Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Ageratum > Ageratum conyzoides
 

Ageratum conyzoides (Billygoat-weed)

Synonyms: Ageratum album; Ageratum arsenei; Ageratum brachystephanum; Ageratum ciliare; Ageratum coeruleum; Ageratum conyzoides f. album; Ageratum conyzoides f. conyzoides; Ageratum conyzoides f. obtusifolia; Ageratum conyzoides var. hirtum; Ageratum conyzoides var. inaequipaleaceum; Ageratum conyzoides var. pilosum; Ageratum cordifolium; Ageratum hirsutum; Ageratum hirtum; Ageratum humile; Ageratum iltisii; Ageratum latifolium; Ageratum latifolium var. galapageium; Ageratum latifolium var. latifolium; Ageratum microcarpum; Ageratum muticum; Ageratum nanum; Ageratum obtusifolium; Ageratum odoratum; Ageratum suffruticosum; Alomia microcarpa f. torresii; Cacalia mentrasto; Carelia brachystephana; Carelia conyzoides; Carelia mutica; Coelestina microcarpa; Coelestina suffruticosa; Eupatorium conyzoides; Eupatorium paleaceum; Sparganophorus obtusifolius

Wikipedia Abstract

Ageratum iltisii is a species of flowering plant in the Asteraceae family. It is endemic to Ecuador. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Ageratum conyzoides

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Ageratum conyzoides is a weed distributed in many tropical and subtropical countries and is often difficult to control. It is an established weed in the Himalayas where several invasion research studies have been conducted in the Shiwalik Ranges. It has been found that Ageratum significantly reduces total biomass and species number, that is, biodiversity. It also changes vegetation community structure and modifies the soil regieme.
View ISSG Record: Ageratum conyzoides

Attributes

Height [4]  39 inches (1 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue
Flower Color [2]  Violet
Flower Type [4]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [4]  Annual
Pollinators [4]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Scent [4]  The fresh plant is malodorous.
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [4]  The leaves and the flowers yield 0.2% essential oil with a powerful nauseating odour; The oil contains 5% eugenol, which has a pleasant odour; The oil from plants growing in Africa has an agreeable odour, consisting almost entirely of eugenol;
View Plants For A Future Record : Ageratum conyzoides

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Barra Honda National Park II 5689 Costa Rica  
Braulio Carrillo National Park II 117843 Costa Rica  
Chirripó National Park II 126117 Costa Rica  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  

Predators

Ceroplastes cirripediformis (barnacle scale)[5]
Frankliniella williamsi[6]
Insignorthezia insignis (croton bug)[5]
Mauremys sinensis (Chinese Striped-necked Turtle, Common thread turtle)[7]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[5]
Protortonia navesi[5]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Toxomerus crockeri[8]

