Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Brassicales > Brassicaceae > Alliaria > Alliaria petiolata
 

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard)

Synonyms: Alliaria alliacea; Alliaria officinalis; Arabis petiolata; Erysimum alliaceum; Erysimum alliaria; Sisymbrium alliaria

Wikipedia Abstract

Alliaria petiolata is a biennial flowering plant in the Mustard family, Brassicaceae. It is native to Europe, western and central Asia, and northwestern Africa, from Morocco, Iberia and the British Isles, north to northern Scandinavia, and east to northern Pakistan and western China (Xinjiang).In the first year of growth, plants form clumps of round shaped, slightly wrinkled leaves, that when crushed smell like garlic.
View Wikipedia Record: Alliaria petiolata

Invasive Species

It is believed that European settlers brought Alliaria petiolata to North America for cooking purposes. Alliaria petiolata may outcompete native herbaceous species and negatively impact ecosystems of invaded areas. Alliaria petiolata acts as a population sink for certain butterflies. Its seeds are transported by humans, on animals, and in water. Other long-distance vectors have not been identified.
View ISSG Record: Alliaria petiolata

Attributes

Height [2]  39 inches (1 m)
Width [2]  16 inches (0.4 m)
Light Preference [3]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Rich
Soil Moisture [3]  Moist
Bee Flower Color [1]  Blue-Green
Flower Color [1]  White
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [2]  Biennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera, Bats
Scent [2]  On a calm day the plant emits a strong smell of garlic. This is especially pronounced if the leaves are bruised.
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [2]  A yellow dye is obtained from the whole plant;
View Plants For A Future Record : Alliaria petiolata

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor and Quantock Oakwoods 4683 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve 55 Michigan, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
River Spey 14158 Scotland, United Kingdom
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Ecosystems

Predators

Adela rufimitrella[5]
Andrena haemorrhoa (Early Mining Bee)[6]
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[6]
Athalia liberta <Unverified Name>[5]
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)[6]
Cauchas rufimitrella <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceutorhynchus alliariae <Unverified Name>[5]
Ceutorhynchus atomus <Unverified Name>[5]
Ceutorhynchus constrictus <Unverified Name>[5]
Ceutorhynchus contractus[5]
Ceutorhynchus erysimi[5]
Ceutorhynchus pleurostigma[5]
Ceutorhynchus quadridens[5]
Ceutorhynchus rapae[5]
Ceutorhynchus sulcicollis[5]
Ceutorhynchus syrites[5]
Ceutorhynchus thomsoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Ceutorhynchus timidus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cnephasia asseclana (Flax Tortrix Moth)[5]
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)[5]
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)[5]
Delia radicum (cabbage maggot)[6]
Empis ciliata[6]
Empis stercorea[6]
Eurydema dominulus <Unverified Name>[6]
Eurydema oleracea <Unverified Name>[6]
Evacanthus interruptus <Unverified Name>[6]
Gymnetron lloydi[5]
Leptosphaeria maculans[7]
Lipaphis erysimi (Turnip aphid)[5]
Lithostege griseata[5]
Meligethes nanus <Unverified Name>[5]
Noctua pronuba (Large Yellow Underwing Moth)[6]
Ophiomyia alliariae[5]
Phaedon armoraciae[6]
Phaedon cochleariae <Unverified Name>[5]
Phomopsis cruciferae[7]
Phyllotreta aerea[5]
Phyllotreta atra <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllotreta cruciferae[6]
Phyllotreta diademata <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllotreta nemorum <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllotreta nigripes <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllotreta ochripes <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllotreta vittula <Unverified Name>[6]
Pieris brassicae (Large White)[5]
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)[6]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[5]
Platycheirus angustatus[6]
Plutella xylostella (Diamondback moth)[6]
Psylliodes laticollis <Unverified Name>[5]
Psylliodes napi[5]
Rhigognostis incarnatella <Unverified Name>[5]
Temnostoma bombylans[6]
Xanthorhoe designata (Flame Carpet Moth)[6]
Xanthorhoe fluctuata (Garden Carpet Moth)[6]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Andrena haemorrhoa (Early Mining Bee)[6]
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[6]
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)[6]
Empis ciliata[6]
Empis stercorea[6]
Platycheirus angustatus[6]
Rhingia campestris[6]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[6]
Temnostoma bombylans[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Erysiphe cruciferarum[7]
Hyaloperonospora niessliana[7]
Hyaloperonospora parasitica[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287. 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999) 4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 6Ecology of Commanster 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Images provided by Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access