Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Myrtales > Onagraceae > Epilobium angustifolium > Epilobium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium
 

Epilobium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb)

Synonyms: Chamaenerion angustifolium; Chamaenerion angustifolium f. pubescens; Chamaenerion angustifolium var. album; Chamaenerion angustifolium var. pubescens; Chamaenerion denticulatum; Chamaenerion speciosum; Chamerion angustifolium; Chamerion angustifolium f. pleniflorum; Chamerion spicatum; Epilobium angustifolium f. leucanthum; Epilobium angustifolium var. intermedium; Epilobium angustifolium var. pubescens; Epilobium antonianum; Epilobium brachycarpum; Epilobium difforme; Epilobium elatum; Epilobium gesneri; Epilobium gracile; Epilobium intermedium; Epilobium leiostylon; Epilobium macrocarpum; Epilobium montanum; Epilobium neriifolium; Epilobium persicifolium; Epilobium rubrum; Epilobium salicifolium; Epilobium spicatum; Epilobium variabile; Epilobium verticillatum; Pyrogennema angustifolium

Wikipedia Abstract

Chamerion angustifolium, commonly known as Fireweed (mainly in North America), Great Willow-herb (some parts of Canada), or Rosebay Willowherb, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the willowherb family Onagraceae. It is native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, including large parts of the boreal forests.

Attributes

Height [3]  4.9 feet (1.5 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Rich
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue
Flower Color [2]  Pink
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Structure [5]  Herb

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Aniakchak National Monument National Preserve Ib 458519 Alaska, United States
Arabako Hegoaldeko Mendilerroak / Sierras Meridionales de Álava 40518 Spain  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Ben Lawers 12423 Scotland, United Kingdom
Ben Nevis 23023 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Ib 2823882 Alaska, United States
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Ingleborough Complex 14256 England, United Kingdom
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Ib 386679 Alaska, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Merrick Kells 21494 Scotland, United Kingdom
Migneint–Arenig–Dduallt 49343 Wales, United Kingdom
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Strathglass Complex 58277 Scotland, United Kingdom
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Emblem of

