Clear Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta fragilis (fragile dagger)[6]
Acronicta funeralis (Funerary Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta impressa (printed dagger)[6]
Acronicta interrupta (Interrupted Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta pruni[6]
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta radcliffei (Radcliffe's Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta superans (Splendid Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta tridens (Dark Dagger)[8]
Actinotia polyodon (Purple Cloud)[8]
Aculus fockeui[8]
Agriopis marginaria <Unverified Name>[8]
Alcis repandata (Mottled Beauty)[8]
Allophyes oxyacanthae <Unverified Name>[8]
Allophyes oxycanthae[9]
Alsophila aescularia (March Moth)[8]
Ambesa walsinghami[6]
Amblypelta nitida (Fruitspotting Bug)[9]
Amphipyra pyramidea[9]
Anarsia lineatella (Peach twig borer)[6]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[10]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[10]
Ancylis achatana[8]
Angerona prunaria[8]
Anthaxia bicolor[8]
Anthonomus bituberculatus[8]
Anthonomus rufus[8]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[7]
Apocheima pilosaria <Unverified Name>[8]
Aporia crataegi (Black-veined White Butterfly)[8]
Arctia caja (garden tiger moth)[9]
Argyrostrotis anilis (Short-lined Chocolate)[6]
Asphondylia pruniperda[8]
Aspidiotus elaeidis[7]
Automeris complicata[6]
Automeris denticulatus[6]
Automeris excreta[6]
Automeris naranja[6]
Automeris rubrescens[6]
Automeris styx[6]
Balsa malana[6]
Biston betularia (peppered moth)[8]
Biston strataria (Oak Beauty)[8]
Blastobasis decolorella[8]
Blastodacna hellerella[8]
Blumeriella jaapii[9]
Brachycaudus cardui (thistle aphid)[8]
Brachycaudus helichrysi (Leafcurl plum aphid)[8]
Brachycaudus persicae (Black peach aphid)[8]
Brachycaudus prunicola schwartzi[8]
Byctiscus betulae (Hazel Leaf Roller)[8]
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Carnation Tortrix)[8]
Caliroa cerasi (pearslug)[8]
Carcina quercana[8]
Catocala grynea (Woody Underwing)[6]
Catocala nupta (Red Underwing moth)[8]
Catocala ultronia (Dark Red Underwing)[6]
Ceranemota improvisa[6]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[7]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[7]
Chileulia stalactitis[6]
Chionaspis furfura (Harris's bark-louse)[7]
Clarkeulia bourquini[6]
Coccus poterii <Unverified Name>[7]
Coleophora coracipennella[8]
Coleophora hemerobiella[8]
Coleophora sacramenta[6]
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)[6]
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)[6]
Conistra ligula (Dark Chestnut)[8]
Conistra rubiginea (Dotted Chestnut)[8]
Cosmia pyralina (Lunar-spotted Pinion)[8]
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)[6]
Cricula andrei (Moth)[6]
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)[8]
Cryptophlebia illepida (Koa Seedworm)[6]
Ctenopseustis obliquana[11]
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)[9]
Cydia funebrana <Unverified Name>[8]
Cydia janthinana <Unverified Name>[8]
Cydia pomonella (Codling moth)[6]
Dasineura sodalis[8]
Dasineura tortrix[8]
Dasychira cinnamomea[6]
Dasychira dorsipennata[6]
Dasychira fascelina[9]
Dasychira meridionalis[6]
Diaspidiotus forbesi (cherry scale)[7]
Diaspidiotus lenticularis[7]
Diaspidiotus marani[7]
Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (European fruit scale)[7]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[9]
Diaspidiotus prunorum[7]
Diaspidiotus pyri[8]
Dicallomera fascelina <Unverified Name>[8]
Dichomeris barbella[6]
Diloba caeruleocephala[8]
Diptacus gigantorhynchus[8]
Ditula angustiorana (Red-barred Tortrix)[6]
Ectoedemia spinosella[8]
