Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Brassicales > Brassicaceae > Capsella > Capsella bursa-pastoris

Capsella bursa-pastoris (Shepherd's Purse)

Synonyms: Bursa bursa-pastoris; Bursa djurdjurae; Bursa fracticruris; Bursa grandiflora; Bursa nana; Bursa occidentalis; Bursa orientalis; Bursa pastoris; Bursa penarthae; Bursa rubella; Bursa tuscaloosae; Bursa viguieri; Capsella agrestis; Capsella alpestris; Capsella apetala; Capsella batavorum; Capsella bursa-pastoris subsp. bursa-pastoris; Capsella bursa-pastoris subsp. eu-bursa; Capsella bursa-pastoris subsp. occidentalis; Capsella bursa-pastoris var. bursa-pastoris; Capsella bursa-pastoris var. integrifolia; Capsella bursa-pastoris var. minuta; Capsella concava; Capsella heegeri; Capsella hyrcana; Capsella lycia; Capsella mediterranea; Capsella patagonica; Capsella penarthae; Capsella polymorpha; Capsella ruderalis; Capsella stenocarpa; Capsella thomsonii; Capsella treviorum; Capsella turoniensis; Capsella viguieri; Lepidium bursa-pastoris; Nasturtium bursa-pastoris; Solmsiella heegeri; Thlaspi bursa-pastoris

Wikipedia Abstract

Capsella bursa-pastoris, known by its common name shepherd's-purse because of its triangular, purse-like pods, is a small (up to 0.5 m) annual and ruderal species, and a member of the Brassicaceae or mustard family.
View Wikipedia Record: Capsella bursa-pastoris


Height [2]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Width [2]  3.9 inches (0.1 m)
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Rich
Soil Moisture [3]  Moist
Bee Flower Color [1]  Blue-Green
Flower Color [1]  White
Dispersal Mode [4]  Autochory
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Bats
Structure [5]  Herb
Usage [2]  The seed, when placed in water, attracts mosquitoes. It has a gummy substance that binds the insects mouth to the seed; The seed also releases a substance toxic to the larvae. kilo of seed is said to be able to kill 10 million larvae; Plants can be grown on salty or marshy land in order to reclaim it by absorbing the salt and 'sweetening' the soil;
View Plants For A Future Record : Capsella bursa-pastoris

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Hoy 23474 Scotland, United Kingdom
Ilmensky Zapovednik Ia 84955 Chelyabinsk, Russia
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Ingleborough Complex 14256 England, United Kingdom
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kedrovaya Pad Zapovednik Ia 44224 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Ussuriysky Zapovednik Ia 99910 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wyperfeld National Park II 890865 Victoria, Australia
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States



Aceria drabae <Unverified Name>[6]
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[6]
Anthocharis midea (Falcate Orangetip)[7]
Anthocharis sara (Sara orange-tip)[7]
Aphis fabae (Bean aphid)[8]
Aphis frangulae[6]
Aphis frangulae beccabungae[6]
Aphis nasturtii (buckthorn aphid)[6]
Bison bonasus (European bison)[9]
Callospermophilus lateralis (golden-mantled ground squirrel)[10]
Carduelis citrinella (Citril Finch)[11]
Cervus elaphus hanglu (Kashmir stag)[12]
Ceutorhynchus contractus[6]
Ceutorhynchus erysimi[6]
Ceutorhynchus floralis[6]
Ceutorhynchus pleurostigma[6]
Ceutorhynchus pumilio <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceutorhynchus sulcicollis[6]
Ceutorhynchus timidus <Unverified Name>[6]
Chenonetta jubata (Maned Duck)[7]
Chromatomyia horticola[7]
Dasineura brassicae[6]
Dasineura napi <Unverified Name>[6]
Drymus sylvaticus sylvaticus[6]
Lipaphis erysimi (Turnip aphid)[6]
Liriomyza strigata[6]
Lithostege griseata[6]
Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid)[8]
Nysius huttoni[13]
Phaedon cochleariae <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllotreta nemorum <Unverified Name>[6]
Phytomyza horticola <Unverified Name>[6]
Pieris brassicae (Large White)[6]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[7]
Plutella xylostella (Diamondback moth)[13]
Pontia protodice (Checkered White)[7]
Scolopostethus affinis[6]
Scolopostethus decoratus[6]
Sitobion miscanthi (Grain aphid)[7]
Spermophilus xanthoprymnus (Asia Minor ground squirrel)[14]
Stygnocoris fuligineus[6]
Xanthorhoe fluctuata (Garden Carpet Moth)[6]


