Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Hemiptera > Coccoidea > Diaspididae > Howardia > Howardia biclavis
 

Howardia biclavis (mining scale; the burrowing scale)

Synonyms: Chionaspis biclavis; Chionaspis biclavis detecta; Howardia biclavis; Howardia biclavis detecta; Megalodiaspis biclavis

Prey / Diet

Acacia cornigera (bullhorn wattle)[1]
Acacia melissima <Unverified Name>[2]
Allamanda cathartica (golden trumpet)[2]
Andira inermis (cabbagebark tree)[2]
Annona muricata (soursop)[2]
Annona reticulata (custard apple)[2]
Annona squamosa (sugar apple)[2]
Artemisia abrotanum (southernwood)[2]
Artocarpus integrifolia[2]
Bauhinia monandra (Pink Butterfly Tree)[2]
Bauhinia purpurea (Purple Butterfly Tree)[2]
Bauhinia variegata (butterfly tree)[2]
Bixa orellana (lipsticktree)[2]
Blakea laevigata (smooth johnnyberry)[2]
Blighia sapida (akee)[2]
Brugmansia suaveolens (angel's-tears)[2]
Brunfelsia nitida (Cuban raintree)[2]
Buddleia davidii <Unverified Name>[2]
Bursera gummifera <Unverified Name>[2]
Cajanus cajan (Pigeon Pea Bush)[2]
Calophyllum brasiliense (Alexandrian laurel)[2]
Camellia sinensis (tea)[2]
Carica papaya (papaya)[2]
Casearia sylvestris (crackopen)[2]
Catesbaea spinosa[2]
Celtis sinensis[2]
Cestrum diurnum (day flowering jassamine)[2]
Chrysalidocarpus lutescenses <Unverified Name>[2]
Chrysophyllum cainito (star apple)[2]
Cinchona pubescens (quinine)[2]
Cisuss sicyoides <Unverified Name>[2]
Citrus aurantiifolia (lime)[2]
Citrus limon (lemon)[2]
Citrus medica (citron)[2]
Clusia flava[2]
Clusia lacuma <Unverified Name>[2]
Clusia rosea (scotch attorney)[2]
Codiaeum variegatum (garden croton)[2]
Coffea arabica (Arabian coffee)[2]
Combretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)[2]
Combretum micropetalum <Unverified Name>[2]
Cordia interrupta <Unverified Name>[2]
Cordia macrostachya <Unverified Name>[2]
Cosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)[2]
Croton discolor (lechecillo)[2]
Croton lucidus (firebush)[2]
Cydonia oblonga (quince)[2]
Desmodium incanum (Kaimi Clover)[2]
Diospyros ebenum (ebony)[2]
Duranta erecta (golden dewdrops)[2]
Duranta plumieri <Unverified Name>[2]
Echites melaleuca <Unverified Name>[2]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[2]
Ficus carica (piku)[2]
Ficus laurifolia <Unverified Name>[2]
Ficus parcellii <Unverified Name>[2]
Gardenia jasminoides (Cape jasmine)[2]
Genipa americana (jagua)[2]
Gesneria pedunculosa (arbol de Navidad)[2]
Graptophyllum pictum (caricature-plant)[2]
Grevillea robusta (silkoak)[2]
Guarea guidonia (American muskwood)[2]
Guettarda scabra (wild guave)[2]
Hibiscus mutabilis (Dixie rosemallow)[2]
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (chinese hibiscus)[2]
Hibiscus syriacus (althea)[2]
Hippomane mancinella (manchineel)[2]
Hydnocarpus wightiana <Unverified Name>[2]
Ilex nitida var. repanda[2]
Inga laurina (sacky sac bean)[2]
Ipomea tiliacea <Unverified Name>[2]
Ixora coccinea (scarlet jungleflame)[2]
Ixora coccinea var. coccinea[2]
Jacobinia mohintli <Unverified Name>[2]
Jasminum humile (Italian jasmine)[2]
Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)[2]
Jasminum simplicifolius <Unverified Name>[2]
Jasminum trifoliatum <Unverified Name>[2]
Jatropha integerrima (peregrina)[2]
Lagerstroemia indica (crapemyrtle)[2]
Landolphia florida <Unverified Name>[2]
Landolphia heudelotii (landolphia rubber)[2]
Lantana camara (lantana)[2]
Leucaena leucocephala (Wild mimosa)[1]
Mabea buxifolia <Unverified Name>[2]
Macadamia integrifolia (macadamia nut)[2]
Malus pumila (Common apple)[2]
Mammea americana (mammee apple)[2]
Mangifera indica (mango)[2]
Manilkara bidentata (Surinam bulletwood)[2]
Manilkara zapota (sapodilla)[2]
Matisia cordata[2]
Melia azedarach (chinaberry)[1]
Melia azederach <Unverified Name>[2]
Melicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)[2]
Microcitrus australasica (Australian finger lime)[2]
Micropholis crysophylioides <Unverified Name>[2]
Morella cerifera (wax myrtle)[2]
Moringa oleifera (horseradishtree)[2]
Morus nigra (black mulberry)[2]
Mundulea sericea (Pilavaiam)[2]
Murraya paniculata (Chinese box)[2]
Myristica fragrans (nutmeg)[1]
Myristica macrantha <Unverified Name>[2]
Nephelium longan <Unverified Name>[2]
Nerium oleander (oleander)[2]
Notopleura uliginosa (tres cabezas)[2]
Nyctanthes sambac <Unverified Name>[2]
Ochna sopata <Unverified Name>[2]
Ocotea leucoxylon (loblolly sweetwood)[2]
Olea europaea (olive)[2]
Osteomeles anthyllidifolia (Hawai'i hawthorn)[2]
Parinari laurinum <Unverified Name>[2]
Passiflora laurifolia (golden bellapple)[2]
Persea americana (avocado)[2]
Photinia wrightiana[2]
Phyla stoechadifolia (southern fogfruit)[2]
Phytolaca rivinoides <Unverified Name>[2]
Piper aduncum (higuillo de hoja menuda)[2]
Piper angustifolium (pepper)[1]
Piper methysticum (kava)[2]
Piper nigrum (black pepper)[2]
Piper rivinoides <Unverified Name>[2]
Pithecellobium dulce (monkeypod)[2]
Planchonella obovata[2]
Plectranthus amboinicus (Mexican mint)[2]
Plumeria alba (nosegaytree)[2]
Polyalthia longifolia[2]
Pouteria campechiana (Canistel)[2]
Pouteria dominigensis subsp. dominigensis[2]
Pouteria sapota (mamey sapote)[1]
Psidium guajava (common guava)[2]
Pterocarpus indicus (pterocarpus)[2]
Punica granatum (pomegranate)[2]
Randia aculeata (white indigoberry)[2]
Rhus copallinum var. copallinum[2]
Ruta chalepensis (fringed rue)[2]
Solanum melangena <Unverified Name>[2]
Solanum seaforthianum (paraiso)[2]
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (light-blue snakeweed)[2]
Strobilanthes isophyllus <Unverified Name>[2]
Syzygium cleyerifolium[2]
Tabernaemontana citrifolia (milkwood)[2]
Tabernaemontana divaricata (pinwheelflower)[2]
Talipariti tiliaceum (mahoe)[2]
Tamarindus indica (Tamarind)[1]
Tecoma capensis (cape honeysuckle)[2]
Terminalia catappa (india almond)[2]
Terminalia tomentosa[2]
Theobroma cacao (cacao)[1]
Thouinia strata <Unverified Name>[2]
Tithonia diversifolia (tree marigold)[2]
Trachelospermum jasminoides (confederate jasmine)[2]
Trema micrantha (Jamaican nettletree)[2]
Triumfetta semitriloba (masiksik lahe)[2]
Varronia polycephala (black-sage)[2]