Yukon Territory

Predators

Acronicta euphorbiae (Sweet Gale Moth)[6]
Actebia praecox (Portland Moth)[6]
Adelges abietis (Aphid)[7]
Aglais io <Unverified Name>[8]
Albuna pyramidalis[6]
Alces alces (moose)[7]
Altica lythri <Unverified Name>[8]
Altica oleracea <Unverified Name>[8]
Altica palustris <Unverified Name>[8]
Amphion floridensis (Nessus sphinx)[6]
Amphipyra tragopoginis (mouse)[6]
Anthophila fabriciana (Nettle-tap Moth)[8]
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)[8]
Araschnia levana (Map Butterfly)[8]
Atrococcus groenlandensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)[8]
Bombus jonellus (Heath Humble-bee)[8]
Bombus lapidarius (Stone Humble-bee)[8]
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)[8]
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)[8]
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)[8]
Bombus rupestris (Hill Cuckoo-bee)[8]
Bombus vestalis (Vestal Cuckoo-bee)[8]
Bromius obscurus (Western Grape Rootworm)[8]
Calliphora vicina (Blue bottlefly)[8]
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)[7]
Cerastis rubricosa (Red Chestnut)[6]
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)[10]
Deilephila elpenor (Elephant Hawk-Moth)[6]
Deilephila porcellus (Small Elephant Hawk-moth)[6]
Dolichovespula sylvestris (Tree Wasp)[8]
Ecliptopera silaceata (Small Phoenix)[6]
Empis livida[8]
Empis variegata[8]
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)[8]
Eristalis lineata[8]
Eudryas unio (Pearly Wood-Nymph)[6]
Eupithecia satyrata (Satyr Pug Moth)[6]
Eupithecia subfuscata (gray pug)[6]
Eurois occulta (great gray dart)[6]
Gorytes quadrifasciatus[8]
Gymnoscelis rufifasciata (Double-striped Pug)[6]
Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris (Capybara)[11]
Hyles gallii (Bedstraw Hawk-Moth)[6]
Lasioglossum leucozonium[8]
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)[7]
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)[8]
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)[10]
Meliscaeva cinctella[8]
Mompha idaei[8]
Mompha raschkiella[8]
Naemorhedus goral (goral)[12]
Naenia typica (Gothic)[6]
Neomyia viridescens[8]
Orthosia gothica (Hebrew Character)[6]
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)[10]
Panorpa communis (common scorpionfly)[8]
Phaonia angelicae[8]
Phragmatobia fuliginosa (ruby tiger moth)[6]
Phyllobius glaucus[8]
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)[8]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[8]
Polietes lardarius <Unverified Name>[8]
Rhingia campestris[8]
Rhopalus maculatus[8]
Sarcophaga carnaria (Camouflaged Flesh Fly)[8]
Scathophaga stercoraria (Common Yellow Dung Fly)[8]
Scoliopteryx libatrix (herald moth)[6]
Scythris inspersella[6]
Scythris magnatella[6]
Scythris noricella[6]
Sericomyia silentis[8]
Siphona cristata[8]
Sitochroa verticalis[8]
Sonronius dahlbomi[8]
Spargania luctuata <Unverified Name>[8]
Spargania magnoliata[6]
Sphaerophoria fatarum[8]
Standfussiana lucernea (Northern Rustic)[6]
Tamias townsendii (Townsend's chipmunk)[13]
Tenthredo colon <Unverified Name>[8]
Tenthredo livida <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichodezia albovittata (white striped black)[6]
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)[10]
Ursus americanus (black bear)[10]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[7]
Utetheisa bella (bella moth)[6]
Vespula rufa (Red Wasp)[8]
Volucella bombylans[8]
Xylena exsoleta (Sword-grass)[6]
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)[7]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Aglais io <Unverified Name>[8]
Anthophila fabriciana (Nettle-tap Moth)[8]
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)[8]
Araschnia levana (Map Butterfly)[8]
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)[8]
Bombus jonellus (Heath Humble-bee)[8]
Bombus lapidarius (Stone Humble-bee)[8]
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)[8]
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)[8]
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)[8]
Bombus rupestris (Hill Cuckoo-bee)[8]
Bombus vestalis (Vestal Cuckoo-bee)[8]
Calliphora vicina (Blue bottlefly)[8]
Dolichovespula sylvestris (Tree Wasp)[8]
Empis livida[8]
Empis variegata[8]
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)[8]
Eristalis lineata[8]
Gorytes quadrifasciatus[8]
Lasioglossum leucozonium[8]
Meliscaeva cinctella[8]
Panorpa communis (common scorpionfly)[8]
Phaonia angelicae[8]
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)[8]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[8]
Rhingia campestris[8]
Sarcophaga carnaria (Camouflaged Flesh Fly)[8]
Scathophaga stercoraria (Common Yellow Dung Fly)[8]
Sericomyia silentis[8]
Siphona cristata[8]
Sitochroa verticalis[8]
Spargania luctuata <Unverified Name>[8]
Sphaerophoria fatarum[8]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[8]
Vespula rufa (Red Wasp)[8]
Volucella bombylans[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Mompha raschkiella[8]
Shelter for 
Sylvia borin (Garden Warbler)[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership

Distribution

Bassegi Zapovednik; North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287. 3PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004) 4Ellenberg, H., Weber, H.E., Dull, R., Wirth, V., Werner, W., Paulissen, D. (1991) Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Scripta Geobotanica 18, 1–248 5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 7Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 8Ecology of Commanster 9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 10Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 11Feeding Habits of Capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris, Linnaeus 1766), in the Ecological Reserve of Taim (ESEC - Taim) - South of Brazil, Lucélia do Valle Borges and Ioni Gonçalves Colares, Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, Vol.50, n. 3 : pp.409-416 May 2007 12Food plants and feeding habits of Himalayan ungulates, Anjali Awasthi, Sanjay Kr. Uniyal, Gopal S. Rawat and S. Sathyakumar, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 85, NO. 6, 25 SEPTEMBER 2003 13Tamias townsendii, Dallas A. Sutton, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 435, pp. 1-6 (1993)
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens - February 2013