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Pinus cembroides (Pinyon pine; Mexican nut pine; Mexican pinyon)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus cembroides, also known as pinyon pine, Mexican pinyon, Mexican nut pine, and Mexican stone pine, is a pine in the pinyon pine group, native to western North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus cembroides

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  26 feet (8 m)
Width [2]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [3]  0.47
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; A gum pitch is used as a glue for waterproofing and repairing pottery; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood - soft, light, close-grained; Somewhat fragrant when burnt; Used for fuel and posts, but rarely for lumber;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus cembroides

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States

Predators

Coloradia velda[4]
Conophthorus cembroides[5]
Diaspidiotus ehrhorni (Ehrhorn scale)[6]
Dioryctria albovittella[4]
Dynaspidiotus californicus <Unverified Name>[6]
Eucosma bobana[4]
Holcocera panurgella[4]
Leptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)[5]
Melanaspis indurata[6]
Melanaspis mimosae (Mimosa scale)[6]
Pityococcus ferrisi[6]
Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha (Thick-billed Parrot)[7]
Rhynchopsitta terrisi (Maroon-fronted Parrot)[8]
Vitula pinei[4]

Range Map

SW U.S.A.: SE Arizona, SW New Mexico, SW Texas; in Mexico it occupies a wide range running from the interior slopes of the Sierra Madres into the interior of South-Central Mexico, where it reaches its southernmost point in Puebla. An outlier occurs in the Sierra de la Laguna at the southern tip of Baja California. TDWG: 76 ARI 77 NWM TEX 79 MXC-DF MXC-ME MXC-PU MXC-TL MXE-AG MXE-CO MXE-CU MXE-DU MXE-HI MXE-NL MXE-QU MXE-SL MXE-TA MXE-ZA MXG-VC MXN-BS MXN-SO; SW USA: SE Arizona, SW New Mexico, SW Texas; in Mexico it occupies a wide range running from the interior slopes of the Sierra Madres into the interior of South-Central Mexico, where it reaches its southernmost point in Puebla. An outlier occurs in the Sierra de la Laguna at the southern tip of Baja California.. TDWG: 76 ARI 77 NWM TEX 79 MXC-DF MXC-ME MXC-PU MXC-TL MXE-AG MXE-CO MXE-CU MXE-DU MXE-HI MXE-NL MXE-QU MXE-SL MXE-TA MXE-ZA MXG-VC MXN-BS MXN-SO;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service 4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 5Negron, Jose F. 1995. Cone and Seed Insects Associated with Piñon Pine. In: Shaw, Douglas W.; Aldon, Earl F.; LoSapio, Carol, technical coordinators. Desired future conditions for piñon- juniper ecosystems: Proceedings of the symposium; 1994 August 8-12; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-258. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 97-106. 6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 7Thick-billed Parrot, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. 8Maroon-fronted Parrot, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access