Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Brassicales > Brassicaceae > Brassica > Brassica rapa

Brassica rapa (Field Mustard)

Synonyms: Brassica campestris var. purpuraria; Brassica dubiosa; Brassica napella; Brassica purpuraria; Brassica rapa var. purpuraria; Brassica rutabaga

Wikipedia Abstract

Brassica rapa L. is a plant consisting of various widely cultivated subspecies including the turnip (a root vegetable); the mizuna, napa cabbage, bok choy, and cime di rapa (leaf vegetables); and (Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera, an oilseed which has many common names, including field mustard, bird rape, keblock, and colza). Many butterflies, including the small white pollinate the B. rapa flowers.
View Wikipedia Record: Brassica rapa



Height [2]  18 inches (0.45 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [3]  Moist
Water Use [1]  High
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Bloom Period [1]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  Low
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [1]  4 months 5 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Summer
Growth Form [1]  Single Crown
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Leaf Type [1]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Biennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Propagation [1]  Seed
Regrowth Rate [1]  Moderate
Root Depth [1]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  192800 / lb (425051 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [2]  Turnip root peelings contain a natural insecticide. The chopped roots can be brewed into a tea with flaked soap, this is then strained before use. It is effective against aphids, red spider mites and flies;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Brassica rapa

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Dartmoor 57244 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Drumochter Hills 23340 Scotland, United Kingdom
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Ingleborough Complex 14256 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Loch Moidart and Loch Shiel Woods 4341 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lower Derwent Valley 2263 England, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Migneint–Arenig–Dduallt 49343 Wales, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pevensey Levels 8860 England, United Kingdom  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  



Agriotes lineatus (lined click beetle)[5]
Agriotes obscurus <Unverified Name>[5]
Agriotes sputator <Unverified Name>[5]
Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)[5]
Agrotis segetum (Turnip Moth)[5]
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[5]
Anthocharis sara (Sara orange-tip)[6]
Ascia monuste (Great southern white)[6]
Athalia rosae <Unverified Name>[5]
Athous haemorrhoidalis <Unverified Name>[5]
Baris chlorizans[5]
Belenois zochalia (Forest White)[6]
Callipepla californica (Californian Quail)[6]
Ceutorhynchus assimilis[5]
Ceutorhynchus picitarsis <Unverified Name>[5]
Ceutorhynchus quadridens[5]
Ceutorhynchus rapae[5]
Ceutorhynchus sulcicollis[5]
Ceutorhynchus timidus <Unverified Name>[5]
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green garden looper)[7]
Contarinia nasturtii[5]
Cynthia cardui[6]
Dasineura brassicae[5]
Dasineura napi <Unverified Name>[5]
Delia planipalpis[5]
Delia radicum (cabbage maggot)[6]
Dictyotus caenosus[6]
Eilema sericea[5]
Euchloe ausonides (Large marble butterfly)[6]
Ferrisia malvastra (grey mealybug)[8]
Graphania mutans (Grey-brown Cutworm)[7]
Haemorhous mexicanus (House Finch)[6]
Hesperocharis marchalii[6]
Myzus cymbalariae (Cymbalaria aphid)[5]
Nysius huttoni[7]
Persectania aversa[7]
Phaulacridium marginale[7]
Phyllotreta aerea[5]
Phyllotreta atra <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllotreta nemorum <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllotreta nigripes <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllotreta undulata[5]
Phytomyza horticola <Unverified Name>[5]
Phytomyza rufipes[5]
Pieris brassicae (Large White)[5]
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)[6]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[5]
Plutella xylostella (Diamondback moth)[7]
Pontia protodice (Checkered White)[6]
Proteuxoa comma[7]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[8]
Psila rosae <Unverified Name>[5]
Psylliodes chrysocephala <Unverified Name>[5]
Psylliodes cuprea <Unverified Name>[5]
Sidnia kinbergi[7]
Tatochila autodice[6]
Tenthredo atra <Unverified Name>[5]


Parasitized by 
Albugo candida (White rust)[6]
Hyaloperonospora parasitica[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault




Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access