Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rosaceae > Crataegus > Crataegus crus-galli

Crataegus crus-galli (cockspur hawthorn)

Synonyms: Crataegus acutifolia; Crataegus acutifolia var. insignis; Crataegus algens; Crataegus alpestris; Crataegus barrettiana; Crataegus bellica; Crataegus bosciana; Crataegus bushii; Crataegus canbyi; Crataegus cherokeensis; Crataegus cocksii; Crataegus coursetiana; Crataegus crus-galli var. barrettiana; Crataegus crus-galli var. bellica; Crataegus crus-galli var. capillata; Crataegus crus-galli var. exigua; Crataegus crus-galli var. leptophylla; Crataegus crus-galli var. macra; Crataegus crus-galli var. oblongata; Crataegus crus-galli var. pachyphylla; Crataegus crus-galli var. pyracanthifolia; Crataegus danielsii; Crataegus denaria; Crataegus exigua; Crataegus fecunda; Crataegus hannibalensis; Crataegus intermixta; Crataegus laurifolia; Crataegus lavallei; Crataegus leptophylla; Crataegus linearifolia; Crataegus linearis; Crataegus lucida; Crataegus macra; Crataegus operta; Crataegus ovalifolia; Crataegus pachyphylla; Crataegus palliata; Crataegus permixta; Crataegus prunellifolia; Crataegus pyracanthifolia; Crataegus pyracanthoides; Crataegus sabineana; Crataegus salicifolia; Crataegus schizophylla; Crataegus signata; Crataegus splendens; Crataegus stipulacea; Crataegus subpilosa; Crataegus tantula; Crataegus tenax; Crataegus triumphalis; Crataegus uniqua; Crataegus vallicola; Crataegus viridis; Crataegus watsoniana; Mespilus badiata; Mespilus bosciana; Mespilus cuneifolia; Mespilus elliptica; Mespilus fontanesiana; Mespilus linearis; Mespilus lucida; Mespilus maxima; Mespilus nana; Mespilus ovalifolia; Mespilus poiretiana; Mespilus prunellifolia; Mespilus pyracanthifolia; Mespilus salicifolia; Mespilus trewiana; Mespilus watsoniana; Oxyacantha crus-galli; Phaenopyrum trewianum; Phaenopyrum viride

Wikipedia Abstract

Crataegus × lavallei, sometimes simply known as Crataegus lavallei or Lavallée's hawthorn, is a hybrid that arose between cultivated specimens of two species in the genus Crataegus (Hawthorn).The female parent was C. mexicana (sometimes mistakenly called C. pubescens), and the male parent is thought to be C. calpodendron (which is sometimes mistakenly called C. crus-galli).Carrière's hawthorn, C. × carrieri has the same parentage, and is therefore a synonym, i.e. the same species.
View Wikipedia Record: Crataegus crus-galli



Height [3]  33 feet (10 m)
Width [3]  33 feet (10 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [2]  Low
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Red
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  90 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Midges
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Scent [3]  The flowers have an unpleasant smell like decaying fish, though when freshly open they also have a pleasant balsamic undertone.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  5000 / lb (11023 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  Very amenable to trimming, the plant can even be cut right back into very old wood and will resprout freely. It is often used as a hedge; Wood - fine-grained, hard and heavy. Used for tool handles etc;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Crataegus crus-galli

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States


Chionaspis furfura (Harris's bark-louse)[4]
Dasineura oxyacanthae[5]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[4]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[4]
Lochmaea crataegi <Unverified Name>[5]


Pollinated by 
Acmaeodera tubulus[6]
Agapostemon texanus[7]
Ancistrocerus capra <Unverified Name>[6]
Ancistrocerus tigris <Unverified Name>[6]
Andrena dunningi[6]
Andrena erythrogastra <Unverified Name>[6]
Andrena macoupinensis[7]
Andrena mandibularis[6]
Andrena personata[6]
Anthemois centuncularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[6]
Bombias auricomus <Unverified Name>[6]
Bombias separatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Bombus americanorum[6]
Bombus impatiens[6]
Bombylius major (Bee fly)[6]
Camptoneura picta <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceratina dupla (Little carpenter bee)[6]
Cheilosia pallipes[7]
Chelonus sericeus[7]
Chelostoma philadelphi[6]
Chloralictus pilosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Chloralictus sparsus <Unverified Name>[6]
Chloralictus tegularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Chloralictus versatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Chloralictus zephyrus <Unverified Name>[6]
Coelioxys alternata[7]
Colletes inaequalis[6]
Cyaniris pseudargiolus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cynomyia cadaverina <Unverified Name>[6]
Didea fasciata[6]
Empis distans[6]
Eristalis dimidiatus[6]
Eristalis stipator[6]
Eristalis transversus <Unverified Name>[6]
Eumenes fraternus (potter wasp)[6]
Euphoria fulgida[6]
Evylaeus foxii <Unverified Name>[6]
Evylaeus pectoralis <Unverified Name>[6]
Feltia subgothica (Dingy cutworm)[7]
Helophilus fasciatus[6]
Ichneumon ambulatorius[7]
Laertias philenor <Unverified Name>[6]
Leionotus anormis <Unverified Name>[6]
Leionotus foraminatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Leionotus scrophulariae[7]
Mallota cimbiciformis[6]
Mallota posticata[7]
Mesogramma geminata <Unverified Name>[6]
Molorchus bimaculatus[6]
Morellia micans[6]
Onthophagus pennsylvanicus[7]
Orthoneura nitida <Unverified Name>[6]
Oxystoglossa similis <Unverified Name>[6]
Parandrena andrenoides <Unverified Name>[6]
Peleteria robusta[7]
Pemphredon inornata[6]
Phorbia acra <Unverified Name>[6]
Phorbia platura <Unverified Name>[6]
Phormia regina (Black blowfly)[6]
Pipiza femoralis[7]
Polistes fuscatus (Paper wasp)[6]
Prosopis crataegi <Unverified Name>[6]
Prosopis illinoensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Prosopis pygmaea <Unverified Name>[6]
Prosopis saniculae <Unverified Name>[6]
Prosopis ziziae <Unverified Name>[6]
Protophormia terraenovae (northern blowfly)[6]
Rhamphomyia gilvipilosa[7]
Rhamphomyia mutabilis[6]
Rhopalum scutellatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Sarcophaga sinuata[7]
Seladonia fasciata <Unverified Name>[6]
Spallanzania hesperidarum[7]
Stratiomys normula[6]
Symmorphus debilis <Unverified Name>[6]
Symmorphus walshianus <Unverified Name>[6]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[6]
Tetralonia dilecta <Unverified Name>[6]
Trachandrena claytoniae <Unverified Name>[6]
Trachandrena crataegi <Unverified Name>[6]
Trachandrena forbesii <Unverified Name>[6]
Volucella vesiculosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Xanthogramma emarginata <Unverified Name>[6]
Zaira georgiae[7]




Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access