Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Brassicales > Brassicaceae > Brassica > Brassica juncea

Brassica juncea (mustard greens)

Synonyms: Brassica besseriana; Brassica cernua; Brassica chenopodiifolia; Brassica timoriana; Sinapis abyssinica; Sinapis cernua; Sinapis japonica; Sinapis rugosa; Sinapis timoriana

Wikipedia Abstract

Brassica juncea, mustard greens, Indian mustard, Chinese mustard, Jie Cai (in Mandarin) or Kai Choi (in Cantonese), or leaf mustard is a species of mustard plant. Subvarieties include southern giant curled mustard, which resembles a headless cabbage such as kale, but with a distinct horseradish-mustard flavor. It is also known as green mustard cabbage.
View Wikipedia Record: Brassica juncea



Height [2]  30 inches (0.75 m)
Width [2]  10 inches (0.25 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [1]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [1]  Black
Fall Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  None
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [1]  4 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Summer
Growth Form [1]  Single Crown
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Fall, Winter
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Leaf Type [1]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Propagation [1]  Seed
Regrowth Rate [1]  Slow
Root Depth [1]  6 inches (15 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  283040 / lb (623996 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [2]  There is some evidence that if this plant is grown as a green manure it is effective in reducing soil-borne root rots in pea crops; This is attributed to chemicals that are given off as the plants decay;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Brassica juncea

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Ussuriysky Zapovednik Ia 99910 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States


Agrotis segetum (Turnip Moth)[4]
Appias libythea (Common albatross butterfly)[5]
Ascia monuste (Great southern white)[5]
Ceutorhynchus quadridens[4]
Contarinia nasturtii[4]
Dasineura brassicae[4]
Dasineura napi <Unverified Name>[4]
Hesperocharis marchalii[5]
Phytomyza rufipes[4]
Pieris brassicae (Large White)[5]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[5]
Plutella xylostella (Diamondback moth)[6]
Pontia helice (Meadow White)[5]
Tatochila autodice[5]


Parasitized by 
Erysiphe cruciferarum[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault




Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access