Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Lactuca > Lactuca sativa
 

Lactuca sativa (Lettuce)

Synonyms: Lactuca esculenta; Lactuca integrata; Lactuca integrifolia; Lactuca sativa var. asparagina; Lactuca scariola var. integrata; Lactuca scariola var. integrifolia; Lactuca scariola var. sativa

Wikipedia Abstract

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual plant of the daisy family Asteraceae. It is most often grown as a leaf vegetable, but sometimes for its stem and seeds. Lettuce was first cultivated by the ancient Egyptians who turned it from a weed, whose seeds were used to produce oil, into a food plant grown for its succulent leaves, in addition to its oil-rich seeds.
View Wikipedia Record: Lactuca sativa

Attributes

Height [1]  35 inches (0.9 m)
Width [1]  10 inches (0.25 m)
Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [1]  The mature plant is mildly toxic;
Lifespan [1]  Annual/Biennial
Pollinators [1]  Flies, Bats
Structure [2]  Herb
Usage [1]  Parasiticide; No further details are given, but it is probably the sap of flowering plants that is used. The seed is said to be used to make hair grow on scar tissue;
View Plants For A Future Record : Lactuca sativa

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  

Predators

Actenicerus sjaelandicus <Unverified Name>[3]
Agriotes lineatus (lined click beetle)[3]
Agriotes obscurus <Unverified Name>[3]
Agriotes sputator <Unverified Name>[3]
Agrotis exclamationis (Heart and Dart)[3]
Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)[4]
Agrotis puta (Shuttle-shaped Dart)[3]
Agrotis ripae (Sand Dart)[3]
Agrotis segetum (Turnip Moth)[3]
Agrotis subterranea (granulate cutworm)[4]
Agrotis vestigialis (Archer's Dart)[3]
Anagrapha falcifera (celery looper)[4]
Anomalosiphum essigi[3]
Antitype chi (Grey Chi)[3]
Aphis fabae (Bean aphid)[3]
Arctia caja (garden tiger moth)[3]
Arctia villica (Cream-spot Tiger)[3]
Athetis pallustris (Marsh Moth)[3]
Athous haemorrhoidalis <Unverified Name>[3]
Aulacorthum solani (Foxglove aphid)[3]
Autographa bractea (Gold Spangle)[3]
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)[4]
Bibio marci (St Mark's Fly)[3]
Botanophila gnava[3]
Chromatomyia syngenesiae (chrysanthemum leafminer)[5]
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green garden looper)[5]
Conocephalus dorsalis (Short-winged Conehead)[3]
Coscinia cribraria (Speckled Footman)[3]
Ctenoplusia limbirena (Scar Bank Gem)[3]
Cucullia umbratica (Shark)[3]
Cybosia mesomella (Four-dotted Footman Moth)[3]
Cynthia cardui[4]
Dasyuris leucobathra[5]
Decticus verrucivorus (British wart-biter)[3]
Deinacrida connectens (Scree weta)[5]
Delia florilega (bean seed maggot)[3]
Delia platura (seedcorn maggot)[3]
Diarsia rubi (Small Square-spot)[3]
Dilophus febrilis (Fever Fly)[3]
Discestra trifolii (clover cutworm)[4]
Eilema caniola (Hoary Footman)[3]
