Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Violaceae > Viola > Viola arcuata
 

Viola arcuata

Infraspecies

Predators

Argyreus hyperbius[1]
Fabriciana nerippe[1]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Bombus hypocrita[2]
Bombylius major (Bee fly)[2]
Ceratina esakii[2]
Ceratina japonica[2]
Ceratina megastigmata[2]
Lasius niger (Black garden ant)[2]
Nomada pacifica[2]
Osmia taurus[2]

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Kato, M., T. Makutani, T. Inoue, and T. Itino. 1990. Insect-flower relationship in the primary beech forest of Ashu, Kyoto: an overview of the flowering phenology and seasonal pattern of insect visits. Contr. Biol. Lab. Kyoto Univ. 27:309-375.
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