Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Hemiptera > Coccoidea > Diaspididae > Lepidosaphes > Lepidosaphes ulmi
 

Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale; appletree bark louse; butternut bark-louse; fig oystershell scale; fig scale; greater fig mussel scale; linden oystershell scale; Mediterranean fig scale; mussel scale; oyster-shell bark-louse; oyster-shell bark-louse of the apple; oystershell scale; oyster-shell scale; pear oystershell scale; poplar oystershell scale; red oystershell scale; vine mussel scale)

Synonyms: Aspidiotus conchiformis; Aspidiotus falciformis; Aspidiotus juglandis; Aspidiotus pomorum; Aspidious fraxini; Coccus amygdali; Coccus ulmi; Lepidosaphes beckii oleae; Lepidosaphes bicolor; Lepidosaphes ceratoniae; Lepidosaphes juglandis; Lepidosaphes linearis; Lepidosaphes mesasiatica; Lepidosaphes oleae; Lepidosaphes pinnaeformis oleae; Lepidosaphes pomorum; Lepidosaphes populi; Lepidosaphes tiliae; Lepidosaphes ulmi; Lepidosaphes ulmi bisexualis; Lepidosaphes ulmi candida; Lepidosaphes ulmi cotini; Lepidosaphes ulmi oleae; Lepidosaphes ulmi rosae; Lepidosaphes ulmi ulicis; Lepidosaphes ulmi unisexualis; Lepidosaphes ulmi vitis; Mytilaspis bicolor; Mytilaspis ceratoniae; Mytilaspis fraxini; Mytilaspis juglandis; Mytilaspis pomicorticis; Mytilaspis pomorum; Mytilaspis pomorum candidus; Mytilaspis pomorum ulicis; Mytilaspis pomorum vitis; Mytilaspis ulicis; Mytilaspis ulmi; Mytilaspis ulmicorticis; Mytilaspis vitis; Mytilococcus communis; Mytilococcus linearis; Mytilococcus oleae; Mytilococcus populi; Mytilococcus tiliae; Mytilococcus ulmi
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

Lepidosaphes ulmi also known as apple mussel scale or oystershell scale is a scale insect that is a pest of trees and woody plants. The small insects attach themselves to bark and cause injury by sucking the tree's sap; this metabolic drain on the plant may kill a branch or the entire tree.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepidosaphes ulmi