Eilema griseola (Dingy Footman Moth)[3]
Elaphria venustula[3]
Estigmene acrea (saltmarsh caterpillar)[4]
Eucosma conterminana (Lettuce Tortricid)[3]
Euplexia lucipara (Small Angle Shades)[4]
Euxoa nigricans (Garden Dart)[3]
Gryllus campestris (Field Cricket)[3]
Hadena luteago[3]
Hecatera bicolorata[3]
Hecatera dysodea (Small Ranunculus)[3]
Helophorus porculus <Unverified Name>[3]
Helophorus rufipes <Unverified Name>[3]
Hepialus lupulinus <Unverified Name>[3]
Hyperomyzus lactucae (Sowthistle aphid)[4]
Lacanobia suasa <Unverified Name>[3]
Lacanobia thalassina (Pale-shouldered Brocade)[3]
Liriomyza bryoniae[3]
Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)[3]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Macrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)[4]
Macrosiphum euphorbiellum (Potato aphid)[3]
Mamestra brassicae (Cabbage Moth)[3]
Merophyas divulsana (Lucerne leafroller)[4]
Metacrias huttoni[5]
Mormo maura (Old Lady)[4]
Myzus ascalonicus (Shallot aphid)[3]
Myzus cymbalariae (Cymbalaria aphid)[3]
Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid)[3]
Nasonovia ribisnigri[3]
Nemobius sylvestris[3]
Noctua pronuba (Large Yellow Underwing Moth)[3]
Ochropleura plecta (flame-shouldered dart)[3]
Ophiomyia pinguis[3]
Orthosia gracilis (Powdered Quaker)[3]
Papestra biren (Glaucous Shears)[3]
Parasemia plantaginis (Wood Tiger Moth)[3]
Pegohylemyia gnava <Unverified Name>[3]
Pelosia muscerda (Dotted Footman)[3]
Pemphigus bursarius (Poplar gall aphid)[3]
Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm)[4]
Petrobia latens[3]
Phragmatobia fuliginosa (ruby tiger moth)[3]
Phyllopertha horticola[4]
Phytomyza horticola <Unverified Name>[3]
Phytomyza syngenesiae <Unverified Name>[3]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[4]
Polia bombycina (Pale Shining Brown)[3]
Protrama flavescens[3]
Psila rosae <Unverified Name>[3]
Psylliodes chalcomera <Unverified Name>[3]
Rhizoecus mayanus[6]
Schrankia costaestrigalis (Pinion-streaked Snout)[3]
Schrankia taenialis (White-line Snout)[3]
Sclerotinia minor[4]
Scopula imitaria (Small Blood-vein)[3]
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa (humpbacked scorpionfish)[4]
Spilosoma virginica (yellow woollybear)[4]
Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm)[4]
Stemphylium vesicarium[4]
Tettigonia viridissima (Great Green Bush-cricket)[3]
Thrips nigropilosus[3]
Tipula paludosa (European crane fly)[4]
Trama caudata[3]
Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)[3]
Trupanea amoena[4]
Uroleucon sonchi sonchi[3]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[4]
Zethenia rufescentaria[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Filenchus exiguus <Unverified Name>[7]
Golovinomyces cichoracearum[4]
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[7]
Olpidiaster brassicae[4]
Puccinia opizii[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

