Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Cynara > Cynara scolymus
 

Cynara scolymus (Globe Artichoke)

Synonyms: Carduus scolymus; Cynara cardunculus subsp. scolymus; Cynara esculenta; Cynara hortensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) is a variety of a species of thistle cultivated as a food.The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds before the flowers come into bloom. The budding artichoke flower-head is a cluster of many budding small flowers (an inflorescence) together with many bracts, on an edible base. Once the buds bloom, the structure changes to a coarse, barely edible form.
View Wikipedia Record: Cynara scolymus

Attributes

Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Structure [2]  Herb

Predators

Acanthiophilus helianthi[3]
Cheilosia vulpina[3]
Pseudococcus calceolariae (citrophilus mealybug)[4]
Pseudococcus sorghiellus (trochanter mealybug)[4]
Pulvinaria grabhami (cottony camellia scale)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bremia lactucae[3]
Leveillula taurica[3]

Distribution

1 - Europe, ; 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, ; 5 - Australasia, 51 - New Zealand, ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 40 - Indian Subcontinent, India (IND), ; 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Vietnam (VIE), ; 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Albania (ALB), Albania (ALB-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., Arizona (ARI), Arizona (ARI-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Austria (AUT-AU); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Austria (AUT), Liechtenstein (AUT-LI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Baleares (BAL), Baleares (BAL-OO); 7 - Northern America, 76 - Southwestern U.S.A., California (CAL), California (CAL-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 36 - China, China North-Central (CHN), Beijing (CHN-BJ); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Cyprus (CYP), Cyprus (CYP-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Germany (GER), Germany (GER-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Greece (GRC), Greece (GRC-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Kriti (KRI), Kriti (KRI-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Krym (KRY), Krym (KRY-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Lebanon-Syria (LBS), Lebanon (LBS-LB); 2 - Africa, 20 - Northern Africa, Libya (LBY), Libya (LBY-OO); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 42 - Malesia, Maluku (MOL), Maluku (MOL-OO); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Netherlands (NET), Netherlands (NET-OO); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, New South Wales (NSW), New South Wales (NSW-NS); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Israel (PAL-IS); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Palestine (PAL), Jordan (PAL-JO); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Portugal (POR), Portugal (POR-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Romania (ROM), Romania (ROM-OO); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Malta (SIC-MA); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Sicilia (SIC-SI); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Sicilia (SIC), Sicilia (SIC-SI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Andorra (SPA-AN); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Gilbraltar (SPA-GI); 1 - Europe, 12 - Southwestern Europe, Spain (SPA), Spain (SPA-SP); 1 - Europe, 11 - Middle Europe, Switzerland (SWI), Switzerland (SWI-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 33 - Caucasus, Transcaucasus (TCS), Azerbaijan (TCS-AZ); 4 - Asia-Tropical, 41 - Indo-China, Thailand (THA), Thailand (THA-OO); 3 - Asia-Temperate, 34 - Western Asia, Turkey (TUR), Turkey (TUR-OO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), Moldova (UKR-MO); 1 - Europe, 14 - Eastern Europe, Ukraine (UKR), Ukraine (UKR-UK); 5 - Australasia, 50 - Australia, Western Australia (WAU), Western Australia (WAU-WA); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Bosnia-Herzegovina (YUG-BH); 1 - Europe, 13 - Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia (YUG), Croatia (YUG-CR);;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access