Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rosaceae > Prunus > Prunus persica

Prunus persica (peach)

Synonyms: Amygdalus laevis; Amygdalus persica; Amygdalus persica f. pendula; Amygdalus persica f. stellata; Amygdalus persica f. versicolor; Amygdalus persica var. aganopersica; Amygdalus persica var. alboplena; Amygdalus persica var. nectarina; Amygdalus persica var. nucipersica; Amygdalus persica var. sinensis; Amygdalus persica var. stellata; Persica domestica; Persica laevis; Persica nucipersica; Persica pendula; Persica platycarpa; Persica vulgaris; Persica vulgaris subsp. laevis; Persica vulgaris var. aganopersica; Persica vulgaris var. compressa; Persica vulgaris var. haematocarpa; Persica vulgaris var. isolata; Persica vulgaris var. laevis; Persica vulgaris var. leucocarpa; Persica vulgaris var. tomentosa; Persica vulgaris var. versicolor; Persica vulgaris var. xanthocarpa; Prunus daemonifuga; Prunus persica f. aganopersica; Prunus persica f. alba; Prunus persica f. albescens; Prunus persica f. alboplena; Prunus persica f. compressa; Prunus persica f. rubroplena; Prunus persica f. uninensis; Prunus persica subsp. nucipersica; Prunus persica var. compressa; Prunus persica var. nectarina; Prunus persica var. platycarpa; Prunus persica var. uninensis; Prunus persica var. vulgaris

Wikipedia Abstract

The peach (Prunus persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Shan mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated. It bears an edible juicy fruit called a peach or a nectarine. The People's Republic of China is the world's largest producer of peaches.
View Wikipedia Record: Prunus persica



Height [2]  20 feet (6 m)
Width [2]  20 feet (6 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  The seed can contain high levels of hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. This toxin is readily detected by its bitter taste. Usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm, any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten; In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Specific Gravity [4]  0.5
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A green dye can be obtained from the leaves; Yellow according to another report; A dark grey to green dye can be obtained from the fruit; A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed; It is used as a substitute for almond oil in skin creams; The bruised leaves, when rubbed within any container, will remove strong odours such as garlic or cloves so long as any grease has first been fully cleaned off; A gum obtained from the stem is used as an adhesive;
View Plants For A Future Record : Prunus persica

