Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Brassicales > Brassicaceae > Raphanus > Raphanus sativus

Raphanus sativus (Wild Radish)

Synonyms: Raphanistrum gayanum; Raphanus acanthiformis; Raphanus candidus; Raphanus gayanus; Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus; Raphanus sativus var. radicula; Raphanus taquetii

Wikipedia Abstract

The radish (Raphanus sativus) is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe in pre-Roman times. Radishes are grown and consumed throughout the world, being mostly eaten raw as a crunchy salad vegetable. They have numerous varieties, varying in size, flavor, color, and length of time they take to mature. Radishes owe their sharp flavor to the various chemical compounds produced by the plants, including glucosinolate, myrosinase, and isothiocyanate. They are sometimes grown as companion plants and suffer from few pests and diseases. They germinate quickly and grow rapidly, smaller varieties being ready for consumption within a month, while larger daikon varieties take several months. Another use of radish is as cover or catch crop in winter or as a fo
View Wikipedia Record: Raphanus sativus



Height [1]  18 inches (0.45 m)
Width [1]  8 inches (0.2 m)
Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [1]  The Japanese radishes have higher concentrations of glucosinolate, a substance that acts against the thyroid gland. It is probably best to remove the skin;
Lifespan [1]  Annual
Pollinators [1]  Bees, Flies
Structure [2]  Herb
Usage [1]  The growing plant repels beetles from tomatoes and cucumbers; It is also useful for repelling various other insect pests such as carrot root fly; There is a fodder variety that grows more vigorously and is used as a green manure;
View Plants For A Future Record : Raphanus sativus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Vic Fazio Yolo Wildlife Area Wildlife Refuge   California, United States



Anthocharis sara (Sara orange-tip)[3]
Ascia monuste (Great southern white)[3]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[4]
Athalia rosae <Unverified Name>[5]
Baris laticollis[5]
Bombus vosnesenskii (yellow-faced bumblebee)[3]
Callipepla californica (Californian Quail)[3]
Ceutorhynchus assimilis[5]
Ceutorhynchus quadridens[5]
Ceutorhynchus syrites[5]
Ceutorhynchus timidus <Unverified Name>[5]
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green garden looper)[6]
Contarinia nasturtii[5]
Cynthia cardui[3]
Dasineura brassicae[5]
Dasineura napi <Unverified Name>[5]
Delia floralis (turnip maggot)[5]
Delia florilega (bean seed maggot)[5]
Delia platura (seedcorn maggot)[5]
Delia radicum (cabbage maggot)[3]
Euchloe ausonides (Large marble butterfly)[3]
Gephyraulus raphanistri[5]
Haemorhous mexicanus (House Finch)[3]
Lipaphis erysimi (Turnip aphid)[5]
Papilio zelicaon (Anise swallowtail)[3]
Phenacoccus solani (solanum mealybug)[4]
Phyllotreta nemorum <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllotreta tetrastigma <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllotreta undulata[5]
Phyllotreta vittata <Unverified Name>[5]
Pieris brassicae (Large White)[5]
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)[3]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[4]
Plutella xylostella (Diamondback moth)[6]
Pontia protodice (Checkered White)[3]
Psylliodes chrysocephala <Unverified Name>[5]
Tatochila autodice[3]


Parasitized by 
Erysiphe cruciferarum[3]
Hyaloperonospora parasitica[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault




Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access