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Abies firma (Momi Fir)[1]
Acer negundo (box elder)[1]
Acer negundo subsp. negundo (Boxelder)[1]
Acer pennsylvanicum <Unverified Name>[1]
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)[1]
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)[2]
Acer rubrum[1]
Acer saccharinum[2]
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)[1]
Acer spicatum (mountain maple)[1]
Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala (Amur maple)[1]
Aesculus glabra (Ohio buckeye)[1]
Aesculus hippocastanum (horse chestnut)[1]
Ailanthus altissima (ailanthus)[1]
Ailanthus glondulosa <Unverified Name>[1]
Alnus viridis (mountain alder)[1]
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[1]
Amygdalus cerasus <Unverified Name>[1]
Andromeda polyfolia <Unverified Name>[1]
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (kinnikinnick)[1]
Aruncus dioicus (goat's beard)[1]
Berberis vulgaris (epine-vinette commune)[1]
Betula ermanii (Gold Birch)[1]
Betula nigra (river birch)[1]
Betula pendula (European white birch)[1]
Betula pendula var. pendula[1]
Betula populifolia (gray birch)[1]
Betula pubescens (downy birch)[1]
Buxus sempervirens (common box)[1]
Cajanus cajan (Pigeon Pea Bush)[1]
Calluna vulgaris (heather)[1]
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)[1]
Castanea sativa (European chestnut)[2]
Catalpa speciosa (northern catalpa)[1]
Ceanothus americanus (new jersey tea)[1]
Ceanothus dentatus (sandscrub ceanothus)[2]
Ceanothus jepsonii (Jepson ceanothus)[2]
Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)[1]
Celtis occidentalis (common hackberry)[1]
Ceratonia siliqua (Carob Tree)[2]
Cercis siliquastrum (Judas-tree)[1]
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf)[1]
Cinnamomum camphora (camphor tree)[1]
Clematis terniflora (leatherleaf clematis)[1]
Cocos nucifera (coconut palm)[1]
Continus coggygria <Unverified Name>[1]
Cornus alba (Red Osier Dogwood)[1]
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaf dogwood)[1]
Cornus californicus <Unverified Name>[1]
Cornus controversa[1]
Cornus sanguinea (bloodtwig dogwood)[1]
Cornus sericea subsp. occidentalis (Western dogwood)[1]
Corylus avellana (common filbert)[1]
Cotinus coggygria (European smoketree)[1]
Cotoneaster integerrima <Unverified Name>[1]
Cotoneaster lucida <Unverified Name>[1]
Crataegus crus-galli (cockspur hawthorn)[1]
Crataegus cuneata (Chinese hawthorn)[1]
Crataegus jezoana <Unverified Name>[1]
Crataegus monogyna (Common Hawthorn)[1]
Cytisus nubigensus <Unverified Name>[1]
Cytisus scoparius (Broomtops)[1]
Cytisus supranubius[1]
Diospyros kaki (japanese persimmon)[1]
Dirca palustris (eastern leatherwood)[1]
Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)[1]
Elaeagnus commutata (silverberry)[1]
Erica cinerea (Scotch heath)[2]
Erica tetralix (crossleaf heath)[1]
Eriogonum parvifolium (seacliff buckwheat)[1]
Euphorbia verrucosa[1]
Fagus grandifolia subsp. grandifolia[1]
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[1]
Ficus carica (piku)[1]
Fraxinus americana (white ash)[1]
Fraxinus excelsior (European ash)[1]
Fraxinus ornus (flowering ash)[1]
Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)[1]
Genista fasselata[2]
Gleditsia aquatica (water honeylocust)[1]
Gleditsia triacanthos (honeylocusts)[1]
Heteromeles arbutifolia (Toyon)[1]
Hippophae rhamnoides (seabuckthorn)[1]
Hovenia trichocarpa var. robusta (Japanese raisintree)[1]
Hydrangea arborescens (smooth hydrangea)[1]
Ilex aquifolium (English holly)[1]
Ilex crenata (Japanese holly)[1]
Juglans cinerea (butternut)[1]
Juglans regia (English walnut)[1]
Lepidium graminifolium (grassleaf pepperweed)[1]
Ligustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)[1]
Ligustrum vulgare (European privet)[1]
Lindera triloba (sassafras)[1]
Liriodendron tulipifera (tuliptree)[1]
Magnolia tripetala (umbrella-tree)[1]
Malus baccata (Siberian crabapple)[1]
Malus mandshurica[1]
Malus pumila (Common apple)[1]
Malus sylvestris (Crab Apple)[1]
Mangifera indica (mango)[2]
Morus alba (mulberry)[2]
Nerium oleander (oleander)[1]
Olea europaea (olive)[1]
Pachysandra terminalis (Japanese pachysandra)[1]
Panax quinquefolium <Unverified Name>[1]
Philadelphus caucasicus (Caucasus mockorange)[1]
Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)[2]
Pistacia lentiscus (mastic tree)[1]
Planera keakei <Unverified Name>[1]
Platanus orientalis (oriental planetree)[1]
Populus alba (Silver-leaf poplar)[1]
Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar)[1]
Populus berolinensis (poplar)[1]
Populus communis <Unverified Name>[1]
Populus deltoides (eastern cottonwood)[1]
Populus fastigiate <Unverified Name>[1]
Populus lombardi <Unverified Name>[1]
Populus nigra (Lombardy poplar)[1]
Populus nigra var. italica[1]
Populus simonii (Chinese cottonwood)[1]
Populus tremula (European aspen)[1]
Potentilla erecta (Tormentil)[1]
Prunus armeniaca (apricot)[1]
Prunus avium (Wild Cherry)[2]
Prunus cerasifera (cherry plum)[1]
Prunus cerasus (sour cherry)[2]
Prunus domestica (plum)[1]
Prunus dulcis (Almond)[1]
Prunus emarginata (Bitter cherry)[1]
Prunus maackii (Manchurian cherry)[1]
Prunus persica (peach)[1]
Prunus salicina (Chinese plum)[1]
Prunus sargentii (Sargent's cherry)[1]
Prunus spinosa (Blackthorn)[1]
Ptelea trifoliata (hoptree)[1]
Punica granatum (pomegranate)[1]
Pyrus communis (common pear)[1]
Pyrus pyrifolia (Chinese pear)[1]
Pyrus sativus <Unverified Name>[1]
Quercus hartwissiana[1]
Quercus petraea subsp. petraea[1]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[1]
Quercus robur subsp. robur[1]
Quercus tuneri <Unverified Name>[1]
Rhamnus cathartica (Hart's thorn)[1]
Rhamnus purshiana (Pursh's buckthorn)[2]
Rhododendron tomentosum (marsh Labrador tea)[1]
Ribes alpinum (alpine currant)[1]
Ribes comminis <Unverified Name>[1]
Ribes cynosbati (pasture currant)[1]
Ribes nigrum (European black currant)[1]
Ribes rubrum (cultivated currant)[1]
Ricinus communis (Castor-Oil Plant)[1]
Robinia pseudocacia <Unverified Name>[1]
Rosa canina (Dog Rose)[1]
Rosa rugosa (rugosa rose)[1]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[1]
Salix aegyptiaca[1]
Salix alba (golden willow)[1]
Salix amygdaloides (peachleaf willow)[1]
Salix canariensis[1]
Salix caprea (goat willow)[1]
Salix elaeagnos subsp. elaeagnos (Elaeagnus willow)[1]
Salix matsudana (corkscrew willow)[1]
Salix sinopurpurea (purpleosier willow)[1]
Salix viminalis (basket willow)[1]
Sorbaria sorbifolia (false spiraea)[1]
Sorbus americana (American Mountain-ash)[1]
Sorbus aucuparia (Mountain Ash)[1]
Sorbus intermedia (Swedish Whitebeam)[1]
Sorbus torminalis (Wild Service Tree)[1]
Spartium junceum (weaver's broom)[2]
Spiraea salicifolia (willowleaf meadowsweet)[2]
Spirea salicifolia <Unverified Name>[1]
Staphylea trifolia (american bladdernut)[1]
Styrax officinalis (drug snowbell)[1]
Syringa persica (Persian lilac)[1]
Syringa reflexa <Unverified Name>[1]
Syringa vulgaris (common lilac)[1]
Tamarix africana (saltcedar)[1]
Thelycrania tatarica <Unverified Name>[1]
Tilia americana (American basswood)[1]
Tilia angustifolia <Unverified Name>[1]
Tilia cordata (littleleaf linden)[1]
Triadica sebifera (Chinese tallow)[1]
Ulex europaeus (common gorse)[1]
Ulmus glabra subsp. glabra (Wych elm)[1]
Ulmus procera (English elm)[1]
Vaccinium hagerupii (small cranberry)[1]
Vaccinium macrocarpum (cranberry)[1]
Vaccinium myrtillus (myrtle blueberry)[1]
Vaccinium uliginosum (bog blueberry)[1]
Vitis vinifera (wine grape)[1]
Ziziphus spinae <Unverified Name>[1]
Acer rubrum[3]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[3]
Carya alba[3]
Cornus florida[3]
Fagus grandifolia[3]
Ilex opaca[3]
Platanus mexicana[3]
Salix nigra[3]
Ulmus americana[3]
Vaccinium corymbosum[3]

