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Sclerocarya birrea (marula)

Wikipedia Abstract

Sclerocarya birrea, commonly known as the marula, (Ancient Greek σκληρός, sklērós, "hard", and κάρυον, káryon, "nut", in reference to the stone inside the fleshy fruit) is a medium-sized dioecious tree, indigenous to the miombo woodlands of Southern Africa, the Sudano-Sahelian range of West Africa, and Madagascar.
View Wikipedia Record: Sclerocarya birrea

Infraspecies

Attributes

Janka Hardness [1]  1000 lbf (454 kgf) Soft
Specific Gravity [2]  0.508

Predators

Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[3]
Estrilda perreini (Grey Waxbill)[4]
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)[5]
Neotragus moschatus (suni)[6]
Numida meleagris (Helmeted Guineafowl)[3]
Philotherma rosa[3]
Poicephalus meyeri (Meyer's Parrot)[3]
Poicephalus senegalus (Senegal Parrot)[7]
Trabala pallida[3]
Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu)[8]
Trichopisthia monteiroi[3]

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
2Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Diet and distribution of elephant in the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique, Willem F. De Boer, Cornelio P. Ntumi, Augusto U. Correia and Jorge M. Mafuca, Afr. J. Ecol., 38, 188-201 (2000)
6Co-existence and niche segregation of three small bovid species in southern Mozambique, Herbert H.T. Prins, Willem F. de Boer, Herman van Oeveren, Augusto Correia, Jorge Mafuca and Han Olff, 2006 East African Wild Life Society, Afr. J. Ecol., 44, 186–198
7Food of some birds in eastern New South Wales: additions to Barker & Vestjens. Emu 93(3): 195–199
8The diet of kudus in a mopane dominated area, South Africa, J. F. Hooimeijer, F. A. Jansen, W. F. De Boer, D. Wessels, C. Van der Waal, C. B. De Jong, N. D. Otto, L. Knoop, Koedoe Vol 48, No 2, pp. 93-102 (2005)
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