Predators

Aphytis diaspidis[2]
Aphytis proclia[2]
Aphytis theae[2]
Haplothrips merilli <Unverified Name>[2]
Pteroptrix albifemur[2]

Distribution

Indonesia, Russia, Rodriques Island, Puerto Rico & Vieques Island, Poland, Philippines, Saint Croix, Peru, Papua New Guinea, Panama, Palau, Niue, New Caledonia, Zimbabwe, Mexico, Tonga, Mauritius, Montserrat, Taiwan, Ecuador, Zanzibar, Western Samoa, Venezuela, Vanuatu (=New Hebrides), United States of America, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Kitts and Nevis Islands, Spain, South Africa, Singapore, Sardinia, Sao Tome and Principe, Madagascar, United Kingdom, Bermuda, Dominica, Czech Republic, Cuba, Cook Islands, Colombia, China, Dominican Republic, Bonin Islands (=Ogasawara-Gunto), Fiji, Barbados, Bahamas, Australia, Argentina, Antigua and Barbuda, Kenya, Brazil, India, Jamaica, Italy, Federated States of Micronesia, Japan, Hawaiian Islands, Haiti, Guyana, Ghana, Germany, Galapagos Islands, French Polynesia, French Guiana, France, Ireland;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Ben-Dov Y., Miller, German & Gimpel, , ScaleNet: Systematic Database of the Scale Insects of the World in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 2Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access