Distribution

2 - Africa, ; 7 - Northern America, ; 8 - Southern America, ; 2 - Africa, 27 - Southern Africa, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Bangladesh (BAN), ; 2 - Africa, 22 - West Tropical Africa, Benin (BEN), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Belize (BLZ), ; 2 - Africa, 23 - West-Central Tropical Africa, Burundi (BUR), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil West-Central (BZC), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Southeast (BZL), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil North (BZN), ; 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), ; 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Colombia (CLM), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Costa Rica (COS), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Cape Verde (CVI), ; 2 - Africa, 24 - Northeast Tropical Africa, Ethiopia (ETH), ; 2 - Africa, 22 - West Tropical Africa, Guinea-Bissau (GNB), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Guatemala (GUA), ; 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Honduras (HON), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 2 - Africa, 22 - West Tropical Africa, Ivory Coast (IVO), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Kazan-retto (KZN), ; 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Leeward Is. (LEE), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Malaya (MLY), ; 2 - Africa, 22 - West Tropical Africa, Nigeria (NGA), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Nicaragua (NIC), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Ogasawara-shoto (OGA), ; 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Panamá (PAN), ; 2 - Africa, 23 - West-Central Tropical Africa, Rwanda (RWA), ; 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Samoa (SAM), ; 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Society Is. (SCI), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Thailand (THA), ; 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Trinidad-Tobago (TRT), ; 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Venezuela (VEN), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Vietnam (VIE), ; 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Windward Is. (WIN), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Buenos Aires (AGE-BA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Chaco (AGE-CH); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Corrientes (AGE-CN); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Entre Ríos (AGE-ER); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Misiones (AGE-MI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Jujuy (AGW-JU); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Salta (AGW-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northwest (AGW), Tucuman (AGW-TU); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Alabama (ALA), Alabama (ALA-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Assam (ASS-AS); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Manipur (ASS-MA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Meghalaya (ASS-ME); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Mizoram (ASS-MI); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Nagaland (ASS-NA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Tripura (ASS-TR); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Belize (BLZ), Belize (BLZ-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Bolivia (BOL), Bolivia (BOL-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), Bulgaria (BUL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil Northeast (BZE), Sergipe (BZE-SE); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Paraná (BZS-PR); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Rio Grande do Sul (BZS-RS); 8 - Southern America, 84 - Brazil, Brazil South (BZS), Santa Catarina (BZS-SC); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Cambodia (CBD), Cambodia (CBD-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Guizhou (CHC-GZ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Sichuan (CHC-SC); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Yunnan (CHC-YN); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Fujian (CHS-FJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Guangdong (CHS-GD); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Guangxi (CHS-GX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Jiangxi (CHS-JX); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Connecticut (CNT), Connecticut (CNT-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Cook Is. (COO), Cook Is. (COO-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Easter Is. (EAS), Easter Is. (EAS-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Ecuador (ECU), Ecuador (ECU-OO); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Egypt (EGY), Egypt (EGY-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, East Himalaya (EHM), Arunachal Pradesh (EHM-AP); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, El Salvador (ELS), El Salvador (ELS-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Fiji (FIJ), Fiji (FIJ-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Florida (FLA), Florida (FLA-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Channel Is. (FRA-CI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), France (FRA-FR); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Monaco (FRA-MO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, French Guiana (FRG), French Guiana (FRG-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Guatemala (GUA), Guatemala (GUA-OO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Guyana (GUY), Guyana (GUY-OO); 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), Hawaiian Is. (HAW-HI); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Honduras (HON), Honduras (HON-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Andhra Pradesh (IND-AP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Bihar (IND-BI); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Delhi (IND-DE); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Goa (IND-GO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Gujarat (IND-GU); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Haryana (IND-HA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Kerala (IND-KE); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Karnataka (IND-KT); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Madhya Pradesh (IND-MP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Maharashtra (IND-MR); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Orissa (IND-OR); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Punjab (IND-PU); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Rajasthan (IND-RA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Tamil Nadu (IND-TN); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Uttar Pradesh (IND-UP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), West Bengal (IND-WB); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Italy (ITA-IT); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), San Marino (ITA-SM); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Vatican City (ITA-VC); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Kentucky (KTY), Kentucky (KTY-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Laos (LAO), Laos (LAO-OO); 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Leeward Is. (LEE), Virgin Is. (LEE-VI); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Louisiana (LOU), Louisiana (LOU-OO); 2 - Africa, 29 - Western Indian Ocean, Madagascar (MDG), Madagascar (MDG-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), Madeira (MDR-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Maluku (MOL), Maluku (MOL-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Marquesas (MRQ), Marquesas (MRQ-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Maryland (MRY), Maryland (MRY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Mississippi (MSI), Mississippi (MSI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Missouri (MSO), Missouri (MSO-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Myanmar (MYA), Myanmar (MYA-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Myanmar (MYA), Myanmar (MYA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., North Carolina (NCA), North Carolina (NCA-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, New South Wales (NSW), New South Wales (NSW-NS); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Northern Territory (NTA), Northern Territory (NTA-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Niue (NUE), Niue (NUE-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Israel (PAL-IS); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Jordan (PAL-JO); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Panamá (PAN), Panamá (PAN-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Paraguay (PAR), Paraguay (PAR-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Peru (PER), Peru (PER-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Philippines (PHI), Philippines (PHI-OO); 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Puerto Rico (PUE), Puerto Rico (PUE-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 35 - Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia (SAU), Saudi Arabia (SAU-OO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Suriname (SUR), Surinam (SUR-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Taiwan (TAI), Taiwan (TAI-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Tonga (TON), Tonga (TON-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Uruguay (URU), Uruguay (URU-OO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Venezuela (VEN), Venezuela (VEN-OO); 8 - Southern America, 82 - Northern South America, Venezuela (VEN), Venezuela (VEN-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Western Australia (WAU), Western Australia (WAU-WA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, West Himalaya (WHM), Himachal Pradesh (WHM-HP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, West Himalaya (WHM), Jammu-Kashmir (WHM-JK); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Bosnia-Herzegovina (YUG-BH);;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Flann C., 2013-08-13, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287. 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6Species of Frankliniella Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from the Asian-Pacific Area, Chin-Ling Wang, Feng-Chyi Lin, Yi-Chung Chiu, and Hsien-Tzung Shih, Zoological Studies 49(6): 824-838 (2010) 7Food Habits of the Chinese Stripe-necked Turtle, Ocadia sinensis, in the Keeling River, Northern Taiwan, Tien-Hsi Chen and Kuang-Yang Lue, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 463-471, 1999 8Flower-visiting insects of the Galapagos Islands, McCullen, C. K. 1993. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69:95-106
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access