Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Nototheniidae > Pleuragramma > Pleuragramma antarctica

Pleuragramma antarctica (Antarctic silverfish; Antarctic herring)

Synonyms: Pleuragramma antarcticum
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Wikipedia Abstract

Pleuragramma antarcticum, the Antarctic silverfish, is a species of cod icefish native to the Southern Ocean.Pleuragramma antarcticum is a keystone species in the ecosystem of the Southern Ocean.While widely distributed around the Antarctic, the species appears to have largely disappeared from the western side of the northern Antarctic Peninsula, based on a 2010 research cruise funded by the National Science Foundation under the US Antarctic Program.
View Wikipedia Record: Pleuragramma antarctica


Adult Weight [1]  110 grams
Maximum Longevity [2]  20 years

Prey / Diet

Aetideus armatus[3]
Calanoides acutus[4]
Calanus propinquus[3]
Codonellopsis gaussi[3]
Ctenocalanus vanus[3]
Cymatocylis antarctica[3]
Euphausia crystallorophias (ice krill)[5]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[3]
Hyperiella macronyx[3]
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)[3]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[3]
Metridia gerlachei[4]
Microcalanus pygmaeus[3]
Oithona similis[3]
Pelagobia longicirrata[3]
Pleuragramma antarctica (Antarctic silverfish)[6]
Primno macropa[3]
Rhincalanus gigas[3]
Stephos longipes[3]
Themisto gaudichaudii[4]
Thysanoessa macrura[3]
Trachyspermum ammi (Ajowan caraway)[3]


Alluroteuthis antarctica[7]
Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)[5]
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)[8]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[6]
Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Antarctic Minke Whale)[9]
Chaenodraco wilsoni (Spiny icefish)[6]
Chionodraco hamatus (Crocodile icefish)[6]
Chionodraco myersi (Myers' icefish)[6]
Chionodraco rastrospinosus (Ocellated icefish)[3]
Cryodraco antarcticus (Long-fingered icefish)[6]
Cygnodraco mawsoni (Mawson's dragonfish)[10]
Dacodraco hunteri (Crocodile icefish)[6]
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)[11]
Dissostichus mawsoni (Antarctic blenny)[12]
Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)[3]
Eudyptes schlegeli (Royal Penguin)[3]
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)[3]
Gvozdarus svetovidovi (Naked-head toothfish)[6]
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)[6]
Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal)[3]
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)[12]
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)[3]
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)[3]
Neopagetopsis ionah (Jonah's icefish)[6]
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)[3]
Ommatophoca rossii (Ross Seal)[3]
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)[5]
Pagothenia borchgrevinki (Bald notothen)[6]
Pleuragramma antarctica (Antarctic silverfish)[6]
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)[13]
Pygoscelis antarcticus (Chinstrap Penguin)[3]
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)[3]
Stercorarius antarcticus (Subantarctic Skua)[3]
Stercorarius maccormicki (South Polar Skua)[5]
Sterna vittata (Antarctic Tern)[3]
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)[5]
Trematomus eulepidotus (Blunt scalyhead)[3]
Trematomus hansoni (Striped rockcod)[3]
Trematomus lepidorhinus (Slender scalyhead)[3]
Trematomus newnesi (Dusky notothen)[6]
Trematomus nicolai (Spotted notothen)[3]
Trematomus pennellii (Sharp-spined notothen)[3]


Parasite of 
Contracaecum osculatum[3]
Corynosoma hamanni[3]
Genolinea bowersi[3]
Macvicaria pennelli[3]
Onchobothrium antarcticum[3]
Steringophorus furciger[3]


Parasitized by 
Contracaecum osculatum[14]
Contracaecum radiatum <Unverified Name>[14]
Corynosoma hamanni[14]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[14]
Genolinea bowersi[14]
Macvicaria pennelli[14]
Onchobothrium antarcticum[14]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[14]
Steringophorus furciger[14]


Southern Ocean: Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland, Elephant, South Orkney islands, Weddell, Bellingshausen, Ross and Davis seas, Oates, Adélie, Wilhelm and other coasts of East Antarctica to Prydz Bay.;



Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4A balanced model of the food web of the Ross Sea, Antarctica, M.H. Pinkerton, S.M. Hanchet, J. Bradford-Grieve, CCAMLR Science, Vol. 17 (2010) 5Food of emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) in the western Ross Sea, Antarctica, Y. Cherel and G. L. Kooyman, Marine Biology (1998) 130: 335-344 6The role of notothenioid fish in the food web of the Ross Sea shelf waters: a review, M. La Mesa, J. T. Eastman, M. Vacchi, Polar Biol (2004) 27: 321–338 7CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 8Geographical variation in the diet of the Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus gazella, R. Casaux, A. Baroni, F. Arrighetti, A. Ramón, A. Carlini, Polar Biol (2003) 26: 753–758 9Feeding Habits and Prey Consumption of Antarctic Minke Whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis) in the Southern Ocean, Tsutomu Tamura and Kenji Konishi, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 42: 13–25 10Diet of two Antarctic dragonfish (Pisces: Bathydraconidae) from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean, EVGENY A. PAKHOMOV, Antarctic Science 10 (1): 55-61 (1998) 11DIET OF THE PINTADO PETREL DAPTION CAPENSE AT KING GEORGE ISLAND, ANTARCTICA, 1990/91, S. CREET, J.A. VAN FRANEKER, T.M. VAN SPANJE & W.J. WOLFF, Marine Ornithology 22: 221-229 (1995) 12The evolution of neutrally buoyant notothenioid fishes: Their specializations and potential interactions in the Antarctic marine food web, J.T. Eastman, Antarctic Nutrient Cycles and Food Webs, Springer-Verlag 1985 13Diet and foraging effort of Adélie penguins in relation to pack-ice conditions in the southern Ross Sea, David G. Ainley, Peter R. Wilson, Kerry J. Barton, Grant Ballard, Nadav Nur, Brian Karl, Polar Biol (1998) 20: 311-319 14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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