Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Lactuca > Lactuca serriola

Lactuca serriola (Wild Lettuce)

Synonyms: Hieracium lactuca; Lactuca albicaulis; Lactuca altaica; Lactuca angustifolia; Lactuca augustana; Lactuca auriculata; Lactuca bracteata; Lactuca coriacea; Lactuca crispa; Lactuca dubia; Lactuca elata; Lactuca laciniata; Lactuca latifolia; Lactuca officinarum; Lactuca palmata; Lactuca plicata; Lactuca pseudovirosa; Lactuca scariola; Lactuca schimperi; Lactuca serriola f. integrifolia; Lactuca serriola subsp. integrifolia; Lactuca tephrocarpa; Lactuca verticalis; Lactuca virosa; Wiestia spectabilis

Wikipedia Abstract

Lactuca serriola, also called prickly lettuce, milk thistle (not to be confused with Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle) compass plant, and scarole, is an annual or biennial plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. It is slightly foetid, and is commonly considered a weed of orchards, roadsides and field crops.
View Wikipedia Record: Lactuca serriola


Height [1]  4.9 feet (1.5 m)
Width [1]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [2]  Moist
Dispersal Mode [3]  Anemochory
Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [1]  The mature plant is mildly toxic;
Lifespan [1]  Biennial
Pollinators [1]  Bats
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [1]  The seed contains 35.2% of a semi-drying oil; It is used in soap making, paints, varnishes etc;
View Plants For A Future Record : Lactuca serriola

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument V 4731 Nebraska, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve V   Washington, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Fort Bowie National Historic Site III 1004 Arizona, United States
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Fort Larned National Historic Site III 706 Kansas, United States
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park III 2897 Georgia, United States
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Knife River Indian Villages National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1756 North Dakota, United States
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument V 755 Montana, United States
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Natural Bridges National Monument III 7412 Utah, United States
Nez Perce National Historical Park V 2076 Idaho, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pipe Spring National Monument V 41 Arizona, United States
Pipestone National Monument V 326 Minnesota, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Scotts Bluff National Monument V 3185 Nebraska, United States
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Table Mountain   California, United States      
Tigrovaia Balka Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 146860 Tajikistan  
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Vic Fazio Yolo Wildlife Area Wildlife Refuge   California, United States
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Walnut Canyon National Monument V 3386 Arizona, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wyperfeld National Park II 890865 Victoria, Australia
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States



Anomalosiphum essigi[5]
Callipepla californica (Californian Quail)[6]
Campiglossa misella[6]
Ceutorhynchus marginatus[5]
Cucullia umbratica (Shark)[5]
Ensina sonchi[6]
Eucosma conterminana (Lettuce Tortricid)[5]
Hecatera bicolorata[5]
Hecatera dysodea (Small Ranunculus)[5]
Hoplodrina ambigua (Vine’s Rustic)[5]
Marmota flaviventris (yellow-bellied marmot)[7]
Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)[5]
Trionymus multivorus (polyphagous mealybug)[8]
Trupanea amoena[5]
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)[6]


Parasitized by 
Bremia lactucae[6]
Golovinomyces cichoracearum[6]
Pollinator of 
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault




Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
3Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Predicting seasonal diet in the yellow-bellied marmot: success and failure for the linear programming model, G.P. Edwards, Oecologia (1997) 112:320-330
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access