Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Astranthium integrifolium > Astranthium integrifolium subsp. integrifolium
 

Astranthium integrifolium subsp. integrifolium (Daisy)

Invasive Species

The English daisy Bellis perennis is a pasture weed that can get aggressive and dominant sometimes leading to lower pasture production. It is found growing in lawns, pastures (especially wetter areas), waste places, forest margins and clearings, stream banks, seepages, cultivated land, dunes and tussock grassland.

Attributes

Height [2]  6 inches (0.15 m)
Width [2]  6 inches (0.15 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [3]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [3]  Moist
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees, Flies, Beetles, Bats
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [2]  An insect repellent spray can be made from an infusion of the leaves;
View Plants For A Future Record : Astranthium integrifolium subsp. integrifolium

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Braulio Carrillo National Park II 117843 Costa Rica  
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Mitchell State Park   North Carolina, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Taynish National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom

Ecosystems

Predators

Altica oleracea <Unverified Name>[5]
Andrena chrysosceles[5]
Andrena subopaca[5]
Andrena tibialis[5]
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[5]
Apteropeda orbiculata <Unverified Name>[5]
Asaphodes aegrota <Unverified Name>[6]
Asaphodes oraria <Unverified Name>[6]
Brachycaudus helichrysi (Leafcurl plum aphid)[7]
Calycomyza humeralis (aster leafminer)[7]
Cheilosia fraterna[5]
Cheilosia pagana[5]
Cheilosia urbana <Unverified Name>[5]
Cnephasia asseclana (Flax Tortrix Moth)[7]
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)[7]
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)[7]
Coleophora ramosella[7]
Contarinia chrysanthemi[7]
Dasysyrphus pinastri[5]
Dichrorampha consortana[5]
Egle ciliata[5]
Empis caudatula[5]
Empis pennipes[5]
Empis planetica[5]
Fannia serena[5]
Harmologa oblongana[6]
Hilara maura[5]
Liriomyza orbona[7]
Liriomyza pusilla[7]
Luzulaspis luzulae (woodrush soft scale)[8]
Lycaena helle <Unverified Name>[5]
Meligethes ovatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Mythimna conigera <Unverified Name>[7]
Napomyza bellidis[7]
Neoascia podagrica[5]
Neocrepidodera ferruginea <Unverified Name>[5]
Neomyia cornicina[5]
Nomada flava[5]
Oedemera lurida <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramesius bifoveatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Parasyrphus punctulatus[5]
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)[5]
Platycheirus scutatus[5]
Pollenia rudis (cluster fly)[5]
Polymixis flavicincta (Large Ranunculus)[7]
Rhamphomyia sulcata[5]
Rhamphomyia umbripennis[5]
Scathophaga furcata[5]
Scathophaga stercoraria (Common Yellow Dung Fly)[5]
Siphona ingerae[5]
Sphaerophoria fatarum[5]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[5]
Syrphus ribesii (Summer Fly)[5]
Xanthorhoe munitata (red carpet)[7]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Andrena chrysosceles[5]
Andrena subopaca[5]
Andrena tibialis[5]
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[5]
Cheilosia fraterna[5]
Cheilosia pagana[5]
Cheilosia urbana <Unverified Name>[5]
Dasysyrphus pinastri[5]
Egle ciliata[5]
Empis pennipes[5]
Fannia serena[5]
Lycaena helle <Unverified Name>[5]
Meligethes ovatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Neoascia podagrica[5]
Neomyia cornicina[5]
Nomada flava[5]
Oedemera lurida <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramesius bifoveatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Parasyrphus punctulatus[5]
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)[5]
Platycheirus scutatus[5]
Pollenia rudis (cluster fly)[5]
Scathophaga furcata[5]
Scathophaga stercoraria (Common Yellow Dung Fly)[5]
Siphona ingerae[5]
Sphaerophoria fatarum[5]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[5]
Syrphus ribesii (Summer Fly)[5]

