Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Rutaceae > Citrus > Citrus aurantium

Citrus aurantium (myrtle-leaved orange tree)

Synonyms: Aurantium acre; Aurantium corniculatum; Aurantium distortum; Aurantium humile; Aurantium myrtifolium; Aurantium sinense; Aurantium vulgare; Citrus amara; Citrus aurantium subsp. amara; Citrus aurantium subsp. sinensis; Citrus aurantium subsp. suntara; Citrus aurantium var. bigaradia; Citrus aurantium var. crassa; Citrus aurantium var. daidai; Citrus aurantium var. dulcis; Citrus aurantium var. fetifera; Citrus aurantium var. lusitanica; Citrus aurantium var. myrtifolia; Citrus aurantium var. sanguinea; Citrus aurantium var. sinensis; Citrus aurantium var. vulgaris; Citrus aurata; Citrus bigaradia; Citrus changshan-huyou; Citrus communis; Citrus decumana var. paradisi; Citrus decumana var. pationiana; Citrus decumana var. racemosa; Citrus dulcis; Citrus florida; Citrus grandis var. racemosa; Citrus humilis; Citrus madraspatana; Citrus maxima var. uvacarpa; Citrus myrtifolia; Citrus nobilis; Citrus paradisi; Citrus paradisii; Citrus sinensis; Citrus sinensis subsp. crassa; Citrus sinensis subsp. fetifera; Citrus sinensis subsp. lusitanica; Citrus sinensis subsp. suntara; Citrus sinensis var. brassiliensis; Citrus sinensis var. sanguinea; Citrus sinensis var. sekkan; Citrus taiwanica; Citrus tangelo; Citrus vulgaris

Wikipedia Abstract

Citrus myrtifolia, the myrtle-leaved orange tree, is a species of Citrus with foliage similar to that of the common myrtle. It is a compact tree with small leaves and no thorns which grows to a height of three metres and can be found in Malta, Libya , south France and Italy (primarily in Liguria tipically Savona and also in Tuscany, Sicily and Calabria). Citrus myrtifolia is sometimes planted in gardens. Due to its compactness, it can also be planted in a pot or other container.
View Wikipedia Record: Citrus aurantium

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Citrus aurantium


Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Fort Caroline National Memorial III 137 Florida, United States
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Piedras Blancas National Park II 34735 Costa Rica  
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Emblem of



