Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus quadrifolia
 

Pinus quadrifolia (Parry pinyon; Nut pine; Parry pine)

Synonyms: Pinus cembroides subsp. parryana; Pinus cembroides var. juarezensis; Pinus cembroides var. parryana; Pinus cembroides var. quadrifolia; Pinus juarezensis; Pinus llaveana; Pinus parryana
Language: Chi; Fre; Rus; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus quadrifolia, the Parry pinyon, is a pine in the pinyon pine group native to southernmost California in the United States and northern Baja California in Mexico, from 33° 30' N south to 30° 30' N. It occurs at moderate altitudes from 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) to 1,800 metres (5,900 ft), rarely as low as 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) and as high as 2,500 metres (8,200 ft). It is scarce and often scattered in this region, forming open woodlands, usually mixed with junipers.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus quadrifolia

Attributes

Height [2]  49 feet (15 m)
Width [1]  20 feet (6.1 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [4]  0.47
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The roots have been used to make baskets; The bark has been used as a roofing material in houses; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. The pitch has been used as a face cream to prevent sunburn; The pitch can be used as an adhesive on pottery etc; Wood - light, soft, close grained; It burns well and gives off a pleasant odour;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus quadrifolia

Predators

Pityococcus deleoni[5]

Range Map

U.S.A.: California (Riverside and San Diego Co.); Mexico: Baja California Norte. TDWG: 76 CAL 79 MXN-BC; USA: California (Riverside and San Diego Co.); Mexico: Baja California Norte.. TDWG: 76 CAL 79 MXN-BC;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access