Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rosaceae > Eriobotrya > Eriobotrya japonica

Eriobotrya japonica (loquat)

Synonyms: Mespilus japonica; Photinia japonica

Wikipedia Abstract

The loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae, native to south-central China. It is a large evergreen shrub or small tree, grown commercially for its yellow fruit, and also cultivated as an ornamental plant.Eriobotrya japonica was formerly thought to be closely related to the genus Mespilus, and is still sometimes known as the Japanese medlar. It is also known as Japanese plum and Chinese plum.
View Wikipedia Record: Eriobotrya japonica

Invasive Species

Eriobotrya japonica has been introduced to warm regions as a fruit or ornamental tree. In various Pacific islands and La Runion, it can be invasive in natural environments.
View ISSG Record: Eriobotrya japonica


Height [2]  30 feet (9 m)
Width [2]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  The seed is slightly poisonous. This report probably refers to the hydrogen cyanide that is found in many plants of this family, the seed should only be used in small amounts if it is bitter; In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Scent [2]  The flowers emit a most potent oriental perfume.
Specific Gravity [4]  0.88
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  Wood - hard, close grained. Used for rulers etc;
View Plants For A Future Record : Eriobotrya japonica

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Amistad Biosphere Reserve II 493313 Costa Rica  


Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Acrobasis indigenella[6]
Adoxophyes orana (Summer Fruit Tortrix)[6]
Anastrepha distincta[7]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[7]
Anastrepha obliqua (west indian fruit fly)[7]
Anastrepha serpentina (sapote fruit fly)[7]
Anastrepha sororcula[7]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[7]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[5]
Arna bipunctapex[6]
Asterococcus muratae[5]
Blastobasis eriobotryae[6]
Ceroplastes japonicus (fig wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[5]
Clavaspis herculeana (cassia bark scale)[8]
Coryphodema tristis[6]
Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)[9]
Corythucha cydoniae (hawthorn lace bug)[10]
Cryptoblabes gnidiella[6]
Cydia pomonella (Codling moth)[6]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[5]
Diaspidiotus uvae (grape scale)[5]
Dichomeris ochthophora[6]
Eriogyna pyretorum (Moth)[6]
Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale)[11]
Euproctis rufopunctata[6]
Fiorinia neriifolii[5]
Grapholita molesta[6]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[5]
Hypercompe hambletoni[6]
Hypocala andremona[6]
Leucophobetron argentiflua[6]
Lobesia aeolopa[6]
Megalopyge defoliata[6]
Micronycteris megalotis (little big-eared bat)[12]
Moodna ostrinella[6]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[5]
Neoselenaspidus silvaticus[5]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[5]
Otospermophilus beecheyi (California ground squirrel)[8]
Parasa canangae[6]
Parlatoreopsis chinensis (Chinese obscure scale)[5]
Parlatoria oleae (olive parlatoria scale)[5]
Phenacoccus gossypii (Mexican mealybug)[5]
Phenacoccus pergandei[5]
Phidotricha erigens[6]
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)[13]
Planococcus japonicus (Japanese mealybug)[5]
Planococcus litchi[5]
Platynota rostrana[6]
Pogononeura xantholepis[6]
Polytmus guainumbi (White-tailed Goldenthroat)[9]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[5]
Pteropus dasymallus inopinatus (Orii’s flying-fox)[14]
Pulvinaria aurantii[5]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[5]
Rhizoecus simplex[5]
Rhodothraupis celaeno (Crimson-collared Grosbeak)[15]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]
Streblote cuneata[6]
Strymon melinus (cotton square borer)[8]
Synanthedon typhiaeformis[6]
Timocratica albella[6]
Vanessa atalanta (red admiral)[8]
Vinicia phloeophaga[6]
Yezoterpnosia vacua[8]
Zamagiria laidion[6]




Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Corythucha cydoniae (Fitch) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Tingidae), F.W. Mead (retired), Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry; and T.R. Fasulo, University of Florida, May 1999. Latest revision: August 2015
11Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
12Micronycteris megalotis, Alfonso Alonso-Mejía and Rodrigo A. Medellín, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 376, pp. 1-6 (1991)
13Phyllostomus hastatus, Mery Santos, Luis F. Aguirre, Luis B. Vázquez, and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 722, pp. 1–6 (2003)
14The role of Orii’s flying-fox (Pteropus dasymallus inopinatus) as a pollinator and a seed disperser on Okinawa-jima Island, the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan; Atsushi Nakamoto, Kazumitsu Kinjo Masako Izawa; Ecol Res (2009) 24: 405–414
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access