Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Calendula > Calendula officinalis
 

Calendula officinalis (Pot Marigold)

Synonyms: Calendula aurantiaca; Calendula eriocarpa; Calendula hydruntina; Calendula officinalis var. officinalis; Calendula officinalis var. prolifera; Calendula prolifera; Calendula santamariae; Calendula sinuata var. aurantiaca; Caltha officinalis

Wikipedia Abstract

Calendula officinalis (pot marigold, ruddles, common marigold, garden marigold, English marigold, or Scottish marigold) is a plant in the genus Calendula of the family Asteraceae. It is probably native to southern Europe, though its long history of cultivation makes its precise origin unknown, and it may possibly be of garden origin. It is also widely naturalised further north in Europe (north to southern England) and elsewhere in warm temperate regions of the world.
View Wikipedia Record: Calendula officinalis

Attributes

Height [2]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Width [2]  20 inches (0.5 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Rich
Soil Moisture [3]  Moist
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Scent [2]  All parts of the plant are pungently scented.
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [2]  The growing plant acts as an insect deterrent; The flowers are used cosmetically. They can be used in skin lotions and when added to hair shampoos will lighten the hair colour; The flowers are an alternative ingredient of 'Quick Return' compost activator; This is a dried and powdered mixture of several herbs that can be added to a compost heap in order to speed up bacterial activity and thus shorten the time needed to make the compost; A yellow dye is obtained from the boiled flowers; An essential oil is obtained from the plant; It is used rather sparingly, in view of the difficulty in obtaining it, in perfumes that have a rather sharp tang; The flowers close when wet weather is likely to occur and they can therefore be used as a rough means of weather forecasting;
View Plants For A Future Record : Calendula officinalis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Dartmoor 57244 England, United Kingdom
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Predators

Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[5]
Cynthia cardui[6]
Heliothis peltigera <Unverified Name>[7]
Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)[7]
Napomyza lateralis[7]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[5]
Phytomyza horticola <Unverified Name>[7]
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)[6]
Trupanea amoena[6]
Trupanea stellata[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Coleosporium tussilaginis[6]
Podosphaera fusca[6]
Puccinia lagenophorae[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999) 4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access