Edwardsiana crataegi (Canary fly)[8]
Edwardsiana frustrator[8]
Edwardsiana prunicola (Prune leafhopper)[8]
Ennomos autumnaria (Large Thorn)[8]
Eotetranychus pruni[8]
Epidiaspis leperii (European pear scale)[7]
Epiphyas postvittana (Light brown apple moth)[11]
Epirrita dilutata <Unverified Name>[8]
Erannis defoliaria (Mottled Umber Moth)[6]
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)[9]
Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale)[8]
Eupackardia calleta (Calleta Silkmoth)[6]
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (Brown-tail)[8]
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)[6]
Eupteryx heydenii[8]
Euxoa atomaris[6]
Euxoa tessellata (striped cutworm)[6]
Euzophera semifuneralis[6]
Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)[9]
Ganoderma lucidum[9]
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)[9]
Gastropacha quercifolia (Lappet)[8]
Grapholita funebrana (Plum Fruit Moth)[6]
Harkenclenus titus[6]
Hedya dimidioalba[6]
Hedya pruniana[8]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[7]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[7]
Hemileuca neumoegeni[6]
Hemileuca nevadensis (Nevada Buck Moth)[6]
Hoplocampa flava <Unverified Name>[8]
Hyalopterus pruni (Mealy plum aphid)[8]
Hylesia nigricans[6]
Hylesia paulex[6]
Hysteroneura setariae (Rusty plum aphid)[9]
Iphiclides podalirius (Scarce Swallowtail)[6]
Labedera proxima[6]
Lasiocampa trifolii (Grass Eggar)[9]
Laspeyria flexula (Beautiful Hook-tip)[8]
Lepidosaphes conchiformis (fig oystershell scale)[7]
Lepidosaphes ellipticus <Unverified Name>[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[7]
Lepidosaphes ussuriensis (dark oystershell scale)[7]
Leucanella contempta[6]
Leucostoma persoonii[9]
Limenitis archippus (viceroy)[9]
Limenitis lorquini (Lorquin's Admiral)[9]
Lithophane antennata (green fruitworm)[6]
Lithophane hepatica[8]
Lithophane semibrunnea (Tawny Pinion)[9]
Lithophane unimoda[6]
Lobobunaea phaedusa[6]
Lomographa temerata (Clouded Silver)[8]
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)[8]
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)[8]
Lyonetia clerkella (Apple Leaf Miner Moth)[6]
Machimia tentoriferella (Gold-striped Leaftier Moth)[6]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[7]
Magdalis ruficornis (Plum Weevil)[8]
Malacosoma neustria (Lackey moth)[8]
Megalopyge radiata[6]
Meganephria bimaculosa (Double-spot Brocade)[8]
Mercetaspis halli (hall scale)[7]
Monilinia laxa[9]
Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid)[8]
Nadata gibbosa (Rough Prominent)[6]
Naenia typica (Gothic)[8]
Nemoria bistriaria (Red-fringed Emerald)[6]
Neosphaleroptera nubilana[6]
Nola cucullatella (Short-cloaked Moth)[8]
Notarctia proxima[6]
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)[8]
Oemona hirta[11]
Olethreutes ferrugineanum[6]
Olethreutes malana[6]
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)[9]
Operophtera fagata (Northern Winter Moth)[8]
Opisthograptis luteolata (Brimstone Moth)[6]
Orsodacne cerasi <Unverified Name>[8]
Orthosia gothica (Hebrew Character)[6]
Orthosia munda (Twin-spotted Quaker)[9]
Orthotaenia undulana[8]
Pammene germmana[8]
Pammene rhediella[8]
Pamphilius sylvaticus <Unverified Name>[8]
Panonychus ulmi (European red mite)[8]
Paonias myops (small-eyed sphinx)[6]
Papilio eurymedon (Pale swallowtail)[6]
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)[9]
Papilio rutulus (Western tiger swallowtail)[9]
Parasa latistriga[6]
Parlatoreopsis longispina (Asiatic pomegranate scale)[7]
Parlatoria oleae (olive parlatoria scale)[7]
Parlatoria proteus (common parlatoria scale)[7]
Parlatoria theae (tea parlatoria scale)[7]