Predators

Ablerus celsus[1]
Anagyrus matritensis[1]
Aphelinus mytaspidis <Unverified Name>[1]
Aphytis abnormis[1]
Aphytis aonidiae[1]
Aphytis diaspidis[1]
Aphytis maculicornis[1]
Aphytis mytilaspidis[1]
Aphytis proclia[1]
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)[3]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[3]
Chilocorus bipustulatus[1]
Chilocorus kuwanae[1]
Coccobius testaceus[1]
Coccophagus obscurus[1]
Encarsia citrina[1]
Encarsia herndoni[1]
Encarsia perniciosi (Red scale parasite)[1]
Epitetracnemus intersectus[1]
Erythmelus gracilis[1]
Habrolepis zetterstedti <Unverified Name>[1]
Hemisarcoptes malus[1]
Hippodamia convergens (convergent lady beetle)[3]
Lindorus lophantae <Unverified Name>[1]
Microterys machacrus <Unverified Name>[1]
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)[3]
Pseudorhopus testaceus[1]
Pteroptrix longiclava[1]
Zaomma lambinus[1]

Providers

Parasite of 
Acer rubrum (red maple)[3]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[3]
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)[3]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[3]
Ilex opaca (American holly)[3]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[3]
Salix nigra (black willow)[3]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[3]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[3]
Shelter 
Acer rubrum[3]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[3]
Carya alba[3]
Cornus florida[3]
Fagus grandifolia[3]
Ilex opaca[3]
Platanus mexicana[3]
Salix nigra[3]
Ulmus americana[3]
Vaccinium corymbosum[3]

Distribution

Finland, Sicily, Latvia, Malta, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Uzbekistan, Saudi Arabia, Italy, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan (=Tadzhikistan), Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Kingdom, United States of America, Japan, Sardinia, Argentina, Kazakhstan, Algeria, Yugoslavia, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Canary Islands, Chile, China, Corsica, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Iraq, Denmark, India, Israel, Hawaiian Islands, Greece, Germany, Georgia, France, Egypt, Iran;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Ben-Dov Y., Miller, German & Gimpel, , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 2Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access