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Emblem of



Abagrotis alternata (greater red dart)[5]
Abagrotis barnesi[5]
Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[6]
Acalitus phloeocoptes <Unverified Name>[6]
Acantholybas brunneus[7]
Acleris fimbriana[5]
Acleris minuta[5]
Acrobasis indigenella[5]
Acronicta longa (Long-winged Dagger Moth)[5]
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)[5]
Acronicta rumicis (Knot Grass)[6]
Acronicta strigosa (Marsh Dagger)[5]
Acronicta tridens (Dark Dagger)[5]
Aculus cornutus[8]
Aculus fockeui[6]
Aleimma loeflingiana[5]
Alsophila aescularia (March Moth)[5]
Amblypelta nitida (Fruitspotting Bug)[7]
Ambrosiodmus compressus[8]
Anarsia lineatella (Peach twig borer)[5]
Anastrepha distincta[9]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha ornata[9]
Anastrepha serpentina (sapote fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha sororcula[9]
Anastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha turicai[9]
Anastrepha turpiniae[9]
Andaspis hawaiiensis (Hawaiian scale)[10]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[7]
Apamea devastator (glassy cutworm)[5]
Archips argyrospila[7]
Archips podana (Large Fruit-tree Tortrix)[5]
Archips termias[5]
Argyresthia albistria[5]
Argyresthia pruniella (Cherry Fruit Moth)[5]
Artace cribraria[5]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[10]
Aspidiotus nerii (ivy scale)[6]
Asterodiaspis pustulans <Unverified Name>[6]
Astetholida lucida[8]
Blastodacna pyrigalla[5]
Boisea trivittata (boxelder bug)[7]
Borocera madagascariensis[5]
Brachycaudus amygdalinus[6]
Brachycaudus persicae (Black peach aphid)[6]
Brachycaudus prunicola schwartzi[6]
Bryobia rubrioculus[6]
Caligula japonica (Japanese Giant Silkworm)[5]
Caliroa cerasi (pearslug)[7]
Calyptra ophideroides[5]
Carposina sasakii (Peach Fruit Moth)[5]
Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)[7]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[10]
Ceroplastes japonicus (fig wax scale)[10]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[10]
Ceroplastes quadrilineatus[10]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[10]
Chionaspis furfura (Harris's bark-louse)[10]
Chlidaspis asiatica (Asiatic plum scale)[10]
Choristoneura longicellana[5]
Clavaspis disclusa (decluse scale)[10]
Coccus hesperidium <Unverified Name>[8]
Conotrachelus nenuphar (Plum weevil)[7]
Creontiades dilutus[7]
Cryptophasa albacosta[5]
Cryptophasa unipunctana[5]
Ctenopseustis obliquana[8]
Cydia molesta <Unverified Name>[6]
Cydia pomonella (Codling moth)[7]
Cystidia couaggaria[5]
Diaspidiotus africanus (grey scale)[10]
Diaspidiotus ancylus (Howard scale)[10]
Diaspidiotus forbesi (cherry scale)[10]
Diaspidiotus juglansregiae (English walnut scale)[10]
Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (European fruit scale)[6]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[10]
Diaspidiotus prunorum[10]
Diaspidiotus pyri[6]
Dichomeris fasciella[5]
Dichomeris picrocarpa[5]
Dichomeris tostella[5]
Didesmococcus unifasciatus[10]
Diglossa baritula (Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer)[11]
Diloba caeruleocephala[5]
Diptacus gigantorhynchus[6]
Doratifera vulnerans (Mottled cup moth)[5]
Drosicha corpulenta[10]
Dysgonia algira (Passenger)[5]
Egybolis vaillantina (Moth)[5]
Enarmonia albicana[5]
Enarmonia formosana (Cherry-bark Moth)[5]
Epidiaspis leperii (European pear scale)[10]
Epiphyas postvittana (Light brown apple moth)[8]
Erannis defoliaria (Mottled Umber Moth)[5]
Eulecanium caryae (large hickory lecanium)[10]
Eulecanium kunmingi[10]
Eulecanium kunoense (kuno scale)[10]
Eulecanium nocivum[10]
Eulecanium rugulosum[10]
Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale)[6]
Euproctis pulverea[5]
Euproctis subflava[5]
Eupsilia sidus[5]
Euxoa messoria (darksided cutworm)[5]
Euxoa scandens (white cutworm)[5]
Euzophera bigella[5]
Evippe syrictis[5]
Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)[7]
Gastropacha quercifolia (Lappet)[5]
Gelasma illiturata[5]
Glyptoteles leucacrinella[5]
Gnorimoschema banksiella[5]
Goacampa olcesta[5]
Gonionota melobaphes[5]
Grapholita funebrana (Plum Fruit Moth)[5]
Grapholita molesta[5]
Gynanisa maja[5]
Haploa clymene (Clymene Moth)[5]
Haploa colona[5]
Haploa lecontei (Leconte's Haploa)[5]
Hedya dimidioalba[6]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[10]
Hyalopterus pruni (Mealy plum aphid)[6]
Hypercompe indecisa[5]
Hysteroneura setariae (Rusty plum aphid)[7]
Imbrasia wahlbergi[5]
Inurois fletcheri[5]
Iphiclides podalirius (Scarce Swallowtail)[5]
Kallima inachus (Dead-leaf butterfly)[5]
Kalotermes brouni[8]
Labdia semicoccinea[5]
Labedera proxima[5]
Lacanobia subjuncta[5]
Langia zenzeroides[5]
Lepidosaphes conchiformis (fig oystershell scale)[10]
Lepidosaphes malicola (Armenian comma hard scale)[10]
Lepidosaphes pinnaeformis (cymbidium scale)[10]
Lepidosaphes tubulorum (tube scale)[10]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[10]
Lithophane antennata (green fruitworm)[5]
Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug)[7]
Lyonetia clerkella (Apple Leaf Miner Moth)[5]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[10]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[7]
Malacosoma incurva[5]
Malacosoma neustria (Lackey moth)[6]
