Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus elliottii

Pinus elliottii (Slash pine; Florida slash pine; Honduras pine; American pitch pine; Swamp pine)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus elliottii, commonly known as the slash pine, is a pine native to the southeastern United States, from southern South Carolina west to southeastern Louisiana, and south to the Florida Keys. It is fast-growing, but not very long-lived by pine standards (to 200 years), and prefers humid climates and moist soils. Slash pine is named after the "slashes" – swampy ground overgrown with trees and bushes – that constitute its habitat. The two varieties are: This tree is widely grown in tree plantations and is also used in horticulture.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus elliottii


Pinus elliottii var. densa (Attributes)
Pinus elliottii var. elliottii (Honduras pine) (Attributes)


Height [1]  88 feet (26.7 m)
Width [1]  43 feet (13 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  Red
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Winter
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Frost Free Days [2]  8 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  760 lbf (345 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.3 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  14480 / lb (31923 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.59
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Fort Caroline National Memorial III 137 Florida, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  


Acutaspis morrisonorum (round conifer scale)[6]
Adoxophyes moderatana[7]
Aonidiella pini[6]
Aroa melanoleuca[7]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[6]
Chionaspis heterophyllae (pine scale)[6]
Citheronia sepulcralis (Pine-devil Moth)[7]
Cydia anaranjada (Slash Pine Seedworm Moth)[7]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[8]
Dendroctonus terebrans (black turpentine beetle)[9]
Dendrolimus punctata[7]
Dioryctria amatella (Southern Pine Coneworm)[7]
Dioryctria clarioralis[7]
Dysmicoccus milleri (Miller mealybug)[6]
Epichoristodes acerbella[7]
Eriococcus howelli (Kempton eriococcin)[6]
Holcocera lepidophaga[7]
Hyalarcta huebneri[7]
Kunugia latipennis[7]
Lechriolepis nephopyropa[7]
Leptoglossus corculus[10]
Matsucoccus gallicolus[6]
Melanocinclis lineigera[7]
Mitrastethus baridioides[8]
Pococera robustella (Pine Webworm)[7]
Pseudophilippia quaintancii (wooly pine scale)[6]
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)[11]
Rhyacionia aktita[7]
Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth)[7]
Rhyacionia subtropica[7]
Satronia tantilla[7]
Stolotermes ruficeps[8]
Toumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale)[6]
Toumeyella pini (striped pine scale)[6]
Toumeyella virginiana (Virginia pine scale)[6]


Parasitized by 
Boleodorus thylactus <Unverified Name>[12]
Cephalenchus emarginatus[12]
Helicotylenchus exallus <Unverified Name>[12]
Paratylenchus peperpotti <Unverified Name>[12]

Range Map

SE USA, from South Carolina to Mississippi, S to Florida Keys.. TDWG: 78 ALA FLA GEO LOU MSI SCA; Southeastern U.S.A., from South Carolina to Mississippi, south to Florida Keys TDWG: 78 ALA FLA GEO LOU MSI SCA;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
9Black Turpentine Beetle, Dendroctonus terebrans (Olivier) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), Albert E. Mayfield III, Jiri Hulcr, and John L. Foltz, University of Florida
10Negron, Jose F. 1995. Cone and Seed Insects Associated with Piñon Pine. In: Shaw, Douglas W.; Aldon, Earl F.; LoSapio, Carol, technical coordinators. Desired future conditions for piñon- juniper ecosystems: Proceedings of the symposium; 1994 August 8-12; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-258. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 97-106.
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access