Pollinated by 
Agapostemon texanus[7]
Aldrichia ehrmanii[15]
Allograpta obliqua[15]
Andrena arabis[15]
Andrena humilis[7]
Andrena nasonii[15]
Anoplius virginiensis[7]
Apinops atra <Unverified Name>[15]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[15]
Bicyrtes ventralis[7]
Calythea nigricans[7]
Charidryas nycteis <Unverified Name>[15]
Chelostoma philadelphi[15]
Chloralictus coreopsis <Unverified Name>[15]
Chloralictus cressonii <Unverified Name>[15]
Chloralictus sparsus <Unverified Name>[15]
Chloralictus tegularis <Unverified Name>[15]
Chloralictus versatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Chloralictus zephyrus <Unverified Name>[15]
Coelioxys alternata[7]
Coelioxys rufitarsis[7]
Coelioxys sayi[7]
Curtisapis forbesii <Unverified Name>[15]
Cynomyia cadaverina <Unverified Name>[15]
Dialictus anomalus <Unverified Name>[15]
Elachiptera costata[7]
Empis otiosa[7]
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)[7]
Eristalis dimidiatus[15]
Evylaeus foxii <Unverified Name>[15]
Evylaeus pectoralis <Unverified Name>[15]
Gonia capitata[15]
Gonia sequax[7]
Gymnoprosopa polita[15]
Halictus lerouxii[15]
Helicobia helicis <Unverified Name>[15]
Helophilus fasciatus[15]
Helophilus latifrons[15]
Hydrotaea ignava[7]
Lucilia caesar (Greenbottle Blow Fly)[15]
Lucilia sericata (Green blowfly)[15]
Lucilia sylvarum <Unverified Name>[15]
Mallota cimbiciformis[15]
Melanostoma mellinum[15]
Mellota cimbiciformis <Unverified Name>[15]
Mesogramma geminata <Unverified Name>[15]
Mesogramma marginata[15]
Nomada parva[15]
Odontalictus ligatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Onthophagus pennsylvanicus[7]
Opandrena cressonii <Unverified Name>[15]
Opandrena miserabilis <Unverified Name>[15]
Opandrena personata <Unverified Name>[15]
Oxystoglossa similis <Unverified Name>[15]
Palpada meigenii[15]
Peleteria robusta[15]
Pentaria trifasciata[7]
Phasia aldrichii[7]
Pholisora catullus (Common sootywing skipper)[15]
Phorbia acra <Unverified Name>[15]
Phorbia platura <Unverified Name>[15]
Phyciodes tharos (Pearl crescent-spot)[15]
Polistes fuscatus (Paper wasp)[15]
Pontia protodice (Checkered White)[15]
Prosopis pygmaea <Unverified Name>[15]
Pseudopanurgus labrosus[7]
Sarcophaga sinuata[15]
Seladonia fasciata <Unverified Name>[15]
Sepsis violacea[7]
Siphona geniculata[15]
Sphaerophoria cylindrica[15]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[15]
Tetralonia dilecta <Unverified Name>[15]
Thanaos martialis[15]
Thecophora occidensis[15]
Trachandrena claytoniae <Unverified Name>[15]
Trachandrena forbesii <Unverified Name>[15]
Trichopoda pennipes (Tachina fly)[7]
Triepeolus donatus[7]
Zodion fulvifrons[15]


Parasitized by 
Erysiphe cruciferarum[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Bassegi Zapovednik;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Ecology of Commanster
9Food eaten by the free-living European bison in Białowieża Forest, Zofia GĘBCZYŃSKA, Marek GĘBCZYŃSKI and Ewa MARTYNOWICZ, Acta Theriologica 36 (3-4), 307-313, 1991.
10Spermophilus lateralis, Molly A. Bartels and Doug P. Thompson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 440, pp. 1-8 (1993)
11The diet of the Citril Finch (Serinus citrinella) in the Pyrenees and the role of Pinus seeds as a key resource, A. Borras, T. Cabrera, J. Cabrera and J.C. Senar, J. Ornithol. 144, 345-353 (2003)
12Diets of Hangul Deer Cervus elaphus hanglu (Cetartiodactyla: Cervidae) in Dachigam National Park, Kashmir, India, G. Mustafa Shah, Ulfat Jan, Bilal A. Bhat & Fayaz A. Ahangar, Journal of Threatened Taxa | July 2009 | 1(7): 398-400
13New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
14Spermophilus xanthoprymnus (Rodentia: Sciuridae), MUTLU KART Gür AND HAKAN Gür, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(864):183–194 (2010)
15Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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