Distribution

1 - Europe, ; 1 - Europe, ; 1 - Europe, ; 2 - Africa, ; 2 - Africa, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, ; 7 - Northern America, ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 32 - Middle Asia, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, ; 7 - Northern America, 79 - Mexico, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Azores (AZO), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Belarus (BLR), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), ; 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Corse (COR), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Cyprus (CYP), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Czechoslovakia (CZE), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Czechoslovakia (CZE), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Denmark (DEN), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, East Aegean Is. (EAI), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Finland (FIN), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Føroyar (FOR), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), ; 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Hungary (HUN), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Iceland (ICE), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Iran (IRN), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 38 - Eastern Asia, Korea (KOR), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Kriti (KRI), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), ; 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Madeira (MDR), ; 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Morocco (MOR), ; 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Morocco (MOR), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Netherlands (NET), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Norway (NOR), ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, New Zealand South (NZS), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Poland (POL), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Portugal (POR), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Romania (ROM), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Central European Russia (RUC), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, South European Russia (RUS), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Northwest European Russia (RUW), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Sardegna (SAR), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), ; 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), ; 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Sweden (SWE), ; 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Switzerland (SWI), ; 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Tasmania (TAS), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Turkey-in-Europe (TUE), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Turkey (TUR), ; 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), ; 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Uruguay (URU), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Afghanistan (AFG), Afghanistan (AFG-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Chubut (AGS-CB); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Argentina South (AGS), Tierra del Fuego (Argentina) (AGS-TF); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 7 - Northern America, 70 - Subarctic America, Alaska (ASK), Alaska (ASK-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Austria (AUT-AU); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Austria (AUT-AU); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Liechtenstein (AUT-LI); 2 - Africa, 21 - Macaronesia, Azores (AZO), Açôres (AZO-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Baleares (BAL), Baleares (BAL-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Belgium (BGM-BE); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Belgium (BGM-BE); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Belgium (BGM), Luxembourg (BGM-LU); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Belarus (BLR), Belarus (BLR-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Belarus (BLR), Belarus (BLR-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Estonia (BLT-ES); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Latvia (BLT-LA); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Baltic States (BLT), Lithuania (BLT-LI); 7 - Northern America, 71 - Western Canada, British Columbia (BRC), British Columbia (BRC-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), Bulgaria (BUL-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria (BUL), Bulgaria (BUL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Guizhou (CHC-GZ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Hubei (CHC-HU); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Sichuan (CHC-SC); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China South-Central (CHC), Yunnan (CHC-YN); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Hainan (CHH), Hainan (CHH-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Inner Mongolia (CHI), Nei Mongol (CHI-NM); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Inner Mongolia (CHI), Ningxia (CHI-NX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Manchuria (CHM), Heilongjiang (CHM-HJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Manchuria (CHM), Jilin (CHM-JL); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Manchuria (CHM), Liaoning (CHM-LN); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Beijing (CHN-BJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Gansu (CHN-GS); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Hebei (CHN-HB); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Shaanxi (CHN-SA); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Shandong (CHN-SD); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Shanxi (CHN-SX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Tianjin (CHN-TJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Qinghai (CHQ), Qinghai (CHQ-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Anhui (CHS-AH); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Fujian (CHS-FJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Guangdong (CHS-GD); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Guangxi (CHS-GX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Henan (CHS-HE); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Hong Kong (CHS-HK); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Hunan (CHS-HN); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Jiangsu (CHS-JS); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Jiangxi (CHS-JX); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Macau (CHS-MA); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Shanghai (CHS-SH); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China Southeast (CHS), Zhejiang (CHS-ZJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Tibet (CHT), Tibet (CHT-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, Xinjiang (CHX), Xinjiang (CHX-OO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Biobío (CLC-BI); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Coquimbo (CLC-CO); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), La Araucania (CLC-LA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Maule (CLC-MA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Santiago (CLC-SA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile Central (CLC), Valparaíso (CLC-VA); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Los Lagos (CLS-LL); 8 - Southern America, 85 - Southern South America, Chile South (CLS), Magellanes (CLS-MG); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Connecticut (CNT), Connecticut (CNT-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Corse (COR), Corse (COR-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Cyprus (CYP), Cyprus (CYP-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Czechoslovakia (CZE), Czech Republic (CZE-CZ); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Denmark (DEN), Denmark (DEN-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Denmark (DEN), Denmark (DEN-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, East Aegean Is. (EAI), East Aegean Is. (EAI-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Finland (FIN), Finland (FIN-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Føroyar (FOR), Føroyar (FOR-OO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Channel Is. (FRA-CI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), France (FRA-FR); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), France (FRA-FR); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, France (FRA), Monaco (FRA-MO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Georgia (GEO), Georgia (GEO-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Great Britain (GRB), Great Britain (GRB-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 6 - Pacific, 63 - North-Central Pacific, Hawaii (HAW), Hawaiian Is. (HAW-HI); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Hungary (HUN), Hungary (HUN-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Hungary (HUN), Hungary (HUN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Idaho (IDA), Idaho (IDA-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Illinois (ILL), Illinois (ILL-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Karnataka (IND-KT); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Karnataka (IND-KT); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Uttar Pradesh (IND-UP); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), Uttar Pradesh (IND-UP); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Indiana (INI), Indiana (INI-OO); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Ireland (IRE-IR); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Ireland (IRE-IR); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Northern Ireland (IRE-NI); 1 - Europe, 10 - Northern Europe, Ireland (IRE), Northern Ireland (IRE-NI); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Iran (IRN), Iran (IRN-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Iran (IRN), Iran (IRN-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Italy (ITA-IT); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Italy (ITA-IT); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), San Marino (ITA-SM); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Italy (ITA), Vatican City (ITA-VC); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Kriti (KRI), Kriti (KRI-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), Krym (KRY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 78 - Southeastern U.S.A., Kentucky (KTY), Kentucky (KTY-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Lebanon (LBS-LB); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Syria (LBS-SY); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Syria (LBS-SY); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Libya (LBY), Libya (LBY-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Maine (MAI), Maine (MAI-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Masachusettes (MAS), Masachusettes (MAS-OO); 7 - Northern America, 75 - Northeastern U.S.A., Michigan (MIC), Michigan (MIC-OO); 7 - Northern America, 74 - North-Central U.S.A., Minnesota (MIN), Minnesota (MIN-OO); 7 - Northern America, 73 - Northwestern U.S.A., Montana (MNT), Montana (MNT-OO); 7 - Northe;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999) 4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 5Ecology of Commanster 6New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database 7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
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Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access