Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Deschampsia > Deschampsia cespitosa

Deschampsia cespitosa (Tufted Hair-grass)

Synonyms: Agrostis cespitosa; Aira cespitosa; Aira cespitosa var. minor; Aira major; Aira major subsp. cespitosa; Avena cespitosa; Campella cespitosa; Podionapus cespitosus

Wikipedia Abstract

Deschampsia cespitosa, commonly known as tufted hairgrass or tussock grass is a perennial tufted plant in the grass family Poaceae. Distribution of this Deschampsia grass species is widespread including the eastern and western coasts of North America, parts of South America, Eurasia and Australia.
View Wikipedia Record: Deschampsia cespitosa



Height [1]  39 inches (1 m)
Width [1]  20 inches (0.5 m)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [2]  Moist
Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [1]  Evergreen
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Pollinators [1]  Wind
Structure [3]  Grass
Usage [1]  Plants form impenetrably dense clumps and when planted close together in drifts make an excellent ground cover;
View Plants For A Future Record : Deschampsia cespitosa

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Aniakchak National Monument National Preserve Ib 458519 Alaska, United States
Awarua Wetland 49421 South Island, New Zealand      
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beinn a`Ghlo 19978 Scotland, United Kingdom
Beinn Dearg 34221 Scotland, United Kingdom
Ben Alder and Aonach Beag 16453 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cedar Breaks National Monument III 6111 Utah, United States
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Dunkeld–Blairgowrie Lochs 1058 Scotland, United Kingdom
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glen Coe 7329 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Hackpen Hill 89 England, United Kingdom  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Ingleborough Complex 14256 England, United Kingdom
Inverpolly 29349 Scotland, United Kingdom
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
La Gallinola - Monte Miletto - Monti del Matese 61781 Italy  
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Moidart and Loch Shiel Woods 4341 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Migneint–Arenig–Dduallt 49343 Wales, United Kingdom
Moorfoot Hills 21001 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Oregon Caves National Monument V 456 Oregon, United States
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Strathglass Complex 58277 Scotland, United Kingdom
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Val Grigna 7099 Italy  
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada



Agromyza lucida[4]
Albotricha acutipila[4]
Alternaria infectoria[4]
Amphipoea oculea (Ear Moth)[5]
Anagnota bicolor[4]
Anthomyza elbergi[4]
Anthomyza gracilis[4]
Anthomyza pallida[4]
Anthostomella tomicum[4]
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)[5]
Arctorthezia cataphracta (alpine ensign scale)[6]
Arthrinium phaeospermum[4]
Arthrinium puccinioides[4]
Atrococcus cracens (slender mealybug)[6]
Balanococcus boratynskii (sea-shore mealybug)[6]
Calidris mauri (Western Sandpiper)[7]
Cephalotheca clarkii[4]
Cerodontha imbuta[4]
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)[8]
Chionomys nivalis (European snow vole)[9]
Coenonympha pamphilus (Small Heath Butterfly)[4]
Crambus pratella[5]
Curvularia protuberata[4]
Cyathicula culmicola[4]
Cygnus columbianus (Tundra Swan)[4]
Cygnus olor (Mute Swan)[4]
Deconica phillipsii[4]
Erebia embla (Lapland Ringlet)[4]
Erebia epiphron (Small Mountain Ringlet)[4]
Erebia ligea (Arran Brown)[4]
Graminorthezia pseudograminis[6]
Hilberina dactylina[4]
Hipparchia semele (Grayling)[4]
Hymenoscyphus nitidulus[4]
Karstenia inconspicua[4]
Lachnum luteovinosum[4]
Lama glama (llama)[10]
Leptopterna ferrugata[5]
Leptosphaeria culmifraga[4]
Lichenopeltella alpestris[4]
Lophiostoma semiliberum[4]
Lophodermium apiculatum[4]
Lophodermium culmigenum[4]
Lophodermium gramineum[4]
Luzulaspis nemorosa (Koteja's soft scale)[6]
Micropeziza cornea[4]
Microtus oeconomus (tundra vole)[11]
Mollisia mutabilis[4]
Mollisia palustris[4]
Mycosphaerella lineolata[4]
Mycosphaerella recutita[4]
Myodes rufocanus (gray red-backed vole)[11]
Myrothecium atroviride[4]
Ochotona princeps (pika)[12]
Oligia fasciuncula (Middle-barred Minor Moth)[5]
Oomyces carneoalbus[4]
Paraphaeosphaeria michotii[4]
Periconia hispidula[4]
Pezizella eburnea[4]
Pezizella nigrocorticata[4]
Phaeoseptoria airae[4]
Phaeosphaeria eustoma[4]
Phaeosphaeria fuckelii[4]
Phaeosphaeria luctuosa[4]
Phaeosphaeria nigrans[4]
Phaeosphaeria nodorum[4]
Phaeosphaeria vagans[4]
Phomatospora berkeleyi[4]
Phragmonaevia hysterioides[4]
Pseudohelotium alaunae[4]
Psilachnum acutum[4]
Pyronia cecilia (Southern Gatekeeper)[4]
Rutola graminis[4]
Scutomollisia papillata[4]
Stagonospora arenaria[4]
Stagonospora subseriata[4]
Stiphrosoma laetum[4]
Stiphrosoma sabulosum[4]
Taphrophila argyllensis[4]
Tetramesa airae[4]
Tetramesa petiolata[4]
Tetraploa scheueri[4]
Thymelicus lineola (European skipper)[4]
Trematosphaeria clarkii[4]
Trichoderma spinulosum[4]
Trionymus dactylis[6]
Trionymus hamberdi (Hamberd's mealybug)[6]
Trionymus phalaridis (canarygrass mealybug)[6]
Trionymus placatus (pleasant grass mealybug)[6]
Tubeufia paludosa[4]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[8]
Venturiocistella heterotricha[4]
Vicugna pacos (alpaca)[10]


Parasitized by 
Blumeria graminis[4]
Claviceps purpurea (Ergot)[4]
Puccinia coronata[4]
Puccinia graminis[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dixon National Tallgrass Prairie Seed Bank
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Subarctic to Temp. Northern Hemisphere to African Mts., introduced in the Temp. Southern Hemisphere;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Ecology of Commanster
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
8National Geographic Magazine - May 2016 - Yellowstone - The Carnivore Comeback
9SNOW VOLE - Chionomys nivalis (Martins 1842), Janeau G., Aulagnier S., IBEX J.M.E. 4:1997
10Botanical composition of the diets of alpaca (Lama pacos) and llama (Lama glama) in the Andean rangelands of Chile, Birgit Wackwitz, G. Castellaro, H. J. Schwartz, A. Raggi, Deutscher Tropentag 1999 in Berlin, Session: Sustainable Technology Development in Animal Agriculture
11Analysing diet of small herbivores: the efficiency of DNA barcoding coupled with high-throughput pyrosequencing for deciphering the composition of complex plant mixtures, Eeva M Soininen, Alice Valentini, Eric Coissac, Christian Miquel, Ludovic Gielly, Christian Brochmann, Anne K Brysting, Jørn H Sønstebø, Rolf A Ims, Nigel G Yoccoz and Pierre Taberlet, Frontiers in Zoology 2009, 6:16
12Disparate determinants of summer and winter diet selection of a general herbivore, Ochotona princeps, M. Denise Dearing, Oecologia (1996) 108:467-478
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Ramsar Sites Information Service
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access