Maladera castanea (Asiatic garden beetle)[7]
Marumba gaschkewitschii[5]
Megalopyge lanata[5]
Megalopyge urens[5]
Melanaspis tenebricosa (gloomy scale)[10]
Mercetaspis halli (hall scale)[10]
Mercetaspis peshawarensis[10]
Mesolecanium nigrofasciatum (terrapin scale)[10]
Monilinia laxa[7]
Moodna ostrinella[5]
Mucor piriformis (Mucor rot)[7]
Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid)[6]
Myzus varians[6]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[10]
Neoris haraldi[5]
Neurotoma saltuum <Unverified Name>[6]
Oemona hirta[8]
Oraesia emarginata[5]
Oraesia excavata[5]
Orthodes cynica[5]
Orthosia rubescens[5]
Pachypasa capensis[5]
Pachypasa subfascia[5]
Panonychus ulmi (European red mite)[6]
Papilio canadensis (Canadian Tiger Swallowtail)[7]
Papilio eurymedon (Pale swallowtail)[5]
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)[7]
Papilio rutulus (Western tiger swallowtail)[7]
Papilio troilus (spicebush swallowtail)[5]
Parabemisia myricae (bayberry whitefly)[12]
Parachronistis albiceps[5]
Parasa latistriga[5]
Parlatoria desolator[10]
Parlatoria oleae (olive parlatoria scale)[10]
Parlatoria proteus (common parlatoria scale)[10]
Parlatoria theae (tea parlatoria scale)[10]
Parlatoria yunnanensis[10]
Parthenolecanium cerasifex[10]
Parthenolecanium pruinosum (frosted scale)[10]
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)[7]
Phenacoccus graminicola (ryegrass mealybug)[10]
Phorodon humuli (hop aphid)[6]
Phyllobius oblongus[6]
Phyllonorycter cerasicolella[5]
Phyllonorycter crataegella[5]
Phyllonorycter messaniella (Oak leafminer)[8]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[10]
Planotortrix excessana (Greenheaded leafroller)[5]
Planotortrix octo <Unverified Name>[8]
Platynota flavedana[5]
Proeulia chrysopteris[5]
Prosoeuzophera impletella[5]
Protorthodes rufula[5]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[10]
Pseudococcus comstocki (Comstock mealybug)[10]
Pseudococcus dolichomelos (false trochanter mealybug)[10]
Pseudoparlatoria parlatorioides (false parlatoria scale)[10]
Psorosticha zizyphi (Citrus leafroller moth)[5]
Pteropus dasymallus inopinatus (Orii’s flying-fox)[13]
Pulvinaria amygdali[10]
Pulvinaria persicae[10]
Pulvinaria rhois (fruit tree Pulvinaria)[10]
Pulvinaria vitis (cottony vine scale)[10]
Putoniella pruni[6]
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)[7]
Pyrrharctia isabella (banded woollybear)[5]
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)[14]
Recurvaria leucatella (Lesser Budmoth)[5]
Recurvaria nanella[5]
Resseliella oculiperda[6]
Rhagoletis pomonella (apply maggot)[15]
Rhizoecus americanus[10]
Rhizoecus falcifer (ground mealybug)[10]
Rhodococcus turanicus[10]
Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae (water lily aphid)[6]
Rhynchites bacchus[6]
Rothschildia aurota[5]
Rothschildia hesperus[5]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[10]
Saissetia persimilis (black scale)[10]
Salicicola archangelskyae (Archangelskaya scale)[10]
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)[7]
Scoliopteryx libatrix (herald moth)[5]
Scolytus rugulosus (shothole borer)[6]
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa (humpbacked scorpionfish)[7]
Scythropia crataegella[5]
Serrodes partita[5]
Sibine nesea[5]
Smerinthus ocellata[5]
Spaelotis clandestina (Clandestine Dart)[5]
Sphaerolecanium prunastri (globose scale)[10]
Sphinx drupiferarum (plum tree sphinx)[5]
Spilosoma virginica (yellow woollybear)[7]
Spodoptera praefica (yellowstripe armyworm)[5]
Streblote capensis[5]
Synanthedon hector[5]
Synanthedon pictipes[5]
Synanthedon vespiformis (Yellow-legged Clearwing)[5]
Taeniothrips inconsequens (Pear thrip)[7]
Telphusa chloroderces[5]
Telphusa euryzeucta[5]
Thecla betulae (Brown Hairstreak)[5]
Thrips obscuratus <Unverified Name>[8]
Tinginotum minutum[7]
Trichosea champa[5]
Venturia carpophila[7]
Xyleborus dispar[7]
Zizyphia cleodorella[5]


Parasitized by 
Coslenchus costatus[7]
Diaporthe perniciosa[7]
Helicotylenchus multicinctus[7]
Ileostylus micranthus (Mistletoe)[7]
Podosphaera pannosa[7]
Stigmina carpophila[7]
Tranzschelia discolor[7]




Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
9Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
10Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
11Jorge E. Schondube, Eduardo Santana C., Irma Ruan-Tejeda. (2003) Biannual Cycles of the Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Biotropica 35:2, 250-261
12Parabemisia myricae (Kuwana) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae: Aleyrodinae), Avas B. Hamon, Ru Nguyen, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, and Harold Browning, University of Florida, June 2000. Latest revision: August 2014
13The role of Orii’s flying-fox (Pteropus dasymallus inopinatus) as a pollinator and a seed disperser on Okinawa-jima Island, the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan; Atsushi Nakamoto, Kazumitsu Kinjo Masako Izawa; Ecol Res (2009) 24: 405–414
15Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae), H.V. Weems, Jr., Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry; and T.R. Fasulo, University of Florida, January 2002. Latest revision: March 2015
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access