Parornix finitimella[8]
Parornix torquillella[8]
Parus major (Great Tit)[9]
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)[9]
Peniophora versicolor[9]
Peribatodes rhomboidaria (Willow Beauty)[8]
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)[8]
Pheucticus melanocephalus (Black-headed Grosbeak)[12]
Phobetron hipparchia[6]
Phorodon humuli (hop aphid)[8]
Phyllobius oblongus[8]
Phyllobius pyri (Common Leaf Weevil)[8]
Phyllocoptes abaenus[11]
Phyllonorycter corylifoliella[6]
Phyllonorycter crataegella[6]
Phyllonorycter spinicolella[6]
Phylloscopus collybita (Common Chiffchaff)[9]
Physatocheila dumetorum[8]
Physatocheila smreczynskii <Unverified Name>[8]
Phytobia cerasiferae[8]
Phytoptus padi <Unverified Name>[8]
Phytoptus similis <Unverified Name>[8]
Planotortrix excessana (Greenheaded leafroller)[11]
Planotortrix octoides <Unverified Name>[11]
Plemyria rubiginata (Blue-bordered Carpet)[8]
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)[9]
Polymixis flavicincta (Large Ranunculus)[8]
Polystigma rubrum[9]
Proeulia auraria[6]
Proeulia chrysopteris[6]
Protorthodes rufula[6]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[7]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[7]
Pseudococcus longispinus (long tailed mealybug)[11]
Pseudoswammerdamia combinella[6]
Pseudothyatira cymatophoroides (Tufted Thyatirid Moth)[6]
Pulvinaria vitis (cottony vine scale)[7]
Putoniella pruni[8]
Recurvaria leucatella (Lesser Budmoth)[8]
Recurvaria nanella[6]
Resseliella oculiperda[8]
Rhodinia fugax (Moth)[6]
Rhodococcus turanicus[7]
Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae (water lily aphid)[8]
Rhynchites aequatus[8]
Rhynchites auratus[8]
Rhynchites bacchus[8]
Rhynchites cupreus[8]
Rhynchites pauxillus[8]
Ribautiana debilis[8]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[7]
Salicicola archangelskyae (Archangelskaya scale)[7]
Saturnia pyri (Great peacock moth)[6]
Satyrium pruni <Unverified Name>[8]
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa (humpbacked scorpionfish)[9]
Smerinthus cerisyi (Cerisy's sphinx moth)[6]
Smerinthus jamaicensis (twin-spotted sphinx)[6]
Sphaerolecanium prunastri (globose scale)[7]
Sphinx drupiferarum (plum tree sphinx)[6]
Sphinx perelegans (elegant sphinx)[6]
Spilosoma luteum <Unverified Name>[8]
Spulerina astaurota[6]
Stenoma adoratrix[6]
Stenoptinea cyaneimarmorella[8]
Stigmella prunetorum[6]
Streblote distinguenda[6]
Strymonidia pruni <Unverified Name>[8]
Swammerdamia pyrella[6]
Synanthedon myopaeformis <Unverified Name>[8]
Thalera fimbrialis (Sussex Emerald)[9]
Thanatopsyche chilensis[6]
Thecla betulae (Brown Hairstreak)[6]
Theria primaria (Early Moth)[6]
Theria rupicapraria[9]
Tischeria gaunacella[6]
Tolype velleda[6]
Triphosa haesitata[6]
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)[9]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[9]
Valsaria insitiva[9]
Venturia carpophila[9]
Vitula serratilineella[6]
Xyleborus dispar[8]
Xylesthia pruniramiella[6]
Yponomeuta evonymella (Full-spotted Ermel Moth)[6]
Yponomeuta padella (Common Hawthorn Ermel Moth)[6]
Zale lunata (Lunate Zale)[6]
Zeuzera pyrina (leopard moth)[8]


Parasitized by 
Diaporthe perniciosa[9]
Erysiphe prunastri[9]
Ganoderma lucidum[9]
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[13]
Helicotylenchus multicinctus[13]
Macroposthonia xenoplax <Unverified Name>[13]
Mesocriconema xenoplax[9]
Podosphaera tridactyla[9]
Tranzschelia discolor[9]
Viscum album (European mistletoe)[9]


Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
11New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
13Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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