Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rosaceae > Sorbus > Sorbus aria

Sorbus aria (Whitebeam)

Wikipedia Abstract

Sorbus aria (syn. Aria nivea), the whitebeam or common whitebeam is a European and Near-Eastern deciduous tree, the type species of the subgenus of the whitebeams. Typically compact and domed, with few upswept branches and almost-white underside of the leaves. It generally favours dry limestone and chalk soils.
View Wikipedia Record: Sorbus aria



Height [2]  39 feet (12 m)
Width [2]  26 feet (8 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Light Preference [4]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [4]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [4]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Mostly Dry
Dispersal Mode [5]  Endozoochory
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  The seeds probably contain hydrogen cyanide. This is the ingredient that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. Unless the seed is very bitter it should be perfectly safe in reasonable quantities. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Specific Gravity [6]  0.641
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  Very tolerant of exposed maritime conditions, it makes a good windbreak tree near the coast; A useful pioneer species, especially on chalky soils and in windy situations; Wood - hard, heavy, close grained. Used for beams etc;
View Plants For A Future Record : Sorbus aria

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cerová vrchovina a Rimavská kotlina 76986 Slovakia  
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Fontmell and Melbury Downs 644 England, United Kingdom
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Monte Generoso 586 Italy  
Monti del Gennargentu 110493 Italy  
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Sierra Espuña 43691 Spain  
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Strathglass Complex 58277 Scotland, United Kingdom
Strážovské vrchy 147080 Slovakia  
Supramonte di Oliena, Orgosolo e Urzulei - Su Sercone 58040 Italy  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Ve¾ká Fatra 149348 Slovakia  
Vihorlat 133079 Slovakia  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  



Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale <Unverified Name>[7]
Acleris cristana (Rufous-margined Button Moth)[8]
Agrilus sinuatus[9]
Alebra wahlbergi[9]
Alnetoidia alneti[9]
Aphis pomi (Apple aphid)[9]
Argyresthia conjugella (Apple Fruit Moth)[8]
Argyresthia semifusca[8]
Argyresthia sorbiella[8]
Cacopsylla albipes[9]
Choreutis pariana <Unverified Name>[9]
Coleophora serratella (birch casebearer)[9]
Contarinia floriperda[9]
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)[10]
Cydia pomonella (Codling moth)[9]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[11]
Edwardsiana frustrator[9]
Edwardsiana rosae (Rose leafhopper)[9]
Epidiaspis leperii (European pear scale)[11]
Fagocyba cruenta[9]
Hoplocampa ariae <Unverified Name>[9]
Numonia advenella <Unverified Name>[9]
Nymphalis polychloros (Large Tortoiseshell Butterfly)[9]
Opisthograptis luteolata (Brimstone Moth)[9]
Pamphilius sylvaticus <Unverified Name>[7]
Paraswammerdamia lutarea <Unverified Name>[9]
Parornix scoticella[8]
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)[9]
Phyllonorycter blancardella[8]
Phyllonorycter corylifoliella[8]
Phyllonorycter mespilella[8]
Phyllonorycter sorbi[8]
Physatocheila dumetorum[9]
Phytoptus pyri <Unverified Name>[9]
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)[12]
Rhogogaster chlorosoma <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhogogaster punctulata <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae (apple grain aphid)[9]
Ribautiana cruciata[9]
Ribautiana ulmi[9]
Scolytus mali (larger shothole borer)[9]
Septoria sorbi[7]
Spilosoma luteum <Unverified Name>[9]
Stigmella mespilicola[9]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[10]
Tenthredo livida <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrastes bonasia (Hazel Grouse)[13]
Tingis angustata[9]
Torymus druparum[9]
Trachys minutus <Unverified Name>[9]
Turdus iliacus (Redwing)[10]
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)[10]
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)[10]
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)[10]
Vasates arianus <Unverified Name>[9]
Venturia inaequalis (Apple Scab)[7]


Parasitized by 
Septoria sorbi[7]
Venturia inaequalis[7]




Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
6Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
7Ecology of Commanster
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
9Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
10Birds and berries: a study of an ecological interaction. Calton, Great Britain, Snow B.K., Snow D.W., 1988, T & AD Poyser. 268 p.
11Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
12Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
13del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access