Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Brachiaria > Brachiaria mutica

Brachiaria mutica (perennial buffalo grass)

Synonyms: Brachiaria numidiana; Brachiaria purpurascens; Panicum amphibium; Panicum appressum; Panicum barbinode; Panicum equinum; Panicum guadaloupense; Panicum leiogonum; Panicum limnaeum; Panicum muticum; Panicum numidianum; Panicum paraguayense; Panicum pictigluma; Panicum punctulatum; Panicum purpurascens; Urochloa mutica

Wikipedia Abstract

Brachiaria mutica is a species of grass known by the common names para grass, buffalo grass, Mauritius signal grass, pasto pare, malojilla, gramalote, parana, Carib grass, and Scotch grass. Despite its common name California grass, it does not occur in California; it is native to northern and central Africa and parts of the Middle East, where it is cultivated for fodder. It was introduced elsewhere and it is now cultivated throughout tropical regions of the world for this purpose.
View Wikipedia Record: Brachiaria mutica

Invasive Species

The perennial buffalo grass (Urochloa mutica) can grow to heights of two meters, it is found growing in wet fields, ditches and gullies from sea level to 700mts. It forms dense monotypic stands by layering of trailing stems and can overgrow shrubs and native vegetation in the habitats it invades. It also has a mild allelopathic effect. It can tolerate brackish water and interfere with stream flow due to its higly aggressive invasive habit.
View ISSG Record: Brachiaria mutica


Height [1]  35 inches (0.9 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Dense
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [1]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [1]  Purple
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Bloom Period [1]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [1]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [1]  Medium
Frost Free Days [1]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Year Round
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Year Round
Growth Form [1]  Stoloniferous
Growth Period [1]  Year Round
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Leaf Type [1]  Deciduous
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Propagation [1]  Container, Seed, Sprig
Root Depth [1]  36 inches (91 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Seed Vigor [1]  Medium
Seeds Per [1]  424999 / lb (936964 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Decumbent
Structure [2]  Grass
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  Moderate

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Kakadu National Park II 4744348 Northern Territory, Australia
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  


Aclerda sacchari[3]
Antonina graminis (felted grass coccid)[3]
Aspidiella sacchari (sugarcane scale)[3]
Chorizococcus rostellum (Bermuda grass mealybug)[3]
Dysmicoccus boninsis (citrophilus mealybug)[3]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[3]
Lethe rohria (Common Treebrown)[4]
Melanitis leda (Evening brown butterfly)[4]
Melanitis phedima[4]
Nyctelius nyctelius[4]
Odonaspis saccharicaulis (paragrass scale)[3]
Oriens augustula[4]
Orsotriaena medus[4]
Ostrinia furnacalis[4]
Pelopidas mathias (Dark Small-branded Swift)[4]
Perichares philetes[4]
Pseudococcus saccharicola (yellowish sugarcane mealybug)[3]
Ypthima baldus (Common Fivering)[4]
Ypthima formosana[4]


Egypt, naturalised elsewhere;



Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access