1 - Europe, ; 1 - Europe, ; 2 - Africa, ; 7 - Northern America, ; 8 - Southern America, ; 2 - Africa, 27 - Southern Africa, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Korea (KOR), ; 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Morocco (MOR), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Vietnam (VIE), ; 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, Alberta (ABT), Alberta (ABT-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina Northeast (AGE), Buenos Aires (AGE-BA); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Alabama (ALA), Alabama (ALA-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Assam (ASS-AS); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Manipur (ASS-MA); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Meghalaya (ASS-ME); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, Assam (ASS), Tripura (ASS-TR); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Austria (AUT-AU); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Liechtenstein (AUT-LI); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Azores (AZO), Açôres (AZO-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Baleares (BAL), Baleares (BAL-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Belgium (BGM-BE); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Belarus (BLR), Belarus (BLR-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Latvia (BLT-LA); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Lithuania (BLT-LI); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Belize (BLZ), Belize (BLZ-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), Bulgaria (BUL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Santiago (CLC-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile North (CLN), Tarapaca (CLN-TA); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Canary Is. (CNY), Canary Is. (CNY-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Cook Is. (COO), Cook Is. (COO-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Cyprus (CYP), Cyprus (CYP-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Delaware (DEL), Delaware (DEL-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Easter Is. (EAS), Easter Is. (EAS-OO); 8 - Southern America, 83 - Western South America, Ecuador (ECU), Ecuador (ECU-OO); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Egypt (EGY), Egypt (EGY-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Fiji (FIJ), Fiji (FIJ-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Finland (FIN), Finland (FIN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), Hawaiian Is. (HAW-HI); 8 - Southern America, 80 - Central America, Honduras (HON), Honduras (HON-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Hungary (HUN), Hungary (HUN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Idaho (IDA), Idaho (IDA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Illinois (ILL), Illinois (ILL-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Bihar (IND-BI); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Delhi (IND-DE); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Maharashtra (IND-MR); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Orissa (IND-OR); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Punjab (IND-PU); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Tamil Nadu (IND-TN); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Uttar Pradesh (IND-UP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), West Bengal (IND-WB); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Indiana (INI), Indiana (INI-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Ireland (IRE-IR); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Kriti (KRI), Kriti (KRI-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), Krym (KRY-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Lebanon (LBS-LB); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Lebanon (LBS-LB); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Syria (LBS-SY); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Libya (LBY), Libya (LBY-OO); 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Leeward Is. (LEE), Virgin Is. (LEE-VI); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Maine (MAI), Maine (MAI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Masachusettes (MAS), Masachusettes (MAS-OO); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), Madeira (MDR-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Michigan (MIC), Michigan (MIC-OO); 6 - Pacific, 61 - South-Central Pacific, Marquesas (MRQ), Marquesas (MRQ-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Missouri (MSO), Missouri (MSO-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., North Dakota (NDA), North Dakota (NDA-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Netherlands (NET), Netherlands (NET-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Northern Territory (NTA), Northern Territory (NTA-OO); 6 - Pacific, 60 - Southwestern Pacific, Niue (NUE), Niue (NUE-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., New Jersey (NWJ), New Jersey (NWJ-OO); 7 - Northern America, 77 - South-Central U.S.A., New Mexico (NWM), New Mexico (NWM-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., New York (NWY), New York (NWY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Ohio (OHI), Ohio (OHI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Oklahoma (OKL), Oklahoma (OKL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 72 - Eastern Canada, Ontario (ONT), Ontario (ONT-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Oregon (ORE), Oregon (ORE-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Pennsylvania (PEN), Pennsylvania (PEN-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Poland (POL), Poland (POL-OO); 8 - Southern America, 81 - Caribbean, Puerto Rico (PUE), Puerto Rico (PUE-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Romania (ROM), Romania (ROM-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Sardegna (SAR), Sardegna (SAR-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Malta (SIC-MA); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Sicilia (SIC-SI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Andorra (SPA-AN); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Gilbraltar (SPA-GI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Spain (SPA-SP); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Sweden (SWE), Sweden (SWE-OO); 2 - Africa, 25 - East Tropical Africa, Tanzania (TAN), Tanzania (TAN-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), Azerbaijan (TCS-AZ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), Nakhichevan (TCS-NA); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Turkey-in-Europe (TUE), Turkey-in-Europe (TUE-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), Moldova (UKR-MO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), Ukraine (UKR-UK); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Washington (WAS), Washington (WAS-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., District of Columbia (WDC), District of Columbia (WDC-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, West Himalaya (WHM), Himachal Pradesh (WHM-HP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, West Himalaya (WHM), Jammu-Kashmir (WHM-JK); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., West Virginia (WVA), West Virginia (WVA-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Bosnia-Herzegovina (YUG-BH); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Croatia (YUG-CR); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Macedonia (YUG-MA); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Montenegro (YUG-MN); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Serbia (YUG-SE); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Slovenia (YUG-SL); 2 - Africa, 23 - West-Central Tropical Africa, Zaire (ZAI), Zaire (ZAI-OO);;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database 6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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