Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Brassicales > Brassicaceae > Sinapis > Sinapis alba

Sinapis alba (White mustard)

Synonyms: Bonnania officinalis

Wikipedia Abstract

White mustard (Sinapis alba) is an annual plant of the family Brassicaceae. It is sometimes also referred to as Brassica alba or B. hirta. Grown for its seeds, mustard, as fodder crop or as a green manure, it is now widespread worldwide, although it probably originated in the Mediterranean region.
View Wikipedia Record: Sinapis alba



Height [1]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Width [1]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [2]  Mostly Dry
Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [1]  The seed contains substances that irritate the skin and mucous membranes; The plant is possibly poisonous once the seedpods have formed;
Lifespan [1]  Annual
Pollinators [1]  Bees, Flies, Wind
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [1]  The seed contains up to 35% of a semi-drying oil; It is used as a lubricant and for lighting etc; The plant can be grown as a green manure crop; It is very fast growing, producing a good bulk in just a few weeks from seed, but it is shallow rooted so does not do so well in dry periods; It is also susceptible to all the diseases of the cabbage family such as club-root so is best avoided if this is likely to be a problem;
View Plants For A Future Record : Sinapis alba

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Hackpen Hill 89 England, United Kingdom  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Lower Derwent Valley 2263 England, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Thorne Moor 4718 England, United Kingdom


Agrotis segetum (Turnip Moth)[4]
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[4]
Anthocharis sara (Sara orange-tip)[5]
Ascia monuste (Great southern white)[5]
Belenois zochalia (Forest White)[5]
Brassicogethes aeneus[4]
Ceutorhynchus assimilis[4]
Ceutorhynchus erysimi[4]
Ceutorhynchus quadridens[4]
Ceutorhynchus sulcicollis[4]
Ceutorhynchus timidus <Unverified Name>[4]
Contarinia nasturtii[4]
Dasineura brassicae[4]
Dasineura napi <Unverified Name>[4]
Evergestis extimalis[4]
Gephyraulus raphanistri[4]
Phyllotreta nemorum <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllotreta vittata <Unverified Name>[4]
Pieris brassicae (Large White)[4]
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)[5]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[5]
Plutella xylostella (Diamondback moth)[6]
Psylliodes cuprea <Unverified Name>[4]
Tatochila autodice[5]
Tenthredo dominiquei <Unverified Name>[4]


Parasitized by 
Hyaloperonospora parasitica[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault




Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access