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Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)

Wikipedia Abstract

Rubus laciniatus, the Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry or Evergreen Blackberry, is a species of Rubus native to Europe. it is an introduced species in North America. It has become a weed and invasive species in forested habitats in the western and eastern United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Rubus laciniatus

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  8.2 feet (2.5 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Porous
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [1]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [1]  White
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Black
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Early Summer
Drought Tolerance [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  High
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [1]  5 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Fall
Growth Form [1]  Thicket Forming
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera, Apomictic
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Seed, Sprig
Root Depth [1]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Vigor [1]  Medium
Seeds Per [1]  137000 / lb (302033 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [2]  Shrub
Usage [2]  A purple to dull blue dye is obtained from the fruit;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  Rapid
View Plants For A Future Record : Rubus laciniatus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Oregon Caves National Monument V 456 Oregon, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
San Juan Island National Historical Park III 1674 Washington, United States

Ecosystems

Predators

Acalitus essigi (redberry mite)[3]
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)[4]
Aphis ruborum[3]
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)[4]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[4]
Contarinia rubicola[3]
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)[4]
Dasineura plicatrix[3]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[4]
Dolichovespula maculata (baldfaced hornet)[4]
Hemaris thysbe (common clear-wing)[4]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[4]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[4]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[4]
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)[4]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[4]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[4]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[4]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[4]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[4]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[4]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[4]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[4]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[4]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Hemaris thysbe (common clear-wing)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[4]
Shelter for 
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[4]
Calosoma scrutator (Fiery searcher)[4]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[4]
Dynastes tityus (Eastern hercules beetle)[4]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[4]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[4]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[4]
Misumena vatia (flower spider)[4]
Phanaeus vindex (Dung beetle)[4]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[4]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[4]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[4]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[4]
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)[4]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[4]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[4]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[4]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[4]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[4]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[4]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[4]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by Svalbard Global Seed Vault, Norway Ministry of Agriculture and Food - February 2013