Achlyodes busirus[3]
Achlyodes thraso[3]
Adoxophyes fasciculana[3]
Akermes townsendi[4]
Amorbia emigratella (Mexican Leaf-roller)[3]
Amyelois transitella (Navel Orangeworm)[3]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[5]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[5]
Anastrepha obliqua (west indian fruit fly)[5]
Anastrepha serpentina (sapote fruit fly)[5]
Anastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)[5]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[5]
Anastrepha turpiniae[5]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[4]
Aonidiella inornata (papaya red scale)[4]
Archips argyrospila[3]
Argyrotaenia citrana (Orange tortrix)[3]
Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly)[6]
Automeris complicata[3]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[4]
Ceroplastes rusci (barnacle wax scale)[4]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[4]
Chileulia stalactitis[3]
Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular black scale)[7]
Citripestis sagittiferella[3]
Clarkeulia bourquini[3]
Clarkeulia dimorpha[3]
Clavaspidiotus apicalis[4]
Coccus capparidis (capparis soft scale)[4]
Coccus pseudomagnoliarum (Citricola scale)[4]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[4]
Coleotechnites citriella[3]
Crypticerya montserratensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Cryptoblabes gnidiella[3]
Cryptophlebia peltastica[3]
Cryptothelea gloverii[3]
Cynthia cardui[8]
Deltinea costalimai[3]
Dichomeris citrifoliella[3]
Dysmicoccus nesophilus[4]
Earias insulana (Egyptian Stemborer)[3]
Ecdytolopha aurantianum[3]
Egira curialis[3]
Emesis mandana[8]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[4]
Ferrisia malvastra (grey mealybug)[4]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[4]
Fiorinia proboscidaria[4]
Goniotorna erratica[3]
Gonodonta incurva[3]
Gonodonta nutrix (Citrus Fruitpiercer)[3]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[4]
Homoeosoma electella[3]
Hypercompe eridanus[3]
Hypercompe scribonia (Giant Leopard Moth)[3]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[4]
Jamides bochus (Dark Cerulean)[3]
Lepidosaphes beckii (citrus mussel scale)[4]
Lepidosaphes gloverii (citrus long scale)[4]
Leptococcus minutus <Unverified Name>[4]
Lindingaspis picea[4]
Lopholeucaspis cockerelli (Cockerell scale)[4]
Lycophotia porphyrea (True Lover's Knot)[3]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[4]
Marmara salictella[3]
Megalopyge defoliata[3]
Megalopyge lanata[3]
Megalopyge nuda[3]
Megalopyge radiata[3]
Megalopyge urens[3]
Megapulvinaria maxima[4]
Melanchra picta (zebra caterpillar)[3]
Morganella longispina (champaca scale)[4]
Mycetaspis personata (masked scale)[7]
Narosa propolia[3]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[4]
Orgyia postica[3]
Oxydia vesulia[3]
Papilio aegeus (Large citrus butterfly)[8]
Papilio anactus (Small citrus butterfly)[8]
Papilio anchisiades (Rubyspot swallowtail)[3]
Papilio andraemon (Swallowtail)[3]
Papilio androgeus (Queen page swallowtail)[3]
Papilio astyalus (Broad-banded Swallowtail)[3]
Papilio cresphontes (Orange-dog swallowtail)[3]
Papilio dardanus (Mocker swallowtail)[8]
Papilio demodocus (Esper citrus swallowtail)[8]
Papilio demoleus (Checkered lime swallowtail)[3]
Papilio fuscus (Smaller Helen swallowtail)[8]
Papilio hectorides[3]
Papilio helenus (Red helen swallowtail)[8]
Papilio memnon (Great mormon swallowtail)[3]
Papilio nireus (Narrow blue-banded swallowtail)[8]
Papilio polytes (Common mormon swallowtail)[3]
Papilio protenor (Tiger swallowtail)[8]
Papilio scamander (Swallowtail)[3]
Papilio thoas (Giant swallowtail)[3]
Papilio xuthus (Tiger swallowtail)[8]
Papilio zelicaon (Anise swallowtail)[3]
Paracoccus glaucus[4]
Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)[4]
Parides panthonus[3]
Parides tros[8]
Parlatoria cinerea (apple parlatoria)[4]
Parlatoria pergandii (black parlatoria scale)[4]
Parlatoria proteus (common parlatoria scale)[4]
Parlatoria ziziphi (citrus parlatoria)[4]
Phyllocnistis citrella (Citrus leafminer)[3]
Pinnaspis aspidistrae <Unverified Name>[4]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[4]
Planococcus kraunhiae (Japanese mealybug)[4]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[4]
Planotortrix octo <Unverified Name>[9]
Platynota stultana (Omnivorous leafroller)[3]
Prochalia pygmaea[3]
Proeulia auraria[3]
Proeulia chrysopteris[3]
Pseudococcus calceolariae (citrophilus mealybug)[4]
Pseudococcus cryptus (citriculus mealybug)[4]
Pseudococcus donrileyi (Riley citrus mealybug)[4]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[4]
Pseudococcus odermatti[4]
Psorosticha zizyphi (Citrus leafroller moth)[3]
Pulvinaria aurantii[4]
Puto barberi[4]
Rastrococcus invadens (Mango mealybug)[4]
Rastrococcus truncatispinus (Rastrococcus mealybug)[4]
Rothschildia hesperus[3]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[4]
Saissetia neglecta (Caribbean black scale)[4]
Selenaspidus articulatus (rufous scale)[7]
Sibine bonaerensis[3]
Spodoptera littoralis (African Cotton Leafworm)[3]
Spodoptera ornithogalli (yellowstripe armyworm)[3]
Streblote panda[3]
Tachardina actinella[4]
Thyrinteina arnobia[3]
Tinea minutella[3]
Toumeyella cubensis[4]
Unaspis citri (citrus snow scale)[4]
Urodus parvula[3]
Zadalcera fumata[3]


Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
5Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
6Atherigona orientalis (Schiner) (Insecta: Diptera: Muscidae), Kenneth L. Hibbard, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry; and William A. Overholt, University of Florida, September 2012
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
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